Agro-residues and weed biomass as a source bioenergy: Implications for sustainable management and valorization of low-value biowastes

Utsab Deb  -  Defence Research laboratory, Tezpur-784501, Assam, India
Nilutpal Bhuyan  -  Biofuel laboratory, Department of Energy, Tezpur University, Tezpur-784028, Assam, India
Satya Sundar Bhattacharya  -  Department of Environmental Sciences, Tezpur University, Tezpur-784028, Assam, India
*Rupam Kataki scopus  -  Biofuel laboratory, Department of Energy, Tezpur University, Tezpur-784028, Assam, India
Received: 12 May 2019; Revised: 12 Sep 2019; Accepted: 1 Oct 2019; Published: 27 Oct 2019; Available online: 30 Oct 2019.
Open Access Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Cover Image

Biomass resources are gaining increasing importance world over due to their ease of conversion to various energy product in the face of depleting fossil fuel store and increasing environmental concerns over their use. The present work elucidates different physico-chemical properties of three biomasses, paddy straw (PS)- an agricultural residue, spent paddy straw obtained after mushroom cultivation (SS), and a noxious weed (Parthenium hysterophorus; PR) to understand their properties and to explore the feasibility of using them as feedstocks in different biomass to bioenergy conversion routes. In addition to physico-chemical analysis, biochemical analysis of these biomasses along with XRD, thermogravimetric analysis, FTIR and SEM analysis have been carried out. Present study suggests that PS is a better choice as feedstock compared to both PR and SS. The calorific value to ash content ratio is more in PS (1.13) as compared to PR (1.06) and SS (0.84). Thus, it may be inferred that the biomasses in question are at par with commonly used bio-energy feedstocks like sugarcane bagasse and corn cob. ©2019. CBIORE-IJRED. All rights reserved

Keywords: Lignocellulosic biomass; parthenium; paddy straw; spent straw; physico-chemical characterization

Article Metrics:

  1. Ali, G., Bashir, M.K., Ali, H. & Bashir, M.H. (2016) Utilization of rice husk and poultry wastes for renewable energy potential in Pakistan: an economic perspective. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews. 61(C), 25−29
  2. Ayeni, A.O., Adeeyo, O.A., Oresegun, O.M. & Oladimeji, T.E. (2015) Compositional analysis of lignocellulosic materials: Evaluation of an economically viable method suitable for woody and non-woody biomass, American journal of Engineering Research (AJER), 4, 14–19. e-ISSN: 2320-0847 p-ISSN : 2320−0936
  3. Bano, Z. & Srivastava, H.C. (1962) Cultivation of Pleurotus species on paddy straw. Food Science, 11, 363−365
  4. Bin, Y. & Hongzhang, C. (2010) Effect of ash on enzymatic hydrolysis of steam exploded rice straw. Bioresource Technology, 101, 9114−9119
  5. Crombie, K., Masek, O., Sohi, S.P., Brownsort, P. & Cross, A. (2013) The effect of pyrolysis conditions on biochar stability as determined by three methods. GCB Bioenergy, 5, 122–131, doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12030
  6. Cruz, G., Braz, C.E.M., Ferreira, S.L., dos Santos, A.M. & Crnkovic, P.M. (2013) Physicohemical properties of Brazilian biomasses: potential applications as renewable energy source. 22nd International Congress of Mechanical Engineering, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil, November 3−7, 2013
  7. Garcha, H.S., Khanna, P.K. & Dhanda, S. (1997) Pleurotus cultivation- forest scenario and production. In: Indian Mushroom Conference, Sept. 10−12, Solan, 1997, P.84
  8. Accessed on 16 Jan 2018
  9. Hussain, N., Abbasi, T. & Abbasi, S.A. (2016a) Transformation of toxic and allelopathic lantana into a benign organic fertilizer through vermicomposting, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 163,162−169
  10. Hussain, N., Abbasi, T. & Abbasi, S.A. (2016b) Vermi remediation of an invasive and pernicious weed salvinia (Salvinia molesta), Ecological Engineering. 91, 432−440
  11. Hussain, N., Abbasi, T. & Abbasi, S.A. (2016c) Vermicomposting transforms allelopathic parthenium into a benign organic fertilizer. Journal of Environmental Management, 180, 180−189
  12. International Energy Agency, Key world energy statics, 2011.Page 7
  13. Kataki, R. & Konwer, D. (2001) Fuelwood characteristics of some indigenous woody species of north-east India, Biomass & Bioenergy. 20 (1), 17−23
  14. Kaur, M. & Aggarwal, N.K. (2016) First report on Alternaria sp. PMK 1: causative agent of leaf spot disease on parthenium weed. Biocontrol Science & Technology, 26(3), 432−434
  15. Li, S., Xu, S., Liu, S., Yang, C. & Lu, Q. (2004) Fast pyrolysis of biomass in free-fall reactor for hydrogen-rich gas. Fuel Processing Technology, 85, 1201–1211
  16. Mago, P., Gunwal, I., Singh, L. & Awasthi, D. (2014) Commercial production of Oyster mushroom. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 8 (6), 4−9. e-ISSN: 2319-2402, p- ISSN: 2319-2399
  17. Mythili, R., Venkatachalam, P., Subramanian, P. & Uma, D. (2013) Characterization of bioresidues for biooil production through pyrolysis, Bioresource Technology, 138, 71−78
  18. Naik, S., Goud, V.V., Rout, P.K., Jacobson, K. & Dalai, A.K. (2010) Characterization of Canadian biomass for alternative renewable biofuel, Renewable Energy, 35, 1624–1631
  19. Narzari, R., Bordoloi, N., Sarma, B., Gogoi, L., Gogoi, N., Borkotoki, B. & Kataki, R. (2017) Fabrication of biochars obtained from valorization of biowaste and evaluation of its physicochemical properties, Bioresource Technology, 242, 324−328
  20. Nidoy, M.G. (Nov 2016) Rice husks as sustainable energy source. Accessed on 01 Jan 2018
  21. Özyuguran, A. & Yaman, S. (2017) Prediction of Calorific Value of Biomass from Proximate Analysis. Energy Procedia, 107, 130–136
  22. Pandey, K.K. & Nagveni, H.C. (2007) Rapid characterisation of brown and white rot degraded chir pine and rubberwood by FTIR spectroscopy, European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 65, 477−481
  23. Patel, S. (2011) Harmful and beneficial aspects of Parthenium hysterophorus: an update. 3 Biotech. 1, 1–9
  24. Pokhrel, C.P., & Ohga, S. (2007) Cattle bedding waste used as substrate in the cultivation of Agaricusblazei Murill. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 52, 295−298
  25. Rocha, G.J.M., Martin, C., Soares, I.B., Maior, A.M.S., Baudel, H.M. & Abreu, C.A.M. (2011) Dilute mixed-acid pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse for ethanol production. Biomass & Bioenergy, 35, 663−670
  26. Safdar, M.E., Tanveer, A., Khaliq, A. & Maqbool, R. (2016) Critical competition period of parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) in maize. Crop Protection, 80, 101−107
  27. Sannigrahi, P., Ragauskas, A.J. & Tuskan, G.A. (2010) Poplar as a feedstock for biofuels: A review of compositional characteristics, Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining. 4, 209–226
  28. Sasmal, S., Goud, V.V. & Mohanty K. (2012) Characterization of biomasses available in the region of North-East India for production of biofuels, Biomass & Bioenergy, 45, 212−220
  29. Sharma, S., Yadav, R.K.P. & Pokhrel, C.P. (2013) Growth and Yield of Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on different substrates. Journal on New Biological Reports, 2(1), 03−08
  30. Sharman, M., Persley, D.M. & Thomas, J.E. (2009) Distribution in Australia and seed transmission of Tobacco streak virus in Parthenium hysterophorus. Plant Disease. 93(7), 708−712
  31. Singh, B.R., & Singh, O. (2012) in: Shahriar Khan (Ed.), Global Trends of Fossil Fuel Reserves and Climate Change in the 21st Century, Fossil Fuel and the Environment, InTechOpen Ltd. London, UK, ISBN: 978-953-51-0277-9
  32. Stamets, P. (2000) Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushrooms, 3rd edn. Ten Speed Press, California, ISBN 1580081754
  33. Tavva, S.S.M.D., Deshpande, A., Durbha, S.R., Palakollu, V.A.R., Goparaju, A.U., Yechuri, V.R., Bandaru V.R. & Muktinutalapati, V.S.R. (2016) Bioethanol production through separate hydrolysis and fermentation of Parthenium hysterophorus biomass. Renewable Energy, 86, 1317−1323
  34. World Energy Council (2004) Survey of energy resources, 20th edn. Elsevier Ltd, Oxford
  35. Wu, Y. & Dollimore, D. (1998) Kinetic studies of thermal degradation of natural cellulose materials. Thermochimica Acta, 324, 49−57
  36. Yang, H., Yan, R., Chen, H., Lee, D.H. & Zheng, C. (2007) Characteristics of hemicelluloses, cellulose and lignin pyrolysis, Fuel, 86, 1781−1788
  37. Yao, F. Wu, Q., Lei, Y., Guo, W. & Xu, Y. (2008) Thermal decomposition kinetics of natural fibers: Activation energy with dynamic thermogravimetric analysis, Polymer Degradation and Stability, 93, 90−98

Last update: 2021-03-02 18:38:08

  1. Energy Use of Mediterranean Forest Biomass in Sustainable Public Heating Systems and its Effects on Climate Change – Case of Study

    Juan José Mayans, José A. Torrent-Bravo, Leticia Lopéz. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 10 (2), 2021. doi: 10.14710/ijred.2021.34276
  2. Valorisation of argemone mexicana seeds to renewable fuels by thermochemical conversion process

    Satya Prakash Pandey, Sachin Kumar. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 8 (5), 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.jece.2020.104271

Last update: 2021-03-02 18:38:09

No citation recorded.