Effect of Temperature on Plasma-Assisted Catalytic Cracking of Palm Oil into Biofuels

*I. Istadi orcid scopus  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Teguh Riyanto orcid scopus  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Luqman Buchori scopus  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Didi Dwi Anggoro scopus  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Roni Ade Saputra  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Theobroma Guntur Muhamad  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Received: 30 Oct 2019; Revised: 8 Jan 2020; Accepted: 4 Feb 2020; Published: 18 Feb 2020; Available online: 15 Feb 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Renewable Energy Development

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Article Info
Section: Int. Conf. of Chemical Process and Product Engineering 2019
Language: EN
Full Text:
Statistics: 255 184
Abstract
Plasma-assisted catalytic cracking is an attractive method for producing biofuels from vegetable oil. This paper studied the effect of reactor temperature on the performance of plasma-assisted catalytic cracking of palm oil into biofuels. The cracking process was conducted in a Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD)-type plasma reactor with the presence of spent RFCC catalyst. The reactor temperature was varied at 400, 450, and 500 ºC. The liquid fuel product was analyzed using a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to determine the compositions. Result showed that the presenceof plasma and catalytic role can enhance the reactor performance so that the selectivity of the short-chain hydrocarbon produced increases. The selectivity of gasoline, kerosene, and diesel range fuels over the plasma-catalytic reactor were 16.43%, 52.74% and 21.25%, respectively, while the selectivity of gasoline, kerosene and diesel range fuels over a conventional fixed bed reactor was 12.07%, 39.07%, and 45.11%, respectively. The increasing reactor temperature led to enhanced catalytic role of cracking reaction,particularly directing the reaction to the shorter hydrocarbon range. The reactor temperature dependence on the liquid product components distribution over the plasma-catalytic reactor was also studied. The aromatic and oxygenated compounds increased with the reactor temperature.©2020. CBIORE-IJRED. All rights reserved
Keywords
biofuels; plasma-assisted catalytic cracking; palm oil; spent RFCC catalyst

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