skip to main content

Monitoring the performances of a maximum power point tracking photovoltaic (MPPT PV) pumping system driven by a brushless direct current (BLDC) motor

1Unité de Recherche en Electromécanique, Institut Supérieur d’Enseignement Technologique (ISET), Rossso, Mauritania

2Modeling and simulation of Mechanical Systems Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, University Abdelmalek Essaadi, Tétouan, Morocco

Received: 28 May 2018; Revised: 16 Jan 2019; Accepted: 18 May 2019; Published: 13 Jun 2019; Available online: 15 Jul 2019.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Abstract
Nowadays, water pumping systems powered by solar-cell generators are one of the most important applications. It’s a promising alternative to conventional electricity and diesel based pumping systems, especially for applications like community water supplies and irrigation. This study presents a monitored standalone photovoltaic solar direct pumping system using the Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithm to optimize the solar photovoltaic conversion efficiency. It was done at ISET-Rosso in Mauritania. The experimental setup based on Lorentz PS1200C-SJ8-5 pumping system consists of four photovoltaic (PV) panels, inverter PS1200, BLDC motor, centrifugal pump and a storage tank. The system has been monitored, in order to determine the relationship between: the DC power produced by the PV generator and the solar radiation; the water flow and the DC power and by then the relationship between the water flow and the solar radiation. The effect of ambient temperature and solar radiation on the PV panels was also done under Matlab/Simulink environment and compared to the experimental results. ©2019. CBIORE-IJRED. All rights reserved
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Photovoltaic; PV pumping; MPPT algorithm; BLDC motor; Monitoring

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Original Research Article
Language : EN
Statistics:
  1. Abidin, Z., & Yesilata, B. (2004) New approaches on the optimization of directly coupled PV pumping systems, Solar Energy, 77 (1), 81‐93
  2. Akbaba, M. (2006) Optimum matching parameters of an MPPT unit based for a PVG-powered water pumping system for maximum power transfer, Int. J. Energy Res., 30, 395–409
  3. Al-Karaghouli, A., & Al-Sabounchi, A.M. (2000) A PV pumping system, Applied Energy,65, 145-151
  4. Appelbaum, J., & Bany, J. (1979) Performance analysis of D.C. motor‐photovoltaic converter system‐I, Solar Energy, 22 (5),439‐445
  5. Atlam, M.Y.O., & Kuyumcu, F. (2003) Application of genetic algorithms on a photovoltaic panel (PV)-pump motor matching to natural tracking of PV maximum power points, in Proc. Turkish Symp. Artificial Intelligence and Neural Networks, Canakkale, Turkey
  6. Ba, A., Aroudam, E., Chighali, O.E., Hamdoun, O., & Mohamed, M.L. (2018) Performance Optimisation of the PV pumping system, Procedia Manufacturing 22, 788-795
  7. Ba, A., Chighali, O.E., Mohamed El mamy, M.M., Hamdoun, O., & Aroudam, E. (2018) Comparative study of different DC/DC power converter for optimal PV system using MPPT (P&O) method, Applied Solar Energy, 54(4), 235-245
  8. Belgacem, B.G. (2012) Performance of submersible PV water pumping systems in Tunisia, Energy for Sustainable Development, 16, 415-420
  9. Calais, M., & Hinz, H. (1998) A ripple‐based maximum power point tracking algorithm for a single‐phase, grid‐connected photovoltaic system, Solar Energy, 63(5), 277‐282
  10. Chandel, S.S., Nagaraju, N.M., & Chandel, R. (2015) Review of solar photovoltaic water pumping system technology for irrigation and community drinking water supplies, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 49, 1084–1099
  11. Elgendy, M.A., Zahawi, B., & Atkinson, D. J. (2010) Comparison of Directly Connected and Constant Voltage Controlled Photovoltaic Pumping Systems, IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 1(3), 184‐192
  12. El-samahy, A.A., & Shamseldin, M.A. (2016) Brushless DC motor tracking control using self-tuning fuzzy PID control and model reference adaptive control, Ain Shams Engineering Journal 9(3), 341–352
  13. Fam, W. Z. & Balachander, M. K. (1988) Dynamic performance of a dc shunt motor connected to a photovoltaic array, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., 3(3), 613–617
  14. Feraga, C.E., & Bouldjedri, A. (2016) Performance of a Photovoltaic Pumping System Driven by a Single Phase Induction Motor Connected to a Photovoltaic Generator, Automatika, 51, 163–172
  15. Gupta, M.K., & Jain, R. (2013) MPPT Simulation with DC Submersible Solar Pump using Output Sensing Direct Control Method and Cuk Converter, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 3 (1), 186-191
  16. Hadi, H., Tokuda, S., & Rahardjo, S. (2003) Evaluation of performance of photovoltaic system with maximum power point (MPP), Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells, 75, 673–678
  17. Hadj Arab, A., Benghanem, M., & Chenlo, F. (2006) Motor-pump system modelization, Renewable Energy, 31,905–913
  18. Hamrouni, N., Jraidi, M. & Chérif, A., (2008) Solar radiation and ambient temperature effects on the performances of a PV pumping system, Revue des Energies Renouvelables, 11(1), 95–106
  19. Jain, A., Sarkar, P.R., & Siddique, M.K. (2015) Modeling and Performance Analysis of a Permanent Magnet Brushless DC motor using Instrumentation Technique, International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science, 3 (1), 814–820
  20. Kabade, A., Rajoriya, A., & Chaubey, U.C. (2013) Solar Pump Application in Rural Water Supply – A Case Study from Ethiopia, International of Energy Engineering, 3 (5), 176-182
  21. Kavitha, B., Karthikeyan, S., & Iswarya, B. (2004) Design of solar PV water pumping system using BLDC drive using sensorless method, The International Journal of Engineering and Science, 3 (3), 41-46
  22. Koner, P.K. (1995) Optimization techniques for a photovoltaic water pumping system, Renewable Energy, vol. 6, pp. 53–62
  23. Koutroulis, E., Kalaitzakis, K. & Voulgaris, N. (2001) Development of a Microcontroller-Based, Photovoltaic Maximum Power Point Tracking Control System, IEEE Transactions On Power Electronics, 16, 46–54
  24. Lawrance, B.W.W., & Langridge, D. (1995) Simulation and performance of a photovoltaic pumping system, in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Power Electronics and Drive Systems. 1,513–518
  25. Merino, G.G., Lagos, L.O., & Gontupil, J.E. (2008) Monitoring and evaluation of a direct coupled photovoltaic pumping system, Applied engineering in agriculture, 24 (3), 277-284
  26. Metwally H.M.B., & Anis, W.R. (1995) Performance analysis of photovoltaic pumping systems using switched reluctance motor drives, Progress in Photovoltaics, 3, 253–264
  27. Mustapha, T., Gauri, S., & Gürbüz, G. (2015) Mauritania Renewebles, Readiness and Assessement, International renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi, United Arabe Emirates
  28. Rao, A.P.C., Obulesh, Y. P., & Babu, C.S. (2012) Mathematical modeling of BLDC motor with closed loop speed control using PID controller under various loading conditions, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 7, 1321-1328
  29. Roger, J.A. (1979) Theory of the direct coupling between D.C. motors and photovoltaic solar arrays, Solar Energy, 23 (3), 193‐198
  30. Suehrcke, H., Appelbaum, J., & Reshef, B. (1997) Modelling a permanent magnet DC motor/centrifugal pump assembly in a photovoltaic energy system, Solar Energy, 59, 37–42
  31. Surendra, T.S., & Subbaraman, S.V.V. (2002) Solar PV water pumping comes of age in India, in Proc. IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conf., pp. 1485–1488
  32. Taha, M.S. & Suresh, K. (1996) Maximum power point tracking inverter for photovoltaic source pumping applications, in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Power Electronics, Drives & Energy Systems for Industrial Growth, New Delhi, India, 2,883-886
  33. Vongmanee, V. (2004) The photovoltaic pumping system using a variable speed single phase induction motor drive controlled by field oriented principle, in Proc. IEEE Asia-Pacific Conf. Circuits and Systems, Tainan, Taiwan, 2, 1185–1188
  34. Whitfield, G.R., Bentley, R.W., & Burton, J. D. (1995) Increasing the cost effectiveness of small solar photovoltaic pumping systems, Renewable Energy, 6, 483–486
  35. Zegaoui, A., Aillerie, M., Petit, P., Sawicki, J.P., Jaafar, A., Salame, C., & Charles, J.P. (2011) Comparison of Two Common Maximum Power Point Trackers by Simulating of PV Generators, Energy Procedia 6, 678-687
  36. Zhang, Z. (2018) Influence of Special Weather on Output of PV System, IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 108, 052063

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.