skip to main content

Improving the Quantity and Quality of Biogas Production in Tehran Anaerobic Digestion Power Plant by Application of Materials Recirculation Technique

1Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran,, Iran, Islamic Republic of

2Department of Energy, Materials and Energy Research Center, Karaj, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Received: 26 Mar 2020; Revised: 19 Apr 2020; Accepted: 30 Apr 2020; Available online: 2 May 2020; Published: 15 Jul 2020.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Tehran anaerobic digestion power plant has been built on the eastern margin of the urban district by the purpose of processing the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. One of the most suitable methods for the treatment of organic matter is the use of anaerobic digestion (AD) process, which in addition to significant reduction of organic solid wastes, will produce valuable energy. Contributing to maintain the environment, improve urban health, saving on fossil fuels and producing rich fertilizer for agricultural use are important advantages of anaerobic digestion. The plant has been set up in 2014 with a nominal acceptance capacity of 300 tons of organic solid wastes per day and the nominal power generation of 2000 kWe. This system has been faced with considerable challenges in terms of quantity and quality of biogas during operation. The high concentration of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in produced biogas and the lack of appropriate technologies in the plant for biogas refining are critical for the biogas generator engine deployed in the complex. The purpose of this article is to investigate the factors affecting the quality and quantity of Tehran's AD plant biogas using various H2S reduction approaches and selection of appropriate implementing technologies. The results showed that the recirculation of the digester slurry increased the methane content by more than 30% and reduced H2S by more than 98%.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Organic waste; anaerobic digestion; biogas; hydrogen sulfide; material recirculation; waste management

Article Metrics:

  1. Adl, M. and Omrani, G. (2008) Background of biogas technology and its recent developments in Iran. Int J Global Energy Issues, 29(1),273-283
  2. APHA (American Public Health Association), (1998) Standard methods for the Experimental of Water and Wastewater, APHA Washington, D.C.
  3. Bauer, F., Persson, T., Hulteberg, C., & Tamm, D. (2013). Biogas upgrading- Technology overview, comparison and perspectives for the future. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 7(5), 499-511
  4. Cosoli, P., et al. (2008) Hydrogen sulfide removal from biogas by zeolite adsorption, Part II: MD simulations. Chemical Engineering Journal. 145(1): 93-99.
  5. Dezham, P., Rosenblum, E., Jenkins, D. (1988) Digester gas control using iron salts. Journal of Water Pollution Control Federation, 514-517
  6. EBA (2018) Annual Statistical Report of the European Biogas Association: European Overview Chapter
  7. Haryanto A., Marotin F., Triyono S., Hasanudin U. (2017) Developing a family size biogas-fueled electricity generating system. Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 6(2): 111-118
  8. Holliger C., Fruteau H., Hack G. (2017) Methane production of full-scale anaerobic digestion plants calculated from substrate's biomethane potentials compares well with the one measured on-site. Frontiers in Energy Research, 5:12. DOI: 10.3389/fenrg.2017.00012
  9. Hospido, A., Moreira, T., Martin A., Rigola M., Feijoo G. (2005). Environmental evaluation of different treatment processes for sludge from urban wastewater treatments: Anaerobic digestion versus thermal processes. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment,. 10(5): 336-345.
  10. Janetaisong, P., V. Lailuck, and S. Supasitmongkol (2017). Pelletization of iron oxide based sorbents for hydrogen sulfide removal. In: Key Engineering Materials. Trans Tech Publication
  11. Khalid A., Arshad, M., Anjum, M.Mahmood, T., Dawson L. (2011) The anaerobic digestion of solid organic waste. Waste management, 31(8), 1737-1744.
  12. Krayzelova, L., Bartacek, J., Diaz I., Jenicek, P. (2015) Micro-aeration for hydrogen sulfide removal during anaerobic treatment: a review. Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology, 14(4): 703-725.
  13. Lissens, G., Vandevivere, P., De Baere L., Makaly Biey E., Verstrae W. (2001). Solid waste digesters: process performance and practice for municipal solid waste digestion. Water science and technology, 44(8): 91-102
  14. Massé, D.I., Rajagopal, R., and Singh, G. (2014) Technical and operational feasibility of psychrophilic anaerobic digestion biotechnology for processing ammonia-rich waste. Applied Energy,. 120: 49-55.
  15. Micolucci, F., Gottardo, M., Bolzonella, D., Pavan, P. ( 2014) Automatic process control for stable bio-hythane production in two-phase thermophilic anaerobic digestion of food waste. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 39(31): 17563-17572.
  16. Moestedt, J., Nordell, E., Shakeri Y.S., Lundgeren J., Marti, A., Sundberg C., Ejlertsson J., Svensson, B.H., Björn A. (2016) Effects of trace element addition on process stability during anaerobic co-digestion of OFMSW and slaughterhouse waste. Waste management,. 47: 11-20.
  17. Municipality of Tehran, Waste Management Organization. (2018) Report on field investigations for solid wastes composition and quantity within 22 urban districts of Tehran during 2008 and 2017. (in Persian) accessed on 15 October 2019
  18. Park, C.M., Novak,J.T. (2013) The effect of direct addition of iron (III) on anaerobic digestion efficiency and odor causing compounds. Water Science and Technology, 68(11): 2391-2396.
  19. Silvestre, G., A. Bonmatí, and B. Fernández, (2015) Optimisation of sewage sludge anaerobic digestion through co-digestion with OFMSW: effect of collection system and particle size. Waste Management,. 43: 137-143.
  20. Syed, M., Sore.anu, G., Flatella, P., Beland, M. (2006) Removal of hydrogen sulfide from gas streams using biological processes- A review. Canadian Biosystems Engineering, 48: 2.1-2.14
  21. Tsachidou B. Scheuren M., Gennen J., Debbaut V., Toussaint B., Hissler C., George I., Delfosse, P. (2019) Biogas residues in substitution for chemical fertilisers: A comparative study on a grassland in the Walloon Region. Sci Total Environ. 666, 212-225.
  22. Vögeli, Y. (2014) Anaerobic digestion of biowaste in developing countries: Practical information and case studies. Eawag-Sandec
  23. Wellinger, A., Murphy, J.D. and Baxter D. (2013) The biogas handbook: science, production and applications. Elsevier.
  24. Wu, C., Huang, Q., Yu, M., Ren, Y., Wang, Q., Sakai, K. (2018) Effects of digestate recirculation on a two-stage anaerobic digestion system, particularly focusing on metabolite correlation analysis. Bioresource Technology. 251: 40-48.
  25. Zulkefli, N.N., Masdar M.S., Wan Isahak, W.N., Md Jahim, J., Md Rejab S.A., Lye,C.C. (2019) Removal of hydrogen sulfide from a biogas mimic by using impregnated activated carbon adsorbent. PLOS ONE. 14(2): e0211713. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0211713

Last update:

  1. Biocatalyst enhanced biogas production from food and fruit waste through anaerobic digestion

    Vijayakumar Pradeshwaran, Wei-Hsin Chen, Ayyadurai Saravanakumar, Rajadesingu Suriyaprakash, Anurita Selvarajoo. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 55 , 2024. doi: 10.1016/j.bcab.2023.102975
  2. Improving the prediction of biochar production from various biomass sources through the implementation of eXplainable machine learning approaches

    Van Giao Nguyen, Prabhakar Sharma, Ümit Ağbulut, Huu Son Le, Dao Nam Cao, Marek Dzida, Sameh M. Osman, Huu Cuong Le, Viet Dung Tran. International Journal of Green Energy, 2024. doi: 10.1080/15435075.2024.2326076
  3. Net daily energy benefit as a criterion for enhancing the performance of an existing anaerobic digestion facility using co-digestion of available municipal waste resources

    Reza Naghavi, Mohmmad Ali Abdoli, Abdolreza Karbassi, Mehrdad Adl. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 2023. doi: 10.1007/s13399-023-04287-6
  4. Replacing the greater evil: Can legalizing decentralized waste burning in improved devices reduce waste burning emissions for improved air quality?

    Pooja Chaudhary, Raj Singh, Muhammed Shabin, Anita Sharma, Sachin Bhatt, Vinayak Sinha, Baerbel Sinha. Environmental Pollution, 311 , 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2022.119897
  5. Towards the Production of High Added-Value Products from the Pyrolysis and Steam Pyro-Gasification of Five Biomass-Based Building Insulation Materials at End-of-Life

    Christelle Rabbat, Sary Awad, Audrey Villot, Yves Andres. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 14 (6), 2023. doi: 10.1007/s12649-022-01989-2
  6. The effect of NaOH loading on the performance of the vario 125 engine with a biogas fuel

    Syamsuri, Y. W. Mirzayanti, A. H. Mukti, Yoniv Erdhianto. 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCED INFORMATION SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT (ICAISD) 2021: Innovating Scientific Learning for Deep Communication, 2714 , 2023. doi: 10.1063/5.0106229

Last update: 2024-07-18 22:56:30

No citation recorded.