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Electrical Conductivity of Carbon Electrodes by Mixing Carbon Rod and Electrolyte Paste of Spent Battery

1Environmental Science Doctoral Program Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50241, Central Java, , Indonesia

2Instrumentation Engineering Departement, Polytechnic Energy and Minerals Akamigas, Cepu-Blora 58311, Central Java,, Indonesia

3Chemical Engineering Departement, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Central Java,, Indonesia

4 Electrical Engineering Departement, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Central Java,, Indonesia

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Received: 15 Jul 2020; Revised: 27 Oct 2020; Accepted: 3 Dec 2020; Available online: 8 Dec 2020; Published: 1 May 2021.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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As a consequence of increasing battery use, spent batteries are increasingly contributing to solid waste. This situation has the potential to create a severe environmental problem. Thus, the utilization of these spent batteries, including the reuse of some components, is essential. The reusable components of the spent battery are carbon rods and electrolyte pastes. In this work, these components were utilized to prepare a carbon-based electrode for reverse electrodialysis. These electrodes can be an alternative to commercial Ti-based electrodes. The important characteristics of an electrode are the electrical conductivity, porosity, and surface area of the particles. This study aimed to determine the best electrical conductivity exhibited by various mixtures of carbon rods and electrolyte paste taken from spent batteries. The spent battery contained 95% carbon, and the electrolyte paste of the spent battery contained 64% carbon, 19% zinc, and 5% manganese. Before mixing, the carbon rods were powdered using ball mills for 4 h; 85.6% of particles were sized <1 μm. The best electrical conductivity was obtained from a mixture of carbon rods and electrolyte paste in the weight ratio of 7:2, with electrical conductivity, porosity, and surface area of 2.75 S/cm, 0.019 cc/g, and 15.936 m2/g, respectively.

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Keywords: Spent Battery; Waste; Electrical Conductivity; Carbon Rods; Electrode; Electrolyte Paste

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