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Performance Evaluation of Various Photovoltaic Module Technologies at Nawabshah Pakistan

Energy and Environment Engineering Department, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology, Nawabshah, 67480, Sindh, Pakistan

Received: 20 Aug 2020; Revised: 12 Oct 2020; Accepted: 21 Oct 2020; Available online: 29 Oct 2020; Published: 1 Feb 2021.
Editor(s): Marcelinus Christwardana
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 The authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of module temperature on the efficiency of polycrystalline (p-Si), monocrystalline (m-Si), amorphous (a-Si) and thin film photovoltaic modules at outdoor environment of Nawabshah city Pakistan. The experimental setup was made and installed over the top roof of departmental building. Weather conditions, such as global solar radiation, ambient temperature, wind speed and relative humidity, power output and temperature of all selected four types of module technologies were measured at the site by logging data. Then, the logged data was normalized because of different rated power of photovoltaic modules for comparison purpose. Results revealed that less temperature impact was noted from thin film module and thus it gave more normalized power with 45.6% among other examined modules. On the basis of overall efficiency, p-Si, m-Si, a-Si and thin film modules gave 92.4%, 93.7%, 94.4% and 95.4% yearly average normalized efficiencies respectively. It was found that temperature has more impact on the efficiency of other examined modules compared to thin film modules. Thus, it is concluded from the study that thin film module is better in outdoor environment of Nawabshah
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Keywords: meteorological conditions, photovoltaic module temperature, normalized power output of photovoltaic modules, effects of temperature on efficiency of modules
Funding: Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology (QUEST) Nawabshah

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