skip to main content

Poly(vinyl alcohol)-Based Anion Exchange Membranes for Alkaline Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells

1Institute of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, Graz University of Technology, Austria

2Department of Chemical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Received: 28 Sep 2020; Revised: 20 Dec 2020; Accepted: 12 Feb 2021; Published: 1 Aug 2021; Available online: 18 Feb 2021.
Editor(s): H. Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Crosslinked anion exchange membranes (AEMs) made from poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as a backbone polymer and different approaches to functional group introduction were prepared by means of solution casting with thermal and chemical crosslinking. Membrane characterization was performed by SEM, FTIR, and thermogravimetric analyses. The performance of AEMs was evaluated by water uptake, swelling degree, ion exchange capacity, OH- conductivity, and single cell tests. A combination of quaternized ammonium poly(vinyl alcohol) (QPVA) and poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDMAC) showed the highest conductivity, water uptake, and swelling among other functional group sources. The AEM with a combined mass ratio of QPVA and PDDMAC of 1:0.5 (QPV/PDD0.5) has the highest hydroxide conductivity of 54.46 mS cm-1. The single fuel cell tests with QPV/PDD0.5 membrane yield the maximum power density and current density of 8.6 mW cm-2 and 47.6 mA cm-2 at 57 °C. This study demonstrates that PVA-based AEMs have the potential for alkaline direct ethanol fuel cells (ADEFCs) application.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: anion exchange membranes; PVA; PDDA; fuel cells; cross-linking
Funding: Austrian Science Fund (FWF) under contract I 3871-N37 ; The Indonesia-Austria Scholarship Programme (IASP)

Article Metrics:

  1. Bai, H., Li, Z., Zhang, S., Wang, W., & Dong, W. (2018). Interpenetrating polymer networks in polyvinyl alcohol/cellulose nanocrystals hydrogels to develop absorbent materials. Carbohydrate Polymers, 200(August), 468–476.
  2. Couture, G., Alaaeddine, A., Boschet, F., & Ameduri, B. (2011). Polymeric materials as anion-exchange membranes for alkaline fuel cells. Progress in Polymer Science, 36(11), 1521–1557.
  3. Dai, W., Wang, H., Yuan, X., Martin, J. J., & Yang, D. (2009). A review on water balance in the membrane electrode assembly of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34(23), 9461–9478.
  4. Du, X., Zhang, H., Yuan, Y., & Wang, Z. (2020). Semi-interpenetrating network anion exchange membranes based on quaternized polyvinyl alcohol/poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride). Green Energy and Environment.
  5. Fang, J., Wu, Y., Zhang, Y., Lyu, M., & Zhao, J. (2015). Novel anion exchange membranes based on pyridinium groups and fluoroacrylate for alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40(36), 12392–12399.
  6. Feketeföldi, B., Cermenek, B., Spirk, C., Schenk, A., Grimmer, C., Bodner, M., Koller, M., Ribitsch, V., & Hacker, V. (2016). Chitosan-Based Anion Exchange Membranes for Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells. Journal of Membrane Science & Technology, 06(01), 1–9.
  7. Hari Gopi, K., & Bhat, S. D. (2018). Anion exchange membrane from polyvinyl alcohol functionalized with quaternary ammonium groups via alkyl spacers. Ionics, 24, 1097–1109.
  8. Iravaninia, M., & Rowshanzamir, S. (2015). Polysulfone-based Anion Exchange Membranes for Potential Application in Solid Alkaline Fuel Cells. Journal of Renewable Energy and Environment, 2(2), 59–65
  9. Jiang, X., Sun, Y., Zhang, H., & Hou, L. (2018). Preparation and characterization of quaternized poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitosan/MoS2composite anion exchange membranes with high selectivity. Carbohydrate Polymers, 180(October 2017), 96–103.
  10. Liao, G. M., Yang, C. C., Hu, C. C., Pai, Y. L., & Lue, S. J. (2015). Novel quaternized polyvinyl alcohol/quaternized chitosan nano-composite as an effective hydroxide-conducting electrolyte. Journal of Membrane Science, 485, 17–29.
  11. Merle, G., Wessling, M., & Nijmeijer, K. (2011). Anion exchange membranes for alkaline fuel cells: A review. Journal of Membrane Science, 377(1–2), 1–35
  12. Miraftab, M., Saifullah, A. N., & Çay, A. (2015). Physical stabilisation of electrospun poly(vinyl alcohol) nanofibres: comparative study on methanol and heat-based crosslinking. Journal of Materials Science, 50(4), 1943–1957.
  13. Müller, F., Andretta, R., de Oliveira Meneguzzi, L., & Arthur Ferreira, C. (2017). Development of quaternarized poly(vinyl alcohol) anion-exchange membranes for applications in electrodialysis. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 134(31), 1–9.
  14. Qiao, J., Fu, J., Liu, L., Liu, Y., & Sheng, J. (2012). Highly stable hydroxyl anion conducting membranes poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(acrylamide-co-diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PVA/PAADDA) for alkaline fuel cells: Effect of cross-linking. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 37(5), 4580–4585.
  15. Samsudin, A. M., & Hacker, V. (2019). Preparation and characterization of PVA/PDDA/nano-zirconia composite anion exchange membranes for fuel cells. Polymers, 11(9).
  16. Susanto, H., Samsudin, A. M., Faz, M. W., & Rani, M. P. H. (2016). Impact of post-treatment on the characteristics of electrospun poly (vinyl alcohol)/chitosan nanofibers. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1725.
  17. Wang, Y.-J., Qiao, J., Baker, R., & Zhang, J. (2013). Alkaline polymer electrolyte membranes for fuel cell applications. Chemical Society Reviews, 42(13), 5768–5787.
  18. Xiong, Y., Fang, J., Zeng, Q. H., & Liu, Q. L. (2008). Preparation and characterization of cross-linked quaternized poly(vinyl alcohol) membranes for anion exchange membrane fuel cells. Journal of Membrane Science, 311(1–2), 319–325.
  19. Yang, C. C., Chiu, S. J., Chien, W. C., & Chiu, S. S. (2010). Quaternized poly(vinyl alcohol)/alumina composite polymer membranes for alkaline direct methanol fuel cells. Journal of Power Sources, 195(8), 2212–2219.
  20. Yang, C. C., Chiu, S. J., Lee, K. T., Chien, W. C., Lin, C. T., & Huang, C. A. (2008). Study of poly(vinyl alcohol)/titanium oxide composite polymer membranes and their application on alkaline direct alcohol fuel cell. Journal of Power Sources, 184(1), 44–51.
  21. Yuan, Y., Shen, C., Chen, J., & Ren, X. (2018). Synthesis and characterization of cross-linked quaternized chitosan/poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) blend anion-exchange membranes. Ionics, 24(1173), 1180.
  22. Zhang, J., Qiao, J., Jiang, G., Liu, L., & Liu, Y. (2013). Cross-linked poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) as anion-exchange membrane for fuel cell applications. Journal of Power Sources, 240, 359–367.
  23. Zhou, T., Wang, M., He, X., & Qiao, J. (2019). Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) anion-exchange membrane modified with multiwalled carbon nanotubes for alkaline fuel cells. Journal of Materiomics, 5(2), 286–295.

Last update: 2021-08-04 18:14:51

  1. Effect of Crosslinking on the Properties of QPVA/PDDA Anion Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells Application

    A. M. Samsudin, V. Hacker. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 127 (4), 2021. doi: 10.1149/1945-7111/abf781

Last update: 2021-08-04 18:14:51

No citation recorded.