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Differential Pulse Voltammetry Study for Quantitative Determination of Dysprosium (III) in Acetonitrile Solution

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Padjadjaran University. Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang Km 21. Jatinangor, Sumedang 45363., Indonesia

Received: 4 Oct 2020; Revised: 24 Nov 2020; Accepted: 29 Nov 2020; Available online: 1 Dec 2020; Published: 1 May 2021.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Dysprosium has gained global interest due to its key application in renewable technology, such as wind power technology. The presence of this rare earth element (REE) can be determined by several spectroscopic methods. Recently, a voltammetry method has provided an alternative method for the simple and fast detection of REEs. However, to the best of our knowledge, this experiment is usually carried out in an aqueous solvent, and the response of the REE in an organic solvent by the voltammetry method has rarely been investigated. In this research, the quantitative detection of dysprosium and dysprosium mixtures with samarium, europium and gadolinium in acetonitrile is reported by differential pulse voltammetry. A Box-Behnken design was applied to predict the optimum condition of the measurements. Three factors, namely potential deposition, deposition time and amplitude modulation, were found to significantly influence the signal under optimal conditions, which are -1.0 V, 83.64 s and 0.0929 V, respectively. The surface characterization of dysprosium deposited on a Pt surface shows better deposition under 100% acetonitrile compared to a lower concentration of acetonitrile. The evaluation in this study shows a detection limit of 0.6462 mg•L-1 and a quantitation limit of 2.1419 mg•L-1, with a precision value and recovery value of 99.97% and 93.62%, respectively.

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Keywords: Acetonitrile; Box-Behnken design; Dysprosium; Differential Pulse Voltammetry; Chemometrics
Funding: Academic Leadership Grant Program, Padjadjaran University, and the Directorate of Research and Community Service through Superior Research of Higher Education (DRPM-PDUPT), Padjadjaran University

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