Biodiesel Production from Kapok (Ceiba pentandra) Seed Oil using Naturally Alkaline Catalyst as an Effort of Green Energy and Technology
Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)
Nowadays, energy that used to serve all the needs of community, mainly generated from fossil (conventional energy). Terrace in energy consumption is not balanced with adequate fossil fuel reserves and will be totally depleted in the near future. Indonesian Government through a Presidential Decree No. 5 year 2006 mandates an increased capacity in renewable energy production from 5 percent to 15 percent in 2025. C. pentandra seed oil has feasibility as a sustainable biodiesel feedstock in Indonesia. The aim of this paper was to investigate biodiesel production from ceiba petandra seed oil using naturally potassium hydroxide catalyst. Research designs are based on factorial design with 2 levels and 3 independent variables (temperature, reaction time and molar ratio of methanol to oil). According to data calculation, the most influential single variable is molar ratio of methanol to oil. Characterization of biodiesel products meet all the qualifications standardized by SNI 04-7182-2006.
Keywords: biodiesel, kapok seed oil, c. pentandra, green technology
- Atabani, A.E., Silitonga, A.S., Badrudin, I.A., Mahlia, T.M.I., Masjuki, H.H., Mekhilef, S. (2012) A comprehensive review on biodiesel as an alternative energy resource and its characteristics. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16, 2070-2093
- Atadashi, I.M., Aroua, M.K., Abdul Aziz, A. (2010) High quality biodiesel and its diesel engine application: A Review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,14, 1999-2008
- Borges, M.E., Diaz, L. (2012) Recent developments on heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production by oil esterfication ant transesterification reactions : A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16, 2839-2849
- Canakci M, Ozsezen AN, Arcaklioglu E, Erdil A. (2009) Prediction of performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fueled with biodiesel produced from waste frying palm oil. Expert Syst Appl. 36, 9268-9280.
- Deng, X., Fang, Z., Liu, Y.H., Yu, C.L. Production of biodiesel from Jatropha oil catalyzed by nanosized solid basic catalyst. Energy, 36, 777-784
- Gui, M.M., Lee, K.T., Bhatia, S. (2008) Review: Feasibility of edible oil vs non edible oil vs waste edible oil as biodiesel feedstock. Energy, 33, 1646-1653
- Handbook of energy and economic statistic of Indonesia (2010) Jakarta, Indonesia: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources.
- Hasan, M.H., Mahlia, T.M.I., Nur, H. (2012) A review on energy scenario and sustainable energy in Indonesia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16, 2316– 2328
- Kansedo, J., Lee, K.T. (2013) Process optimization and kinetic study for biodiesel production from non-edible sea mango (Cerbera odollam) oil using response surface methodology. Chemical Engineering Journal, 214, 157-164
- Mekhilefa, S., Saidurb, R., Safari, A. (2011) A review on solar energy use in industries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 1777–1790
- Mekhilef, A., Siga, S., Saidur, R. (2011) A review on palm oil biodiesel as a source of renewable fuel. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 1937-1949
- Ong, H.C., Silitonga, A.S., Masjuki, H.H., Mahlia, T.M.I., Chong, W.T., Boosroh, M.H. (2013) Production and comparative fuel properties of biodiesel from non-edible oils :Jatropha curcas, Sterculia foetida, and Ceiba pentandra. Energy conversion and management, 73, 245-255
- Ong, L.K., Effendi, C., Kurniawan, A., Lin, C.X., Zhao, X.S., Ismadji, S. (2013) Optimization of catalyst-free production of biodiesel from Ceiba pentandra (Kapok) oil with high free fatty acid contents. Energy, 57, 615-623ramanik, K. (2003) Properties and use of jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 28, 239-248
- Ramadhas, A.S., Jayaraj, S., Muraleedharan, C. (2005) Biodiesel production from high FFA rubber seed oil. Fuel, 84, 335-340
- Shin, H.Y., Lim, S.M., Kang, S.C., Bae, S.Y. (2012) Statistical optimization for biodiesel production from rapeseed oil via transesterification in supercritical methanol. Fuel processing Technology, 98, 1-5
- Singh, S.P., Singh, D. (2010) Biodiesel production through the use of different sources and characterization of oils and their esters as the substitute of diesel: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 200-216
- Silitonga, A.S., Ong, H.C., Mahlia, T.M.I, Masjuki, H.H., Chong, W.T. (2013) Characterization and production of Ceiba pentandra biodiesel and its blends. Fuel, 108, 855-858
- U.S. Department of Commerce International Trade Administration (2011) Renewable Energy Market Assessment Report: Indonesia
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the International Journal of Renewable Energy Development are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.