Biodiesel Production from Rubber Seed Oil via Esterification Process

*Widayat Widayat  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
S Suherman  -  Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Published: 1 Jul 2012.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2012 International Journal of Renewable Energy Development


Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Original Research Article
Language: EN
Statistics: 1024 718
Abstract
One promise source of alternative energy is biodiesel from rubber seed oil, because the raw materials available in plentiful quantities and can be renewed. In addition, the rubber seed is still lack of utilization, and Indonesia is one of the largest rubbers producing country in the world. The objective of this research is to studied on biodiesel production by esterification process. Parameters used in this study are the ratio of catalyst and temperature and its influence on the characteristics of the resulting biodiesel product. Characterization of rubber seed include acid content number analysis, saponification numbers, density, viscosity, iodine number, type of free fatty acids and triglyceride oils. The results of analysis showed that rubber seed oil content obtained is 50.5%. The results of the GCMS analysis showed that a free fatty acid level in rubber seed is very high. Conversion into bio-diesel oil is obtained by at most 59.91% and lowest 48.24%.

Article Metrics:

  1. Production of Biodiesel from Rubber Seeds (Hevea Brasiliensis) by In situ Transesterification Method
    Bashir Abubakar ABDULKADIR, Yoshimitsu UEMURA, Anita RAMLI, Noridah Bt OSMAN, Katsuki KUSAKABE, Takami KAI, Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy, vol. 94, no. 7, pp. 763, 2015. doi: 10.3775/jie.94.763
  2. Biodiesel production from multi feedstock as feed with direct ultrasound assisted
    Widayat, H. Satriadi, N. Favian Nafiega, Rheza Dipo, Okvitarini, A. J. Alimin, Mas Fawzi Mohd Ali, 2015, pp. 030020. doi: 10.1063/1.4938305
  3. Biodiesel production from jatropha curcas oil and palm oil by using undirect ultrasonic assisted
    Widayat, Hantoro Satriadi, Aji Baharsyah, Supriyandi, in 2016 International Conference on Sustainable Energy Engineering and Application (ICSEEA) (ISBN: 978-1-5090-2899-3), 2016, pp. 127. doi: 10.1109/ICSEEA.2016.7873579
  4. Optimization and kinetic study of ultrasonic assisted esterification process from rubber seed oil
    Huong Trinh, Suzana Yusup, Yoshimitsu Uemura, Bioresource Technology, vol. 247, pp. 51, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.09.075