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Thermodynamic Study of Palm Kernel Shell Gasification for Aggregate Heating in an Asphalt Mixing Plant

1Study Program of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

2Study Program of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

Received: 14 Dec 2019; Revised: 19 Mar 2020; Accepted: 25 May 2020; Available online: 27 May 2020; Published: 15 Jul 2020.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract
This study evaluated thermodynamically the performance of conversion of palm kernel shells into combustible gas through gasification technology for aggregate heating in a hot-mixed asphalt production plant by developing a thermodynamic model using licensed Aspen Plus v.11 software. The effects of the equivalence ratio (ER) in the gasification process and the amount of combustion air to combustible gas to attain the required aggregate temperature were investigated. The thermodynamic model showed a good agreement with the experimental results based H2 and CO contain in producer gas which provided by maximum root mean square errors value of 8.82 and 6.42 respectively. Gasification of 30–35 kg of palm kernel shells in a fixed-bed gasifier reactor using air as a gasifying agent at an ER of 0.325–0.350 generated gaseous fuel for heating 1 ton of aggregate to a temperature of 180–200°C with combustion excess air 10%–20%. 
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Keywords: thermodynamic study; gasification; palm kernel shell; aggregate; hot-mixed asphalt
Funding: The Indonesian Oil Palm Plantation Fund Management Agency

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