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Optimization of Aeration for Accelerating Municipal Solid Waste Biodrying

1The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE), King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, Thailand

2Center of Excellence on Energy Technology and Environment, PERDO, Bangkok, Thailand

3Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand

4 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand

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Received: 5 Mar 2022; Revised: 1 Jun 2022; Accepted: 14 Jun 2022; Available online: 25 Jun 2022; Published: 4 Aug 2022.
Editor(s): Anh Tuan Hoang
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract
Biodrying technology is commonly used in Thailand to produce refuse-derived fuel (RDF), however, this technology remains ineffective on high-moisture waste. Air supply is key to ensuring homogenous temperature development within the waste matrix during biodrying, increasing RDF quality. This study investigated negative aeration during local municipal solid waste biodrying to meet RDF standards in reduced time. Lysimeter experiments were performed on pre-shredded waste (300 kg/m3) using different aeration patterns. The temperature, vent gas oxygen level, weight loss, and leachate volume during the biodrying process were monitored. In addition, the treated waste’s temperature, moisture, and heating values were evaluated to determine the biodrying process efficiency. The results indicate that shorter heating phases can be achieved during continuous aeration. No significant temperature variation was observed in the waste layers, with a low standard deviation of 1.96% during constant air supply, indicating homogeneous temperature development during the biodrying process. The vent gas contained 15–20% oxygen and non-detectable methane, evidencing sufficient air supply. The total heat development was independent of aeration pattern; therefore, biodrying was unaffected by excess air supply at a 95% confidence level. The highest weight loss and moisture content reduction were 25% and 66%, respectively. The optimal aeration was continuous mode with non-excessive aeration, increasing the lower heating value from 2,884.0 to 4,938.0 kCal/kg, and reducing the moisture content from 48.5% to 22.2%. RDF quality can be improved 1.7 times to meet Thailand’s standards within a short biodrying period of 7 days using homogeneous temperature distribution operated under continuous aeration
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Keywords: Biodrying; mechanical biological treatment; municipal solid waste; negative aeration; refuse-derived fuel
Funding: Thailand Science Research and Innovation (TSRI)

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