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A comprehensive review on the use of biodiesel for diesel engines

1Institute of Engineering, HUTECH University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

2School of Mechanical Engineering, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Viet Nam

3Faculty of Automotive Engineering, School of Technology, Van Lang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

4 Institute of Maritime, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

5 PATET Research Group, Ho Chi Minh City University of Transport, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

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Received: 25 Apr 2023; Revised: 15 Jun 2023; Accepted: 20 Jun 2023; Available online: 28 Jun 2023; Published: 15 Jul 2023.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

Fossil fuels are the main source of energy for transportation operations around the world. However, fossil fuels cause extremely negative impacts on the environment, as well as uneven distribution across countries, increasing energy insecurity. Biodiesel is one of the potential and feasible options in recent years to solve energy problems. Biodiesel is a renewable, low-carbon fuel source that is increasingly being used as a replacement for traditional fossil fuels, particularly in diesel engines. Biodiesel has several potential benefits such as reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving air quality, and energy independence. However, there are also several challenges associated with the use of biodiesel including the compatibility of biodiesel with existing engine technologies and infrastructure as well as the cost of production, which can vary depending on factors such as location, climate, and competing uses for the feedstocks. Meanwhile, studies aimed at comprehensively assessing the impact of biodiesel on engine power, performance, and emissions are lacking. This becomes a major barrier to the dissemination of this potential energy source. Therefore, this study will provide a comprehensive view of the physicochemical properties of biodiesel that affect the performance and emission properties of the engine, as well as discuss the difficulties and opportunities of this potential fuel source.

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Keywords: Biodiesel; physicochemical properties; engine performance; emissions characteristics; blended fuel; nano-additives

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