Castor Seed from Melkasa Agricultural Research Centre, East Showa, Ethiopia and it’s biodiesel performance in Four Stroke Diesel Engine
This study focused in investigating the fuel properties of Castor oil Methyl Ester (CME) and its blend with diesel fuel in running a diesel engine. Engine tests have been carried out with the aim of obtaining comparative measures of torque, power, and specific fuel consumption. Castor oil was extracted by using a mechanical pressing machine and trans-esterification was made by methyl alcohol and potassium hydroxide as a catalyst. So that its viscosity and density were reduced and by increasing its volatility. By following the procedures given in American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) book the fuel characteristics were identified whether it fulfil the requirements needed to be used as a fuel in internal combustion engines or not. From the characterization result, it was proved that trans-esterified castor oil was found to be a promising alternative fuel for compression ignition (diesel) engines. But the viscosity of CME was still higher and the energy content was a little bit less as compared to petro diesel. To solve these problems CME was blended with petro diesel in some proportion (B5, B10, B20, B40, B80). The torque, power and brake specific fuel consumption performances of CME and its blends with petro diesel were tested in a four stroke diesel engine. The analyzed results were compared with that of petro diesel and found to be very nearly similar, making CME a suiTable alternative fuel for petro diesel.
- Ali, R. (2013) Preparation and characterization of protein isolate and biodiesel from garden cress seed. European Journal of Chemistry, 4 (2), 85‐91.
- ASTM International. (2002) Annual book of ASTM standards, for Transparent and Opaque Liquids, West Conshohocken.
- Charles, L. & Peterson, C.L. (1986) Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel: Status and Research Priorities. Transactions of ASAE, 29:(5), 1413.
- Demirbas, A. (2003) Biodiesel fuels from vegeTable oils via catalytic and non catalytic supercritical alcohol trans-esterifications and other methods: a survey. Energy Conversion and Management, 44, 2093-2109.
- Gerpen, JV., et al., (2004) Biodiesel Production Technology, National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado.
- John, B. (1998) Heywood, Internal combustion engine fundamentals, McGraw-Hil.
- Knothe, G. & Steidley, K.R. (2005) Lubricity of Components of Biodiesel and Petrodiesel.
- The Origin of Biodiesel Lubricity. Energy & Fuels. Vol. 19, pp. 1192-1200
- Lapuerta, M., et al., (2008) Diesel particulate emissions from used cooking oil biodiesel. Bioresource Technology, vol. 99(4), pp. 731-740
- Mushtaq, A., et al., (2011) Biodiesel from Non Edible Oil Seeds: a Renewable Source of Bioenergy, Economic Effects of Biofuel Production, Dr. Marco Aurelio Dos
- Musharraf, SG., et al., (2012) Biodiesel production from microalgal isolates of southern Pakistan and quantification of FAMEs by GC-MS/MS analysis. Chemistry Central Journal, 6, 149
- Shay, E.G. (1993) Diesel fuel from vegeTable oils: status and opportunities, Biomass Bioenergy, 4, 227–242.
- Santos Bernardes (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-178-7, InTech, Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/economic-effects-of-biofuel-production/biodiesel-from-non-edible-oil-seedsa-renewable-source-of-bioenergy
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the International Journal of Renewable Energy Development are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.