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Pemanfaatan Foto Udara UAV Untuk Pemetaan Kerentanan Fisik Rumah Terhadap Longsor di Sub-DAS Bompon

1Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

2Universitas Gajdah Mada, Indonesia

3Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Received: 29 Aug 2022; Revised: 27 May 2023; Accepted: 15 Jul 2023; Available online: 17 Sep 2023; Published: 21 Sep 2023.
Editor(s): Budi Warsito

Citation Format:
Abstract

Kajian untuk menilai kerusakan maupun kerentanan rumah terhadap longsor skala detail masih jarang dilakukan. Apalagi mengenai pedoman analisisnya melalui proksi berbasis data penginderaan jauh yang masih sangat jarang dilakukan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah memetakan kerentanan fisik rumah terhadap longsor menggunakan foto udara UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) serta memaparkan proses pengumpulan datanya. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah foto udara UAV dapat digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi kerentanan fisik rumah terhadap longsor melalui interpretasi visual. Tahapan identifikasi dimulai dari observasi, lalu dilanjutkan dengan menginterpretasi proksi berupa bentuk atap dan bangunan, ukuran, material atap, lokasi dan asosiasi. Pendekatan tersebut digunakan sebagai pembantu proses interpretasi rumah dan indikator kerentanan fisik dan kunci interpretasi yang disusun secara umum memiliki akurasi diatas 80%. Hasil penilaian kerentanan fisik menunjukkan bahwa rumah di Sub DAS Bompon didominasi oleh rentan tertimbun longsor.

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Keywords: foto udara UAV; interpretasi visual; kerentanan fisik; longsor; pemetaan skala rumah tangga; proksi

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