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Breakthrough Cancer Pain: The Current Pharmacological Management

*Mochamat Mochamat scopus  -  Universitäts-Klinikum Bonn und Medizinische Fakultät, Bonn, Germany
Taufik Eko Nugroho scopus  -  Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
Satrio Adi Wicaksono orcid scopus  -  Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract
Breakthrough pain (BTP) is a transient increase in pain that occurs on a back ground of stable pain. It contributes substantially to the suffering experienced by most cancer patients. The pharmacologic options for management of BTP have been expanded considerably in the past decade. Opioids remain the most effective pharmaceuticals used for the BTP case. In this systematic review we attempted to provide the currently available clinical data about pharmacological treatment for breakthrough cancer pain. The findings of this review suggest that rapid onset opioids play significant role for BTP.
Fulltext
Keywords: breakthrough pain; episodic pain; cancer; pharmacological treatment

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