skip to main content

Penggunaan Kontrasepsi pada Perempuan dengan HIV di Dunia

*Dayu Marista  -  Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Ira Nurmala  -  Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Background: HIV infection is a public health problem. In 2019, more than 38 million people were living with HIV, and more than 1.7 million people contracted HIV. On the other hand, it was reported that infant morbidity and mortality remained high, with more than 160,000 infants contracting HIV and more than 100,000 dying from AIDS-related causes. Increased access and improved service programs to control HIV transmission from mother to child are in line with the increasing number of pregnant women with HIV. Women with HIV and their partners need to plan carefully before deciding to have children. Women living with HIV and their partners need to take advantage of services that provide information and contraceptive tools to prevent unplanned pregnancies. The study aimed to understand how HIV-infected women chose contraceptives.

Method: Search for articles with a systematic review using four databases consisting of Pubmed, Science Direct, Sage, and Emerald Insight with a publication range of 2017-2020. The keywords used were contraceptive use AND HIV women. The inclusion criteria used were women with HIV aged 15-49 years and used a cross-sectional design.

Results: The findings indicated that injections, condoms, and implants were the most common methods of contraception used by women with HIV. Motivation for contraceptive use in women with HIV is influenced by age, marital status, knowledge, number of children, education, previous history of contraceptive use, history of childbirth, lack of fertility desires, income, residence, CD4 count, child's HIV status and partner's HIV status.

 

 

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: contraceptive use;HIV women;injections;good health;well being

Article Metrics:

  1. WHO. HIV Prevention, Infant Diagnosis, Antiretroviral Initiation and Monitoring. 2021
  2. WHO. Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT). Situation and Trends. [Internet]. [cited 2021 Apr 10]. Available from: https://www.who.int/gho/hiv/epidemic_response/PMTCT/en/
  3. WHO. PMTCT Strategic Vision 2010-2015. Preventing moother to child transmission of HIV to reach the UNGASS and Millennium Development Goals. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 2010
  4. Kemenkes RI. Info Datin : Situasi Penyakit HIV/AIDS di Indonesia. Jakarta Selatan: Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2016
  5. Jeremia D, George J, Martin E, Temba B, Msuya S. Prevalence and factors influencing modern contraceptive use among HIV-positive women in Kilimanjaro region, northern Tanzania. Contracept Reprod Med. 2018 May 22;3:7
  6. Kemenkes RI. Pedoman Manajemen Program Pencegahan Penularan HIV dan Sifilis dari Ibu ke Anak. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2015
  7. WHO. Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV Need Better Advice and Access to Contraceptives [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2021 Apr 10]. Available from: https://www.who.int/hiv/mediacentre/news/contraceptive-for-women-girl-living-with-hiv/en/#:~:text=The%20recently%20updated%20August%202019,%2C%20and%20intrauterine%20devices%20(IUDs)
  8. Adedimeji A, Abboud N, Merdekios B, Shiferaw M. A Qualitative Study of Barriers to Effectiveness of Interventions to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Arba Minch, Ethiopia. Int J Popul Res. 2012 Jul 8;2012
  9. Kebede YB, Geremew TT, Mehretie Y, Abejie AN, Bewket L, Dellie E. Associated factors of modern contraceptive use among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus in Enemay District, Northwest Ethiopia : a facility-based cross-sectional study. BMC Publich Health. 2019;19(1)
  10. Tewabe T, Ayalew T, Abdanur A, Jenbere D, Ayehu M, Talema G. Contraceptive use and associated factors among sexually active HIV positive women attending ART clinic in FHRH in Bahir Dar, north west, Ethiopia, 2018. Facility based cross-sectional study. 2019
  11. Aradom H, Sendo E, Teshome G, Dinegde N, Gezahegn T. Factors associated with modern family planning use among women living with HIV who attended care and treatment clinics in Jigjiga town, Eastern Ethiopia. Ther Adv Reprod Health. 2020 Dec 13;14:263349412097696
  12. Feyissa TR, Harris M, Forder P, Loxton D. Contraceptive use among sexually active women living with HIV in western Ethiopia. PLOS ONE. 2020 Aug 6;15:e0237212
  13. Alene KA, Atalell KA. Contraceptive use and method preference among HIV-positive women in Amhara region, Ethiopia. BMC Womens Health. 2018 Jun 18;18(1):97
  14. Tote KM, Raziano VT, Wall K, Cordes S, Ofotokun I, Haddad L. Contraceptive method use among HIV-positive women in a US urban outpatient clinic: An exploratory cross-sectional study. Contraception. 2018 Aug 1;98
  15. Araya BM, Solomon A, Gebreslasie K, Gudayu T, Anteneh K. The role of counseling on modern contraceptive utilization among HIV positive women: The case of Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Womens Health. 2018 Jul 4;18
  16. Dugg P, Chhabra P, Sharma A. Contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning among HIV-positive women: A hospital-based study. Indian J Public Health. 2020 Jan 1;64:32
  17. Bongomin F, Eriatu A, Onen B, Cheputyo P, Godmercy S, Ekuk E, et al. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Contraceptive Use among HIV-Infected Women of Reproductive Age Attending Infectious Disease Clinic at Gulu Regional Referral Hospital, Northern Uganda. BioMed Res Int. 2018 Jun 10;2018
  18. Towriss C, Phillips T, Brittain K, Zerbe A, Abrams E, Myer L. The injection or the injection? Restricted contraceptive choices among women living with HIV. Sex Reprod Health Matters. 2019 Dec 1;27:1628593
  19. Yaya I, Patassi A, Landoh D, Bignandi E, Kolani K, Namoro A-D, et al. Modern contraceptive use among HIV-infected women attending HIV care centres in Togo: A cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2018 Apr 1;8:e019006
  20. Nasrullah M, Oraka E, Chavez P, Johnson C, Dinenno E. Factors Associated With Condom Use Among Sexually Active US Adults, National Survey of Family Growth, 2006–2010 and 2011–2013. J Sex Med. 2017 Apr 1;14:541–50
  21. Brown A, Harries J, Cooper D, Morroni C. Perspectives on contraceptive implant use in women living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa: a qualitative study among primary healthcare providers and stakeholders. BMC Public Health. 2019 Jul 26;19(1):1003
  22. Pyra M, Heffron R, Mugo NR, Nanda K, Thomas KK, Celum C, et al. Effectiveness of hormonal contraception in HIV-infected women using antiretroviral therapy. AIDS Lond Engl. 2015 Nov;29(17):2353–9
  23. Haddad LB, Polis CB, Sheth AN, Brown J, Kourtis AP, King C, et al. Contraceptive methods and risk of HIV acquisition or female-to-male transmission. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2014 Dec;11(4):447–58
  24. Harahap RA. Pengaruh Faktor Predisposing, Enabling dan Reinforcing Terhadap Pemberian Imunisasi Hepatitis B Pada Bayi di Puskesmas Bagan Batu Kecamatan Bagan Sinembah Kabupaten Rokan Hilir. J Jumantik. 2016;1(1)

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-04-16 18:20:30

No citation recorded.