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Interlayer-free Membran Silika Pektin untuk Pervaporasi Air Rawa Asin

Interlayer-free Silica Pectin Membrane for Wetland Saline Water via Pervaporation

Chemical Engineering Department, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Indonesia

Received: 31 Mar 2019; Revised: 7 May 2019; Accepted: 15 May 2019; Published: 31 May 2019.
Open Access Copyright 2019 Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi under

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Wetland in South Kalimantan is one of surface water sources to provide clean water. However, seawater intrusion has spread into the wetland aquifer and reduce the quality of water. Silica-pectin membrane is a promising technology for desalination. The membranes were tested for desalination by pervaporation at room temperature (~25 °C). During pervaporation process, the water contacts to membrane and the separation is started to occurs as vapour phase by maintaining vacuum pressure (~1 bar). The permeate was collected in the cold trap after condensed using nitrogen liquid. The purpose of this research was to investigate the performance of interlayer-free silica pectin membrane for wetland saline water. Experimental results shows the fluxes of membrane are 0.35 and 0.19 kg.m-2 h-1 ( pectin 0%wt); 0.23 and 0.16 kg.m-2 h-1 (pectin 0.1%wt); 0.58 and 3.63 kg.m-2 h-1 (pectin 0.5%wt); 3.40 and 0.12 kg.m-2 h-1 (pectin 2.5%wt) calcined at 300 and 400 °C, respectively. Natural organic matter (NOM) and salt concentration in wetland saline water can reduce the fluxes up to (~98%). Nevertheless, overall salt rejection of membranes achieved >99%. It was found that low calcination gives better performance at high pectin concentration. While pectin concentration was limited at high calcination.
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Keywords: Carbon sustainable template; pervaporation; silica precursor; sol-gel; wetland saline water

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