skip to main content

Electrochemical Peroxidation Method for Reduction of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) Carbofuran in Furadan 3GR Pesticides

*Ayu Sri Wahyuni orcid  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Suhartana Suhartana orcid  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Damar Nurwahyu Bima orcid  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Citation Format:

Carbofuran is a pollutant compound derived from the pesticide Furadan 3GR which is widely used in agriculture. Various methods of carbofuran degradation have been carried out, one of which is the conventional electrochemical method. This study used an electrochemical peroxidation process to degrade Carbofuran in the pesticide Furadan 3GR. This study aims to determine the optimum conditions (time, Na2SO4 concentration, and volume addition of H2O2) for electrochemical peroxidation and to compare the effectiveness of electrochemical and electrochemical peroxidation methods by measuring the parameter of carbofuran COD reduction. The significance of the electrochemical peroxidation method and the conventional electrochemical method was compared as a preliminary test. The COD reduction of Carbofuran using traditional electrochemical methods and electrochemical peroxidation was 45.76% and 88.70%, respectively. Batch carbofuran electrochemical peroxidation process was accomplished to ascertain the optimum conditions under various operation times, the concentration of Na2SO4, and the additional volume of H2O2. The largest COD reduction of 93.78% was obtained at 10 minutes, 75 mM Na2SO4, and 2 mL H2O2. The UV-Vis spectrophotometric absorption of Carbofuran at a wavelength of 274 nm was significantly reduced from 1.377 to 0.131 at optimum conditions. The IR spectrum measurement results indicate a reduction in absorbance for the N-H group (3383 cm-1) and the C=O group (1643 cm-1) at optimum conditions. Overall, the electrochemical peroxidation process proved to be an appropriate technique for COD reduction of Carbofuran in Furadan 3GR pesticides.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Carbofuran; COD; Electrochemical Peroxidation; Furadan 3GR

Article Metrics:

  1. Ahmadzadeh, S. & Dolatabadi, M. 2018. Modeling and kinetics study of electrochemical peroxidation process for mineralization of bisphenol A; a new paradigm for groundwater treatment. Journal of Molecular Liquids 254, 76-82
  2. Arienzo, M., Adamo, P., Chiarenzelli, J., Bianco, M. R. & De Martino, A. 2002. Retention of arsenic on hydrous ferric oxides generated by electrochemical peroxidation. Chemosphere 48, 1009-1018
  3. Asghar, A., Raman, A. A. A. & Daud, W. M. A. W. 2015. Advanced oxidation processes for in-situ production of hydrogen peroxide/hydroxyl radical for textile wastewater treatment: a review. Journal of cleaner production 87, 826-838
  4. Bachtiar, I. & Widodo, D. S. 2015. Elektrodekolorisasi Limbah Cair Pabrik Tekstil di Wilayah Semarang dengan Elektroda PbO2/Pb. Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi 18, 85-90
  5. Brillas, E., Sirés, I. & Oturan, M. A. 2009. Electro-Fenton process and related electrochemical technologies based on Fenton's reaction chemistry. Chemical reviews 109, 6570-6631
  6. Bui, H. M. & Bui, X.-T. 2019. Degradation of Complex Organic Pollutants in Wastewater by Homogeneous Electro-Fenton. Singapore: Springer
  7. Depkes. 2009. Farmakope Indonesia edisi IV. Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia
  8. Grawe, G. F., de Oliveira, T. R., de Andrade Narciso, E., Moccelini, S. K., Terezo, A. J., Soares, M. A. & Castilho, M. 2015. Electrochemical biosensor for carbofuran pesticide based on esterases from Eupenicillium shearii FREI-39 endophytic fungus. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 63, 407-413
  9. Ibrahim, K. E. A. & Şolpan, D. 2019. Removal of carbofuran in aqueous solution by using UV-irradiation/hydrogen peroxide. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 7, 102820
  10. Liu, W.-w., Tu, X.-y., Wang, X.-p., Wang, F.-q. & Li, W. 2012. Pretreatment of coking wastewater by acid out, micro-electrolysis process with in situ electrochemical peroxidation reaction. Chemical Engineering Journal 200, 720-728
  11. Ma, Y.-S., Kumar, M. & Lin, J.-G. 2009. Degradation of carbofuran-contaminated water by the Fenton process. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A 44, 914-920
  12. Matheswaran, M., Balaji, S., Chung, S. J. & Moon, I. S. 2007. Mineralization of phenol by Ce (IV)-mediated electrochemical oxidation in methanesulphonic acid medium: A preliminary study. Chemosphere 69, 325-331
  13. Moussavi, G. & Aghanejad, M. 2014. The performance of electrochemical peroxidation process for COD reduction and biodegradability improvement of the wastewater from a paper recycling plant. Separation and Purification Technology 132, 182-186
  14. Olvera-Vargas, H., Zheng, X., Garcia-Rodriguez, O. & Lefebvre, O. 2019. Sequential "electrochemical peroxidation–Electro-Fenton" process for anaerobic sludge treatment. Water research 154, 277-286
  15. Ozyonar, F. & Karagozoglu, B. 2015. Treatment of pretreated coke wastewater by electrocoagulation and electrochemical peroxidation processes. Separation and Purification Technology 150, 268-277
  16. Prasetyo, D. E., Wulandari, S. Y. & Ismunarti, D. H. 2015. Kajian Konsentrasi Pestisida Karbamat (Karbofuran dan Metomil) Di Perairan Mlonggo, Kabupaten Jepara. Jurnal Oseanografi 4, 451 - 456
  17. Seeyangnok, S., Somjaikula, I., Katratanaborvorna, A., Sillapadecht, Y. & Pranee, S. 2016. Synthesis of Poly (Acrylic Acid) Based Polymers as Quantitative Determined Scale Inhibitor
  18. Sirés, I., Brillas, E., Oturan, M. A., Rodrigo, M. A. & Panizza, M. 2014. Electrochemical advanced oxidation processes: today and tomorrow. A review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 21, 8336-8367
  19. Tomašević, A., Mijin, D., Marinković, A., Radišić, M., Prlainović, N., Đurović-Pejčev, R. & Gašić, S. 2017. The photocatalytic degradation of carbofuran and Furadan 35-ST: the influence of inert ingredients. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24, 13808-13822
  20. Veteriner, B. B. P. 2008. Pengaruh Penggunaan Insektisida Karbamat Terhadap Kesehatan Ternak dan Produknya. Wartazoa 18, 102-114
  21. Vimal, V., Patel, M. & Mohan, D. 2019. Aqueous carbofuran removal using slow pyrolyzed sugarcane bagasse biochar: equilibrium and fixed-bed studies. RSC advances 9, 26338-26350

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-04-21 16:05:37

No citation recorded.