skip to main content

Performance of Electrocoagulation Process for Microplastic Fibre Removal from Laundry Wastewater

*Marita Wulandari scopus  -  Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, Indonesia
Intan Dwi Wahyu Setyorini  -  Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, Indonesia
Anggie Melinda Handayani  -  Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, Indonesia
Ismi Khairunnissa Ariani  -  Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, Indonesia
Ainun Zulfikar  -  Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, Indonesia

Citation Format:

Laundry wastewater contains not only detergent but also contains fabric fibres and threads. Microplastic fibres have been discovered as a potential source of microplastic fibres in synthetic clothing washed in the environment. To reduce microplastic concentration in wastewater, many approaches have been developed. Electrocoagulation is one of them. Using both synthetic microplastics and laundry wastewater samples, this study examined the performance of electrocoagulation methods to remove microplastics. The flocculation and deposition mechanisms remove microplastic fibre. This research was set up by using a reactor with a volume of 1 L, 60 V of voltage and 60 minutes of contact time. Electrical current of 5A and 10A was applied to remove microplastic fibres during electrocoagulation (EC). The removal efficiency of polyester fibre was 55-68 per cent for 60 minutes with a current of 5A and 42-85 per cent for 60 minutes with a current of 10A. Polyamide fibre removal efficiency in 60 minutes is 53 per cent to 74 per cent at 5A current and 57 per cent to 72 per cent at 10A current. According to this study, it can be concluded that EC can remove microplastic fibre from laundry effluent.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Electrocoagulation; microplastics; removal

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Original Research Article
Language : EN
  1. Choi, S., Kwon, M., Park, M.-J., Kim, J. 2021. Characterization of Microplastics Released Based on Polyester Fabric Construction during Washing and Drying. Polymers 2021, 13(24), 4277
  2. Gouin, T., Avalos, J., Brunning, I., Brzuska, K., Graaf, J. De, Kaumanns, J., Koning, T., Meyberg, M., Rettinger, K., Schlatter, H., Thomas, J., Welie, R. Van, & Wolf, T. 2015. Use of micro-plastic beads in cosmetic products in Europe and their estimated emissions to the North Sea Environment. SOFW Journal, 141, 40–46
  3. Hakizimana, J.n., Gourich B., Chafi, M., Stiriba, Y., Vial, C., Drogui, P., Naja, J. 2017. Electrocoagulation process in water treatment: A review of electrocoagulation modeling approaches. Desalination, 404, 1-21
  4. Hinojosa, I.A., Thiel, M. 2009. Floating marine debris in fjord, gulf and channel of southern Chile. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 58, 341-350
  5. Huppertsberg, S., & Knepper, T. P. 2020. Validation of an FT-IR microscopy method for the determination of microplastic particles in surface waters. MethodsX, 7, 100874
  6. Kausar, A., Division, N., & Physics, F. 2019. Advances In carbon fiber reinforced polyamide-based. 19(4)
  7. Lestari, N. D., & Agung, T. 2014. Penurunan TSS dan warna limbah batik. Envirotek: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Lingkungan, 6(1), 37–44
  8. Lu, J., Tang, Q., Wang, Z. R., Xu, C., & Lin, S. L. 2016. A study on continuous and batch electrocoagulation process for fluoride removal. Desalination And Water Treatment, 57(58), 28417–28425
  9. M. Wulandari, A. Prasaningtyas, M. Ma'arij Harfadli, and A. M. Handayani. 2021. Distribution of microplastic at sediment on Balikpapan Coastal Area. Jurnal Presipitasi, 18 (1), 153-160
  10. Lumban Tobing, S. J. B., Hendrawan, I. G., & Faiqoh, E. 2020. Karakteristik mikroplastik pada ikan laut konsumsi yang didaratkan Di Bali. Journal of Marine Research and Technology, 3(2), 102
  11. Napper, I. E., & Thompson, R. C. 2016. Release of synthetic microplastic plastic fibres from domestic washing machines: Effects of fabric type and washing conditions. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 112(1–2), 39–45
  12. Oladejo, A. 2017. Analysis Of Microplastics and their removal from water. 48
  13. Perren, W., Wojtasik, A., & Cai, Q. 2018. Removal of microbeads from wastewater using electrocoagulation. ACS Omega, 3(3)
  14. Sang, W., Chen, Z., Mei, L., Hao, S., Zhan, C., Zhang, W. bin, Li, M., & Liu, J. 2021. The abundance and characteristics of microplastics in rainwater pipelines in Wuhan, China. Science of the Total Environment, 755, 142606
  15. Shen,M., Hang, Y., Almatrafi, A., Hu, T., Zhou, C., Song, B., Zeng,Z., Zeng,G. 2022. Efficient removal of microplastics from wastewater by an electrocoagulation process. Chemical Engineering Journal, 428,131161
  16. Van Cauwenberghe, L., Vanreusel, A., Mees, J., & Janssen, C. R. 2013. Microplastic pollution in deep-sea sediments. Environmental Pollution, 182, 495–499
  17. Widianarko, B., & Hantoro, I. 2018. Mikroplastik Mikroplastik dalam seafood dari Pantai Utara Jawa
  18. Zelviani, S. R. I. 2010. Menentukan tegangan permukaan optimal dengan surfaktan linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (las) yang terkandung dalam detergen. 1–85
  19. Zhu, J., Zhao, H. and Ni, J. 2007. Fluoride distribution in electrocoagulation defluoridation process. Separation and Purification Technology, 56, 184-191

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-06-14 00:32:15

No citation recorded.