MINDFULNESS SEBAGAI STRATEGI REGULASI EMOSI

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jp.17.2.174-188

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Article Info
Submitted: 25-06-2018
Published: 16-01-2019
Section: Research Article
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Research on emotional regulation has been dominated by a hedonist perspective, which argued that the existence of positive affects and the absence of negative affects is an indicator of optimal human functioning. Meeting hedonic needs, however, is not the only goal of emotional regulation. Emotional regulation can also facilitate the integrity of the personality-oriented function as a whole. Mindfulness as an emotional regulation strategy is escorted by attention to all that is taking place in the present moment with an attitude of acceptance, thereby facilitating person-oriented function by bringing emotional experiences towards neutrality. The effectiveness of brief induction of mindfulness in comparison with other strategies in Gross and Thompson’s (2007) Process Model of Emotion Regulation (i.e., reappraisal, distraction, suppression) and control condition was tested in this randomized-mixed design experiment (N = 260) through self-reported ratings of affective valence for 60 positive, neutral, and negative photographs. The effectiveness of mindfulness was equivalent to positive reappraisal for positive stimulus, but lower than positive reappraisal for negative stimulus. Suppression consistently demonstrated equality of effectiveness with mindfulness, while distraction was as equally ineffective as control condition. These complex dynamics of emotional responding between mindfulness and other emotional regulation strategies requires further exploration.

Keywords

acceptance; affective valence; mindful emotion regulation; mindfulness; person-oriented functions

  1. Cleoputri Yusainy  Orcid Scopus Scholar Sinta
    Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
    Psychology Dept., Faculty of Social and Political Sciences
  2. Ratri Nurwanti 
    Jurusan Psikologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya
  3. Ignatius Ryan Jeffri Dharmawan 
    Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
  4. Riska Andari 
    Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
  5. Maria Ulfatul Mahmudah 
    Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
  6. Rizki Restuning Tiyas 
    Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
  7. Baiq Hanny Muthia Husnaini 
    Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
  8. Calvin Octavianus Anggono 
    Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia