MINDFULNESS SEBAGAI STRATEGI REGULASI EMOSI

*Cleoputri Yusainy -  Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Ratri Nurwanti -  Jurusan Psikologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya
Ignatius Ryan Jeffri Dharmawan -  Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Riska Andari -  Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Maria Ulfatul Mahmudah -  Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Rizki Restuning Tiyas -  Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Baiq Hanny Muthia Husnaini -  Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Calvin Octavianus Anggono -  Jurusan Psikologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Received: 25 Jun 2018; Published: 16 Jan 2019.
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Section: Research Article
Language: EN
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Abstract
Research on emotional regulation has been dominated by a hedonist perspective, which argued that the existence of positive affects and the absence of negative affects is an indicator of optimal human functioning. Meeting hedonic needs, however, is not the only goal of emotional regulation. Emotional regulation can also facilitate the integrity of the personality-oriented function as a whole. Mindfulness as an emotional regulation strategy is escorted by attention to all that is taking place in the present moment with an attitude of acceptance, thereby facilitating person-oriented function by bringing emotional experiences towards neutrality. The effectiveness of brief induction of mindfulness in comparison with other strategies in Gross and Thompson’s (2007) Process Model of Emotion Regulation (i.e., reappraisal, distraction, suppression) and control condition was tested in this randomized-mixed design experiment (N = 260) through self-reported ratings of affective valence for 60 positive, neutral, and negative photographs. The effectiveness of mindfulness was equivalent to positive reappraisal for positive stimulus, but lower than positive reappraisal for negative stimulus. Suppression consistently demonstrated equality of effectiveness with mindfulness, while distraction was as equally ineffective as control condition. These complex dynamics of emotional responding between mindfulness and other emotional regulation strategies requires further exploration.
Keywords
acceptance; affective valence; mindful emotion regulation; mindfulness; person-oriented functions

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