ANALISIS KANDUNGAN FITOKIMIA PADA BERBAGAI JENIS MAKROALGA DI PANTAI JUNGWOK, KABUPATEN GUNUNGKIDUL, YOGYAKARTA (Analysis of Phytochemical Contents in Various Types of Macroalgae at Jungwok Beach, Gunungkidul District, Yogyakarta)

*Heny Budi Setyorini  -  Institut Teknologi Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Ernastin Maria  -  Institut Teknologi Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Received: 28 Aug 2019; Published: 2 Mar 2020.
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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan fitokimia pada berbagai jenis makroalga di Pantai Jungwok, Kabupaten Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Pantai Jungwok, Kabupaten Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta. Materi penelitian ini adalah makroalga (Ulva sp., Gracillaria sp., dan Boergesenia sp). Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah survei dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknik pengambilan sampel makroalga menggunakan purposive sampling. Lokasi pengambilan sampel makroalga berada di bagian timur, tengah dan barat Pantai Jungwok. Analisis skrining fitokimia dilakukan dengan uji kualitatif. Analisis skrining alkaloid menggunakan metode Culvenor Fitzgerald, sedangkan untuk steroid dan terpenoid menggunakan metode Liebermann-Buchard Test, pada fraksi air yang terbentuk dilanjutkan dengan uji flavonoid, fenolik dan safonin. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa sampel segar makroalga jenis Gracilaria sp., yang berada di bagian tengah Pantai Jungwok paling banyak mengandung senyawa bioaktif seperti alkaloid, terpenoid dan flavonoid.

 

The objective of this research was to identify the content of phytochemical in various types of macroalgae at Jungwok Beach, Gunungkidul District, Yogyakarta. This research was conducted at Jungwok Beach, Gunungkidul District, Yogyakarta. The material of this research were macroalgae (Ulva sp., Gracillaria sp., and Boergesenia sp.). This method of research used survey with a qualitative approach. The technique of collecting data was done through purposive sampling. The macroalgae samples were collected from the eastern, central and western part of Jungwok Beach. The phytochemical tests were carried out using qualitative test. Alkaloid screening analysis using the Culvenor Fitzgerald method, while for steroids and terpenoids using the Liberman Buchard Test method, the formed water fraction is followed by flavonoid, phenolic and safonin tests. The results showed that fresh sample of the macroalgae type Gracilaria sp., which is located in the middle of Jungwok Beach, contains the most bioactive compounds such as alkaloids, terpenoids and flavonoids.

Keywords
Fitokimia; makroalga; Pantai Jungwok; Gunungkidul

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