skip to main content

ANALISIS BIOEKONOMI PERIKANAN LAUT DI PESISIR KOTA SEMARANG (Bioeconomic Analysis of Marine Fisheries in The Coastal City of Semarang)

*Imam Triarso  -  Departemen Perikanan Tangkap, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Bambang A Wibowo  -  Departemen Perikanan Tangkap, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Abdul Kohar Mudzakir  -  Departemen Perikanan Tangkap, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Pesisir Semarang memiliki potensi sumberdaya ikan meskipun tren produksinya cenderung menurun terutama setelah tahun 2015. Penurunan produksi tersebut berpotensi memiliki dampak terhadap kesejahteraan 1068 nelayan di Kota Semarang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis bioekonomi perikanan laut di pesisir Kota Semarang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa CPUE perikanan laut di pesisir Semarang cenderung menurun. Sedangkan fungsi produksi perikanan lautnya mengikuti persamaan: C = 1418,6 E - 0,803606616 E2. Nilai EMSY perikanan laut di pesisir Semarang sebesar 883 nelayan, sedangkan nilai EMEY sebesar 504 nelayan. Terbukti bahwa tingkat pemanfaatan sumberdaya ikan di pesisir Semarang telah mengalami over-fishing, baik secara biologi maupun ekonomi, sehingga pemanfaatan sumberdaya ikan di pesisir Semarang perlu diatur untuk menjaga keberlanjutan sumberdaya ikan dan profesi nelayan.

 

The coast of Semarang has potential for fish resources, although the trend of production tends to decline, especially after 2015. This decline has the potential (negative) impact on the welfare of 1,068 fishermen in Semarang City. The purpose of this study was to analyze the bioeconomics of marine fisheries in the coastal area of Semarang City. The results showed that the CPUE of marine fisheries on the coast of Semarang tended to decrease. Meanwhile, the marine fishery production function follows the equation: C = 1418.6 E - 0.803606616 E2. The EMSY value of marine fishery on the coast of Semarang is 883 fishermen, while the EMEY value is 504 fishermen. It is proven that the level of utilization of fish resources on the coast of Semarang has experienced over fishing, both biologically and economically, so that the utilization of fish resources on the coast of Semarang needs to be regulated to maintain the sustainability of fish resources and fishermen profession.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: bioekonomi; model Gordon-Schaefer; MSY; MEY; Kota Semarang

Article Metrics:

  1. Angeles RCC, S. Mendoza-Dreisbach. 2020. Comparative study on Indonesian and Philippine marine exploitation and the fish consumption. International Journal of Social Science and Business. 4(4): 506-512
  2. BPS Kota Semarang. 2021. Kota Semarang dalam Angka 2021. BPS Kota Semarang. 294p
  3. BPS Provinsi Jawa Tengah. 2021. Produksi Perikanan Laut yang Dijual Di Tempat Pelelangan Ikan Provinsi Jawa Tengah 2018. BPS Provinsi Jawa Tengah. 60p
  4. Cunningham, S., M.R. Dunn, D Whitmarsh. 1985. Fisheries Economics, An Introduction. Mansell Publishing Limited, London
  5. Damayanti, H. 2018. Utilization and management model of pelagic fish resources. JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan, 11(2): 263-279. doi: https://doi.org/10.15294/jejak.v11i2.16050
  6. Gough CLA, KM Dewar, BJ Godley, E Zafindranosy and AC Broderick. 2020. Evidence of overfishing in small-scale fisheries in Madagascar. Frontiers in Marine Science 7:317. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00317
  7. Krisnafi Y., Yusrizal, S Halim, H Santoso, Suharto, AS Waluyo, A Kusdinar, S Danapraja, FI Pickassa, S Alamsah, ZR Fadly. 2019 CPUE analysis of crab resources in Karangantu, Serang Banten, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux 12(2): 610-617
  8. Link JS, RA Watson, F. Pranovi, S. Libralato. 2020. Comparative production of fisheries yields and ecosystem overfishing in African Large Marine Ecosystems. Environmental Development (in press), 18p. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envdev.2020.100529
  9. Malik J, A. Fahrudin, D.G. Bengen, Taryono. 2019. Overfishing and overcapacity small scale fisheries in Semarang City. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis 11(2): 427-435. DOI: http://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v11i2.24817
  10. Rahim A., DRD Hastuti, D. Pradipta, N. Bustanul, N. Azizah. 2018. The influence of respondent characteristics and different areas on small-scale fisherman household income of urban coastal areas in Pare-Pare City, South Sulawesi. Journal of Socioeconomics and Development 1(2): 63 – 71. DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i2.733
  11. Seijo J.C, O Defeo, S Salas. 1998. Fisheries Bioeconomics, Theory, Modelling and Management. FAO, Rome
  12. Sukono, Riaman, T. Herawati, J. Saputra, ES Hasbullah. 2021. Determinant factors of fishermen income and decision-making for providing welfare insurance: An application of multinomial logistic regression. Decision Science Letters 10 (2021): 175–184. doi: 10.5267/j.dsl.2020.11.002
  13. Susanto J., A. Masyhar. 2019. Law enforcement on fisheries crime after the enactment of Law Number 45 of 2009: A normative analysis. Journal of Law and Legal Reform, 1(1): 107-128. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/jllr.v1i1.35590
  14. Wijayanto D., RA Nugroho, F Kurohman. 2016. Buku Ajar Bioekonomi Perikanan: Studi Kasus Perikanan Tangkap dan Perikanan Budidaya. Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro
  15. Yulisti M., R. Muhartono, A. Zulham. 2014. Why Indonesia should develop tuna sea farming to overcome overfishing? A review of two sides argument. Buletin Riset Sosek Kelautan dan Perikanan 9(2): 53-57

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-07-19 07:27:50

No citation recorded.