Mekanisme Kebijakan Standard Ketahanan Gempa Baru pada Bangunan Publik

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/teknik.v38i2.11799

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Telah diserahkan: 30-08-2016
Diterbitkan: 29-12-2017
Bagian: Artikel
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Penerapan standard bangunan tahan gempa baru pada penelitian ini adalah bagian dari mekanisme kebijakan teknis dan harmonisasi kepentingan dari para praktisi gedung di daerah. Persoalan teknis di lapangan menuntut adanya integrasi komitmen antara praktisi gedung dan pemilik proyek. Jika suatu penerapan standard bangunan terjadi saat gedung sedang dibangun maka perlu mekanisme kebijakan yang dapat mengharmonisasi kepentingan teknis dan administrasi proyek. Penelitian ini merupakan bukti empirik bagaimana mekanisme kebijakan retrofit bangunan pasca penerapan SNI bangunan tahan gempa baru diterapkan pada bangunan rumah sakit umum di Jawa Barat. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah menggunakan simulasi model struktur dan wawancara semi-structured dengan enam praktisi gedung yang telah berpengalaman antara 15-25 tahun. Hasil simulasi model struktur diperoleh bahwa beberapa elemen struktur harus dilakukan retrofit untuk meningkatkan kapasitas terhadap beban gempa baru yang relatif meningkat dua kalinya dari standar gempa lama. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, keberhasilan penerapan standard gedung tahan gempa baru dipengaruhi oleh mekanisme komunikasi dan pengalaman kontraktor yang memadai pada eksekusi di lokasi. Interaksi antara pemilik proyek, kontraktor, dan tim manajemen konstruksi adalah bentuk mekanisme yang bisa dikembangkan terutama bagi praktisi gedung di daerah dengan keterbatasan sumber daya teknologi dan keterampilan.

Kata Kunci

mekanisme kebijakan; retrofit; gedung; rumah sakit umum

  1. Ferry Hermawan  Scholar
    Departemen Teknik Sipil, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
    My research interest in sustainable public building projets, particularly at local authority context. The previous activities 10 years ago relate to the board interest about urban infrastructure of public transport, retrofit buildings, and decision making process in construction industry by Indonesian local authority. Recently, I have been working in multi-disciplinary works with public policy researchers, architects, geotechnic and structural engineers, contractors, procurement units, state auditors and prosecutors.
  2. Himawan Indarto 
    Departemen Teknik Sipil, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
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