Wind Energy Potential at Badin and Pasni Costal Line of Pakistan
Unfortunately, Pakistan is facing an acute energy crisis since the past decade due to the increasing population growth and is heavily dependent on imports of fossil fuels. The shortage of the electricity is 14-18 hours in rural areas and 8-10 hours in urban areas. This situation has been significantly affecting the residential, industrial and commercial sectors in the country. At this time, it is immense challenges for the government to keep the power supply provision continue in the future for the country. In this situation, it has been the increased research to explore renewable energy resources in the country to fulfill the deficit scenario in the state. The renewable energy sector has not penetrated in the energy mix, currently in the upcoming markets. This paper highlights the steps taken by the country in the past and is taking steps at the present time to get rid of from the existing energy crisis when most urban areas are suffering from power outages for 12 hours on regular basis. Until 2009, no single grid interconnected wind established, but now the circumstances are changing significantly and wind farms are contributing to the national grid is the reality now. The initiation of the three wind farms interconnection network and many others in the pipeline are going to be operational soon. The federal policy on wind energy system has recently changed. Surprisingly, the continuing schemes of the wind farm are getting slow. This paper reviews developments in the wind energy sector in the country and lists some suggestions that can contribute to improving the penetration of wind energy in the national energy sector.
Article History: Received Dec 16th 2016; Received in revised form May 15th 2017; Accepted June 18th 2017; Available online
How to Cite This Article: Kaloi,G.S., Wang, J., Baloch, M.H and Tahir, S. (2017) Wind Energy Potential at Badin and Pasni Costal Line Pakistan. Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 6(2), 103-110.
Alam, A. (2013). Electric power consumption, foreign direct investment and economic growth: A comparative study of India and Pakistan. World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development 10(1), 55-65.
Baloch, M. H., G. S. Kaloi and Z. A. Memon (2016). Current scenario of the wind energy in Pakistan challenges and future perspectives: A case study. Energy Reports 2, 201-210.
Bhutto, A. W. and S. Karim (2007). Energy-poverty alleviation in Pakistan through use of indigenous energy resources.Energy for sustainable development 11(1), 58-67.
Blackman, A. and X. Wu (1999). Foreign direct investment in China's power sector: trends, benefits and barriers. Energy policy 27(12), 695-711.
Boyd, D. T. (2003). Oklahoma oil, natural gas, and our place in the big picture. Oklahoma Geology Notes 63(1), 4-30.
Fettweis, G. and E. Zimmermann (2008). ICT energy consumption-trends and challenges. Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Wireless Personal Multimedia Communications.
Goswami, D. Y. and F. Kreith (2015). Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Handbook, CRC Press.
Hasan, S. A., M. I. Subhani and A. Osman (2012). The energy short fall and its after effects (a case study for Karachi city in context to Karachi electric supply corporation). Science Series Data Report 4(2), 42-49.
Kaloi, G. S., J. Wang and M. H. Baloch (2016) Dynamic modelling and Control of DFIG for Wind Energy Conversion System Using Feedback Linearization. J Electr Eng Technol.; 11(5), 1137-1146
Kaloi, G. S., J. Wang and M. H. Baloch (2016). Active and reactive power control of the doubly fed induction generator based on wind energy conversion system. Energy Reports 2, 194-200.
Kaloii, G.S. , J. Wang and M. H. Baloch (2016). Study of stabilty analysis of a grid connected Doubly fed induction generator based on wind energy Application. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 3(2).
Menges, R. and W. Pfaffenberger (2015). Promotion of Renewable Energy Sources in the European Union. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development 4(3), 171.
Mirza, U. K., N. Ahmad, K. Harijan and T. Majeed (2009). Identifying and addressing barriers to renewable energy development in Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13(4), 927-931.
Mohammadi, M., A. Mohammadi and S. Farahat (2016). A New Method for Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) Blade Optimization. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development 5(1), 1-8.
Pakistan, B. M. (2013). Bank Mohtasib Pakistan Annual Report 2013.
Patel, M. R. (2005). Wind and solar power systems: design, analysis, and operation, CRC press.
Sahir, M. H. and A. H. Qureshi (2008). Assessment of new and renewable energy resources potential and identification of barriers to their significant utilization in Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 12(1), 290-298.
Sheikh, M. A. (2010). Energy and renewable energy scenario of Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14(1), 354-363.
Siddique, S. and R. Wazir (2016). A review of the wind power developments in Pakistan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 57, 351-361.
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the International Journal of Renewable Energy Development are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.