Experiment and Simulation Effects of Cyclic Pitch Control on Performance of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine
Article Metrics: (Click on the button below to see the detail)
Offshore wind is generally stronger and more consistent than wind on land. A large part of the offshore wind resource is however located in deep water, where floating wind turbines can harvest more energy. This paper describes a systematic experiment and a simulation analysis (FAST code) about the cyclic pitch control of blades. This work was performed to investigate performance fluctuation of a floating wind turbine utilizing cyclic pitch control. The experiment was carried out in an open wind tunnel with mainstream wind velocity of 10 m/s with the front inflow wind and the oblique inflow wind conditions. A model wind turbine is two-bladed downwind wind turbine with diameter of 1.6 m. Moment and force acts on the model wind turbine were measured by a six-component balance. Fluctuation of power coefficient and thrust coefficient was investigated in the cyclic pitch control. The model wind turbine and the experimental conditions were simulated by FAST code. The comparison of the experimental data and the simulation results of FAST code show that the power coefficient and thrust coefficient are in good agreement.
Keywords: Floating Offshore Wind Turbine, Aerodynamic Forces, Cyclic Pitch Control, FAST Code, Wind Tunnel Experiment
Article History: Received February 11st 2017; Received in revised form April 29th 2017; Accepted June 2nd 2017; Available online
How to Cite This Article: Sang, L.Q., Maeda, T., Kamada, Y. and Li, Q. (2017) Experiment and simulation effect of cyclic pitch control on performance of horizontal axis wind turbine to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 6(2), 119-125.
Global Wind Energy Council. (2015) Global Wind Report - Annual Market Update.
Jonkman J.M. and Sclavounos P.D. (2006) Development of Fully Coupled Aeroelastic and Hydrodynamic Models for Offshore Wind Turbines. 2006 ASME Wind Energy Symposium Reno, Nevada. NREL/CP-500-39066
Jonkman J.M. and Buhl Jr.M.L. (2005) FAST User’s Guide. Technical Report. NREL/EL-500-38230.
Lee K. H., (2005) Responses of Floating Wind Turbines to Wind and Wave Excitation, M.S. Dissertation, Department of Ocean Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.
Lee K. H. and Newman J. N. (2004) WAMIT® User Manual, Versions 6.2, 6.2PC, 6.2S, 6.2S-PC. WAMIT, Inc., Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts.
Li Q, Kamada Y, Maeda T, Murata J, Nishida Y. (2016a) Effect of turbulence on power performance of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine in yawed and no-yawed flow conditions. Energy. 109: 703-711.
Li Q, Murata J, Endo M, Maeda T, Kamada Y. (2016b) Experimental and numerical investigation of the effect of turbulent inflow on a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (Part I: Power performance). Energy. 113: 713-722.
Liua Y, Sunwei Lia, Qian Yia, and Daoyi Chena (2016) Developments in semi-submersible floating foundations supporting wind turbines: A comprehensive review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 60: 433–449.
Maeda T, Kamada Y and Murata J. (2014) LDV measurement of boundary layer on rotating blade surface in wind tunnel. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. IOP Publishing. 555(1) 012057.
Namik H., Stol K. (2011) Performance analysis of individual blade pitch control of offshore wind turbines on two floating platforms. Mechatronics, 21(4), 691–703.
Nielsen FG, Hanson TD, Skaare B. (2006) Integrated dynamic analysis of floating offshore wind turbines. Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Hamburg. 671–679.
Tran T T and Kim D H. (2015) The platform pitching motion of floating offshore wind turbine: A preliminary unsteady aerodynamic analysis. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics. 142: 65–81.
Wayman, E. N., Sclavounos, P. D., Butterfield, S., Jonkman, J., and Musial, W. (2006) Coupled Dynamic Modeling of Floating Wind Turbine Systems. 2006 Offshore Technology Conference, 1–4 May 2006, Houston, TX [CD-ROM], Richardson, TX: Offshore Technology Conference, OTC 18287, NREL/CP-500-39481, Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the International Journal of Renewable Energy Development are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.