Microbial Fuel Cells for Simultaneous Electricity Generation and Organic Degradation from Slaughterhouse Wastewater
Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)
Microbial fuel Cell (MFC) has gained a lot of attention in recent years due to its capability in simultaneously reducing organic component and generating electricity. Here multicultural rumen microbes (RM) were used to reduce organic component of slaughterhouse wastewater in a self-fabricated MFC. The objectives of this study were to determine the MFC configuration and to find out its maximum capability in organic degradation and electricity generation. The experiments were conducted by employing, different types of electrode materials, electrode size, and substrate-RM ratio. Configuration of MFC with graphite-copper electrode 31.4 cm2 in size, and substrate-RM ratio 1:10 shows the best result with current density of 318 mA m-2, potential 2.4 V, and achieve maximum power density up to 700 mW m-2. In addition, self-fabricated MFC also shows its ability in reducing organic component by measuring the chemical oxygen demand (COD) up to 67.9% followed by increasing pH from 5.9 to 7.5. MFC operating at ambient condition (29oC and pH 7.5), is emphasized as green-technology for slaughterhouse wastewater treatment.
Article History: Received March 26, 2016; Received in revised form June 20, 2016; Accepted June 25, 2016; Available online
How to Cite This Article: Prabowo, A.K., Tiarasukma, A.P., Christwardana, M. and Ariyanti, D. (2016) Microbial Fuel Cells for Simultaneous Electricity Generation and Organic Degradation from Slaughterhouse Wastewater. Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 5(2), 107-112.
- Abbasi, U., Jin, W., Pervez, A., Bhatti, Z. A., Tariq, M., Shaheen, S., Iqbal, A., & Mahmood, Q. (2016) Anaerobic microbial fuel cell treating combined industrial wastewater: Correlation of electricity generation with pollutants. Bioresour Technol, 200, , 1–7.
- Alatraktchi, F. A., Zhang, Y., Noori, J. S., & Angelidaki. I. (2012) Surface area expansion of electrodes with grass-like nanostructures and gold nanoparticles to enhance electricity generation in microbial fuel cells. Bioresour. Technol, 123, 177-183
- Babanova, S., Hubenova, Y., & Mitov, M. (2011) Influence of artificial mediators on yeast-based fuel cell performance. J. Biosci. Bioeng, 112, 379–387.
- Bazrafshan, E., Kord Mostafapour, F., Farzadkia, M., Ownagh, K. A., & Mahvi, A. H. (2012) Slaughterhouse wastewater treatment by combined chemical coagulation and electrocoagulation process. PLoS ONE, 7, 1-7
- Bustillo-Lecompte, C. F & Mehrvar, M. (2015) Slaughterhouse wastewater characteristics, treatment, and management in the meat processing industry: A review on trends and advances. J. Environ. Manage, 161, 287-302
- Clauwaert, P., Aelterman, P., Pham, T. H., Schamphelaire, L., Carballa, M., Rabaey, K., & Verstraete, W. (2008) Minimizing losses in bio-electrochemical systems: the road to applications. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol, 79, 901–913.
- Deepika, J., Meignanalakshmi S., & Thilagaraj. R. W. (2015) The Optimization of Parameters for Increased Electricity Production by a Microbial Fuel Cell Using Rumen Fluid. Int J. Green Energy, 12, ,333-338
- del Campo, A. G., Lobato, J., Cañizares, P., Rodrigo, M.A., & Fernandez Morales, F.J. (2012) Short-term effects of temperature and COD in a Microbial Fuel Cells. Appl. Energy, 101, 213-217
- Dijkstra, J., Forbes, J.M., & France. J. (2005) Quantitative Aspects of Ruminant Digestion and Metabolism, 2nd edition. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, CABI Publishing. UK
- Elanthamilan, E., Merlin, J. P., Sarala , L., & Sathiyan, A. (2014) Mediatorless Microbial Fuel Cell with Nafion-115 and Salt bridge as Proton Exchange Membrane. India J Appl Res, 4, b1-3
- Ge, Z., Wu, L., Zhang, F., & He, Z. (2015) Energy extraction from a large-scale microbial fuel cell system treating municipal wastewater. J. Power Sources, 297, 260-264.
- Ghanapriya. K., Rana S., & Kalaichelvan. P.T. (2012) Electricity Generation from Slaughterhouse Wastewater using Microbial Fuel Cell Technology. Adv. Bio Tech, 11, 20-23.
- Guo, X., Zhan, Y., Chen, C., Cai, B., Wang, Y., & Guo. S. (2016) Influence of packing material characteristics on the performance of microbial fuel cells using petroleum refinery wastewater as fuel. Renew Energ, 87, 437-444.
- Heilmann, J. & Logan, B.E. (2006) Production of electricity from proteins using a microbial fuel cell. Water Environ. Res, 78, 531–537.
- Hobson, P.N. & Stewart, C.S. (1997) The Rumen Microbial Ecosystem, 2nd edition,” New York: Springer, USA
- Huang, J., Yang, P., Guo, Y., & Zhang, K. (2011) Electricity generation during wastewater treatment : An approach using an AFB-MFC for alcohol distillery wastewater. Desalination, 276, 373–378.
- Hubenova, Y & Mitov, M. (2015) Extracellular electron transfer in yeast-based biofuel cells: A review. Bioelectrochemistry, 106, 177–185
- Karthikeyan, R., Selvam, A., Cheng, K. Y., & Wong, J. W. (2016) Influence of ionic conductivity in bioelectricity production from saline domestic sewage sludge in microbial fuel cells,” Bioresour. Technol, Vol 200, 845–852
- Katuri, K. P., Enright, A. M., O'Flaherty, V.,& Leech, D. (2012) Microbial analysis of anodic biofilm in a microbial fuel cell using slaughterhouse wastewater. Bioelectrochemistry, 87, 164–171
- LaPara, T. M., Alleman, J. E., & Pope. P.G. (2000) Miniaturized closed reflux, colorimetric method for the determination of chemical oxygen demand. Waste Manage, 20, 295–298
- Liu, H., Ramnarayanan, R. & Logan B.E. (2004) Production of Electricity during Wastewater Treatment Using a Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell. Environ. Sci. Technol, 38, 2281–2285.
- Logan, B.E. (2008) Microbial Fuel Cell”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, USA
- Lovley, D. R. (2008) The microbe electric: conversion of organic matter to electricity. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol, 19, 564–571.
- Min, B & Logan, B.E. (2004) Continuous Electricity Generation from Domestic Wastewater and Organic Substrates in a Flat Plate Microbial Fuel Cell. Environ. Sci. Technol, 38, 5809–5814.
- Prasad, D., Arun, S., Murugesan, M., Padmanaban, S., Satyanarayanan, R.S., Berchmans, S., & Yegnaraman, V. (2007) Direct electron transfer with yeast cells and construction of a mediatorless microbial fuel cell”, Biosens Bioelectron, 22, 2604–2610.
- Qian, F. & Morse, D.E. (2011) Miniaturizing microbial fuel cells. Trends Biotechnol, 29, 62–69.
- Richter, H., Nevin, K., Jia, H., Lowy, D., Lovley, D. R., & Tender, L. (2009) Cyclic voltammetry of biofilms of wild type and mutant Geobacter sulfurreducens on fuel cell anodes indicates possible roles of OmcB, OmcZ, type IV pili, and protons in extracellular electron transfer. Energy Environ. Sci, 2, 506–516
- Sciarria, T. P., Tenca, A., Epifanio, A. D., Mecheri, B., Merlino, G., Barbato, M., & Adani, F. (2013) Bioresource Technology Using olive mill wastewater to improve performance in producing electricity from domestic wastewater by using single-chamber microbial fuel cell. Bioresour. Technol, 147, 246–253.
- Venkatamohan, S., Veerraghuvulu, S., & Sarma, P. N. (2008) Biochemical evaluation of bioelectricity production process from anaerobic wastewater treatment in a single chambered microbial fuel cell (MFC) employing glass wool membrane. Biosens. Bioelectron, 23, 1326-1332.
- Yokoyama, H., Ohmori, H., Ishida, H., Waki, M., & Tanaka, Y. (2006) Treatment of cow-waste slurry by a microbial fuel cell and the properties of the treated slurry as liquid manure. Animal Sci. J. 77, 634–638.
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the International Journal of Renewable Energy Development are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.