Prosopis juliflora pods mash for biofuel energy production: Implication for managing invasive species through utilization
Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)
Fuels obtained from renewable resources have merited a lot of enthusiasm amid the previous decades mostly because of worries about fossil fuel depletion and climate change. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of Prosopis juliflora pods mash for bio-ethanol production and its hydrolysis solid waste for solid fuel. Parameters such as acid concentration (0.5 - 3 molar), hydrolysis times (5-30 min), fermentation times (6-72h), fermentation temperature (25 OC - 40 OC) and pH (4-8) on bio-ethanol production using Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast were evaluated. Results show that the content of sugar increases as the acid concentration (H2SO4) increased up to 1 molar and decreases beyond 1 molar. A maximum sugar content of 96.13 %v/v was obtained at 1 molar of H2SO4 concentration. The optimum conditions for bio-ethanol production were found at 1 molar of H2SO4 concentration (4.2 %v/v), 48 h fermentation time (5.1%v/v), 20 min hydrolysis time (5.57 %v/v), 30 OC fermentation temperature (5.57 %v/v) and pH 5 (6.01 %v/v). Under these optimum conditions, the maximum yield of bio-ethanol (6.01%v/v) was obtained. Furthermore, the solid waste remaining after bio-ethanol production was evaluated for solid fuel application (18.22 MJ/kg). Hence, the results show that Prosopis juliflora pods mash has the potential to produce bio-ethanol. The preliminary analysis of solid waste after hydrolysis suggests the possibility to use it as a solid fuel, implying its potential for alleviating major disposal problems.
Article History: Received March 24th 2018 ; Received in revised form September 15th 2018; Accepted October 1st 2018; Available online
How to Cite This Article: Haile, M., Hishe, H. and Gebremedhin, D. (2018) Prosopis juliflora Pods Mash for Biofuel Energy Production: Implication for Managing Invasive Species through Utilization. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 7(3), 205-212.
- Abebe, T. (1994) Growth-performance of some multi-purpose trees and shrubs in the semiarid areas of southern Ethiopia. Agroforestry Systems, 26, 237-248.
- Admasu, D. (2008) Invasive plants and food security: The case of Prosopis juliflora in the Afar region of Ethiopia. FARM-Africa, IUCN, 1–13.
- Akpan, U.G., Alhakim, A. A. & Ijah, U. J.J. (2008) Production of ethanol Fuel from Organic and Food Wastes. Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies ISSN 1583-1078, 1-11.
- Ayele, K., Mesfin, R. & Araya, A. (2012) Potential of Bioethanol Production and Optimization Test from Agricultural Waste; the Case of Wet Coffee Processing Waste (Pulp). International Journal of renewable energy research, 2 (3).
- Bravo, L., Grados, N. & Saura-calixto, F. (1994) Composition and potential uses of mesquite pods (Prosopis pallida L) - comparison with carob pods (Ceratonia siliqua L). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 65, 303-306.
- Choge, S.K., Pasiecznik, N.M., Harvey, M., Wright, J., Awan, S.Z., & Harris, P.J. (2007) Prosopis pods as human food, with special reference to Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya Forest Research Institute, 33 (3), 419-424.
- Dawson, L. & Boopaty, R. (2008) Cellulosic ethanol production from sugarcane bagasse without enzymatic saccharification. Bioresources 3, 452-460.
- Hailu, S., Demel, T., Sileshi, N. & Fassil, A. (2004) Some biological characteristics that foster the invasion of P. juliflora (Sw.) DC.At Middle Awash Rift Valley, North-eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Arid Environment 58, 34-153.
- Hoi, W. (2003) Potential of biomass utilization for energy in Asia Pacific experience of the Philippine situation, Forest Research Institute. Kepong, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.
- Joshi, B., Raj Bhatt, M., Sharma, D., Joshi, J., Malla, R. & Sreerama, L. (2011) Lignocellulosic ethanol production: Current practices and recent developments. Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Review, 6(8), 172-182.
- Haile, M. (2014) Integrated volarization of spent coffee grounds to biofuels. Biofuel Research Journal 2, 65-69.
- Haile, M., Araya, A., & Nigist, A. (2013) Investigation of Waste Coffee Ground as a Potential Raw Material for Biodiesel Production. International journal of renewable energy research, 3 (4).
- Manikandan K, Saravanan S. Kinetics studies on bio-ethanol production from banana peel waste using mutant strain of Saccharomyces cervisiae. Indian J Biotechnol. 2008;7:83–88.
- Ministry of Mines and Energy (2011) Energy Policy of Ethiopia, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Tokyo international center.
- Nutawan, Y., Phattayawadee, P., Pattranit, T. & Mohammad, N. (2010) Bioethanol Production from Rice Straw. Energy Research J. 1, 26-31.
- Onuki, S. (2005) Bioethanol, Industrial production process, and recent studies; USA organic and food wastes. Journal of Practices and Technologies, 13, 1-11.
- Pasiecznik, N.M., Felker, P., Harris, P.J., Harsh, L.W., Cruz, G., Tewari, J.C., Cadoret, K. & Maldonado, L.J. (2001) The Prosopis juliflora – Prosopis pallida Complex: a monograph. HDRA, Coventry, UK.pp 162.
- Pikūnas, A., Pukalskas, S. & Grabys, J. (2003) Influence of composition of gasoline-ethanol blends on parameters of internal combustion engines. Journal of kones internal combustion Engines, 10, 3-4.
- Prasad, M.P., Rekha, S., Tamilarasan, M. & Subha, K.S. (2009). Production Of Bioethanol Using Various Agricultural Raw Materials By Two Step Enzymatic Process. Advanced Biotech, 41 – 43.
- Raghavendra B, Havannavar Geeta SG. Pre-treatment of agroresidues for release of maximum reducing sugar. Karnataka J Agric Sci. 2007;20:771–772.
- Ryan, F. (2011) US Forest Service Technical Assistance, Trip to Ethiopia: Invasive species management. Report Submitted to USAID.
- Shiferaw, H., Teketay, D., Nemomissa, S. and Assefa, F. (2004). Some biological characteristics that foster the invasion of Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. at Middle Awash Rift Valley Area, northeastern Ethiopia. Journal of Arid Environments, 58: 134–153
- Steele, P., Breithaupt, J., & Labrada, R. (2009) Increased food security: control and management of Prosopis. Proceedings of an Expert Consultation, 4, Awash (Ethiopia), FAO.
- Thuesombat, P., Thanonkeo, P., Laopaiboon, L., Laopaiboon, P., Yunchalard, S., Kaewkannetra, L. & Thanonkeo, S. (2007) The batch ethanol fermentation of Jerusalem artichoke using saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of sciences and Technology 7:93-96.
- Weil, J., Dien, B., Bothast, R., Hendrickson, R., Mosier, N. & Ladisch, M. (2002) Removal of fermentation inhibitors formed during pretreatment of biomass by polymeric adsorbents. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 41, 6132–6138.
- Woldesenbet AG, Shiferaw G, Chandravanshi BS. Bio-ethanol production from poultry manure at Bonga Poultry Farm in Ethiopia. Afr J Environ Sci Technol. 2013;7:435–440.
- Woldesenbet AG, Woldeyes B, Chandravanshi BS. Bio-bio-ethanol production from wet coffee processing waste in Ethiopia. Springerplus. 2016; 5(1): 1903.
- Zuzarte, F. (2007) Ethanol for Cooking - Feasibility of Small-scale Ethanol Supply and its Demand as a Cooking Fuel: Tanzania Case Study. KTH School of Energy and Environmental Technology, Heat and Power Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.
Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University.
International Journal of Renewable Energy Development and Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the International Journal of Renewable Energy Development are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.