Evaluation of the Wind Potential and Optimal Design of a Wind Farm in The Arzew Industrial Zone in Western Algeria

*Salah Marih  -  Laboratory developing physical-mechanical characterization and metallurgical materials, Abdelhamid Ibn Badis University, Mostaganem, Algeria
Leila Ghomri  -  Laboratory developing physical-mechanical characterization and metallurgical materials, Abdelhamid Ibn Badis University, Mostaganem, Algeria
Benaissa Bekkouche  -  Signals and Systems Laboratory Research, Abdelhamid Ibn Badis University, Mostaganem, Algeria
Received: 1 Jan 2020; Revised: 28 Apr 2020; Accepted: 30 Apr 2020; Published: 15 Jul 2020; Available online: 2 May 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Renewable Energy Development
License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Original Research Article
Language: EN
Statistics: 541 123
Abstract

This work presents an assessment of the wind potential and a design methodology for a 10 MW wind farm in the Arzew industrial region, located in northwest Algeria, to improve the quality of service of the electricity grid and increase Algeria's participation in the use of renewable energy. The hourly wind data of 10 years (2005-2015) that correspond to the wind potential of the site were analyzed, such as: dominant wind directions, probability distribution, Weibull parameters, mean wind speed and power potential. The site has a mean annual wind speed of 4.46 m/s at 10m height, and enough space to locate the wind turbines. A comparative study was carried out between four wind turbine technologies to improve the site's efficiency and select the appropriate technology: PowerWind 56/ 900 kW, Nordex N50/800 kW, Vestas V50/850 kW, NEG-Micon 44/750 kW. The estimate of the energy produced using WAsP software and the choice of the optimal architectural configuration for wind turbines installation was confirmed. A techno-economic and environmental study was carried out by HOMER software, to choose the model that produces the maximum annual net energy with a competitive cost in the global wind energy market, $ 0.068/kWh, and that provides clean energy with a reduced emission of polluting gases. Finally, this work provides a good indicator for the construction of a wind farm in Arzew. ©2020. CBIORE-IJRED. All rights reserved

Keywords: Wind resource assessment; Wind farm; Weibull distribution; Wind speed; Wind turbine; Power density; Optimization; WAsP; Arzew,;Algeria

Article Metrics:

  1. Abdeslame, D., Kasbadji Merzouk, N., Mekhtoub, S., Abbas, M., & Dehmas, M. (2017). Estimation of power generation capacities of a wind farms installed in windy sites in Algerian high plateaus. Renewable Energy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.10.075
  2. Al Zohbi, G., Hendrick, P., & Bouillard, P. (2015). Evaluation of the impact of wind farms on birds: The case study ofLebanon. Renewable Energy, 80, 682–689. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2015.02.052
  3. Ang, J. B. (2007). CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and output in France. Energy Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2007.03.032
  4. Belabes, B., Youcefi, A., Guerri, O., Djamai, M., & Kaabeche, A. (2015). Evaluation of wind energy potential and estimation of cost using wind energy turbines for electricity generation in north of Algeria. In Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (Vol. 51, pp. 1245–1255). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.043
  5. Benabdelkarim, B., & Benatillah, A. (2016). Etude et simulation de l’effet des paramètres climatiques (température, poussière…) sur les modules solaires en couches minces en région saharien. Uraer.Cder.Dz, 1–5. http://uraer.cder.dz/sienr/sienr16/pvh/22_Article_B_BENABDELKARIM_A22.pdf
  6. Boudia, S. M., & Guerri, O. (2015). Investigation of wind power potential at Oran, northwest of Algeria. Energy Conversion and Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2015.07.055
  7. Edinger, R., & Kaul, S. (2000). Humankind’s detour toward sustainability: Past, present, and future of renewable energies and electric power generation. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1364-0321(99)00017-9
  8. Emeksiz, C., & Cetin, T. (2019). In case study: Investigation of tower shadow disturbance and wind shear variations effects on energy production, wind speed and power characteristics. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2019.07.004
  9. Emeksiz, C., & Demirci, B. (2019). The determination of offshore wind energy potential of Turkey by using novelty hybrid site selection method. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2019.100562
  10. Georgopoulou, E., Sarafidis, Y., & Diakoulaki, D. (1998). Design and implementation of a group DSS for sustaining renewable energies exploitation. European Journal of Operational Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-2217(98)00072-1
  11. Halicioglu, F. (2009). An econometric study of CO2 emissions, energy consumption, income and foreign trade in Turkey. Energy Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2008.11.012
  12. Himri, Y., Himri, S., & Stambouli, A. B. (2010). Wind power resource in the south-western region of Algeria. In Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2009.07.018
  13. Himri, Y., Merzouk, M., Kasbadji Merzouk, N., & Himri, S. (2020). Potential and economic feasibility of wind energy in south West region of Algeria. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2020.100643
  14. Home Page | Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. Retrieved June 11, 2017, from https://eros.usgs.gov/
  15. HOMER - Hybrid Renewable and Distributed Generation System Design Software. Retrieved July 2, 2018, from https://www.homerenergy.com/
  16. Keyhani, A., Ghasemi-Varnamkhasti, M., Khanali, M., & Abbaszadeh, R. (2010). An assessment of wind energy potential as a power generation source in the capital of Iran, Tehran. Energy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2009.09.009
  17. Khalid Saeed, M., Salam, A., Rehman, A. U., & Abid Saeed, M. (2019). Comparison of six different methods of Weibull distribution for wind power assessment: A case study for a site in the Northern region of Pakistan. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2019.100541
  18. Lashin, A., & Shata, A. (2012). An analysis of wind power potential in Port Said, Egypt. In Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (Vol. 16, Issue 9, pp. 6660–6667). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.08.012
  19. Liu, Z., & Yang, Y. (2009). A New Calculation Model of Wind Power. 2009 Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference, 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1109/APPEEC.2009.4918065
  20. Louassa, S., Guerri, O., Merzouk, N. K., & Merzouk, M. (2017). Wind resources estimation and performance evaluation of two wind farms in an Algerian arid zone. Proceedings of 2016 International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2016, 444–449. https://doi.org/10.1109/IRSEC.2016.7983943
  21. Merzouk, N. K., & Merzouk, M. (2012). Efficiency of three wind turbines installed on high plains region of Algeria. Procedia Engineering, 33, 450–457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.01.1224
  22. Mohamed, B., Fadela, B., & Mounir, K. (2015). Optimization of the Wind Turbines Location in Kaberten Wind Farm in Algeria. Energy Procedia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.07.532
  23. OUSSAMA, B. (2015). Evaluation of wind energy potential in the region southeast of the Algerian Sahara.
  24. Ozturk, I., & Acaravci, A. (2010). CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic growth in Turkey. In Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.07.005
  25. Programme national de développement des énergies renouvelables (2015 - 2030) - Portail Algériеn des Enеrgiеs Rеnouvе𝗅ab𝗅еs. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2017, from http://portail.cder.dz/spip.php?article4446
  26. Quan, P., & Leephakpreeda, T. (2015). Assessment of wind energy potential for selecting wind turbines: An application to Thailand. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2015.05.002
  27. Reiche, D., & Bechberger, M. (2004). Policy differences in the promotion of renewable energies in the EU member states. Energy Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-4215(02)00343-9
  28. Saheb Koussa, D., Koussa, M., & Hadji, S. (2016). Assessment of various WTG (wind turbine generators) production in different Algerian’s climatic zones. Energy, 96, 449–460. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2015.12.072
  29. Stambouli, A. B. (2011). Promotion of renewable energies in Algeria: Strategies and perspectives. In Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.11.017
  30. Wind energy industry-standard software - WAsP. (n.d.). Retrieved June 11, 2017, from http://www.wasp.dk/
  31. Wright, A. (2010). Wind Turbine Control Systems. In Wind Turbine Technology: Fundamental Concepts in Wind Turbine Engineering, Second Edition (pp. 741–757). ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.802601.ch14
  32. Zhang, Z. X. (2007). China is moving away the pattern of “develop first and then treat the pollution.” Energy Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2007.02.002

No citation recorded.