Energy Use of Mediterranean Forest Biomass in Sustainable Public Heating Systems and its Effects on Climate Change – Case of Study

*Juan José Mayans  -  Government of the Province of Valencia, Service of environment, Water and Waste Department, Avda. Peset Aleixandre 63, 46009 Valencia, Spain
José A. Torrent-Bravo  -  Department of Hydraulics and Environment, Investigation on Science and Forest Technology Group, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Paraninfo nº 1, 46730 Grao Gandía, Spain
Leticia Lopéz  -  Department of Hydraulics and Environment, Investigation on Science and Forest Technology Group, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Paraninfo nº 1, 46730 Grao Gandía, Spain
Received: 8 Nov 2020; Revised: 10 Dec 2020; Accepted: 15 Dec 2020; Published: 1 May 2021; Available online: 20 Dec 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Abstract
The municipality of Serra, Valencia, located in the Spanish Mediterranean east coast, covers an area of 5,730 hectares, with 95% of this territory lying within the Sierra Calderona Natural Park and 85% being forest. The main axis of the municipality’s economy has been the construction, reducing the primary sector, resulting in uncontrolled growth of forest and deterioration of the landscape. All this has raised forest fire risk to dangerous levels threatening the natural heritage of Serra and the future of the Serra Calderona Natural Park. The study shows how an adequate model of forest biomass management, through energetic use in sustainable public heating systems, can have positive direct effects in the fight against climate change, considering both economics aspects and environmental effects, and its capacity to contribute to the socioeconomic development of agro forestry regions, fixing its habitants and offering a rural development based on the rational use of their natural resources
Keywords: biomass; renewable energy; forest management; public buildings; sustainable heating systems

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