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Valuation of CO2 Emissions Reduction from Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Projects in Africa: A Case Study of Burkina Faso

1Pan African University Institute of Water and Energy Sciences Including Climate Change (PAUWES), B.P. 119 Pôle Chetouane, Tlemcen 13000, Algeria

2University of Kinshasa, Faculty of Oil, Gas and New Energies, B.P. 127 Kinshasa XI , Democratic Republic of the Congo

3International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2IE), 01 B.P. 594 Rue de la Science, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso

4 Yingli Namene Solar West Africa Ltd, 9335 KIA, Accra, Ghana

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Received: 28 Nov 2020; Revised: 25 Mar 2021; Accepted: 10 Apr 2021; Available online: 20 Apr 2021; Published: 1 Nov 2021.
Editor(s): H. Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Burkina Faso like many other African countries hosts many renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) projects that are not registered to the clean development mechanism (CDM), but which could represent potential CDM opportunities. This study seeks to determine these projects’ impact on the level of CO2 emissions in the country, and to determine their CDM potential by quantifying their carbon emissions reduction, using approved CDM methodologies adapted to the projects. 21 RE projects and 7 EE projects were considered, and all proven to be additional. Results revealed that, 68709.424 MWh and 9430.446MWh were saved and displaced by the EE and RE projects respectively annually, accounting for 48157.668 tCO2e emissions reduced annually. This accounts for a 63.12% emissions reduction from the baseline scenario and represents a huge potential for the CDM, ready to be harnessed. The total amount of emissions reduced could generate about 48157.668 Certified Emissions Reduction (CERs) yearly. Considering a carbon price of $10/tCO2e and a 10-year fixed crediting period starting from 2020 would imply a total revenue of $4815766.8 in 2030 from the CERs , which will increase the sector’s attractiveness to investors. Policies promoting the registration of these projects to the CDM are essential to boost the development of more of such projects in the country/ region, which will benefit from the sustainable development the CDM offers, while contributing to the achievement of its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions.
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Keywords: Africa; Burkina Faso; CDM; Certified emissions reduction; CO2 emissions reduction; Energy efficiency; Renewable energy; Sustainable development

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