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Experimental Study on Solar Heat Battery using Phase Change Materials for Parabolic Dish Collectors

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Chennai, India

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 98195, United States

3Department of Electrical Sustainable Energy, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 4, 2628 CD Delft, Netherlands

4 Department of Sustainable Energy, KTH University, Sweden

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Received: 8 May 2021; Revised: 20 Jun 2021; Accepted: 26 Jun 2021; Available online: 30 Jun 2021; Published: 1 Nov 2021.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract
Energy consumption has increased withthe population increase, and fossil fuel dependency has risen and causing pollutions. Solar energy is suitableto provide society's thermo-electric needs. Thermal energy storage-based concentrated solar receivers are aimed at store heat energy and transportable to the applications. Acavity receiver with two-phase change materials (PCM) is experimentally investigated using a parabolic dish collector to act as the solar heat battery. The selected PCMs are MgCl2.6H2O and KNO3-NaNO3. PCMs are chosen and placed as perthe temperature zones of the receiver. The outdoor test wasconductedto determine the conical receiver's storage performance using cascaded PCMs. The complete melting of PCM attainsat an average receiver surface temperature of 230°C. The complete melting of the PCM in the receiver took around 30 minutes at average radiation around 700 W/m2, and heat stored is approximately 5000 kJ. The estimated number of cavity receivers to be charged on a sunny day is about 10-15 according to the present design and selected PCMs, for later use
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Keywords: Solar energy; parabolic dish; thermal energy storage; heat battery; phase change material; cascaded PCM.

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