skip to main content

A Brief Study on the Implementation of Helical Cross-Flow Hydrokinetic Turbines for Small Scale Power Generation in the Indian SHP Sector

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education, Tamil Nadu, India

2Department of Fire Technology and Safety Engineering, Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education, Tamil Nadu, India

Received: 7 Mar 2022; Revised: 13 Apr 2022; Accepted: 16 Apr 2022; Available online: 25 Apr 2022; Published: 4 Aug 2022.
Editor(s): H. Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 The Authors. Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Abstract

This article addresses the simulation and experiments performed on a Gorlov Helical Turbine (GHT) by altering the index of revolution of its helical blades. Gorlov Helical Turbine is a hydrokinetic turbine that generates energy from the perennial/tidal source. The paper serves a two-fold purpose: parametric optimisation of Gorlov Helical Turbine with respect to the index of revolution and viability of installing the turbines in river creeks. Nine models of turbines with a diameter of 0.600 m and a height of 0.600 m were generated with different indices of revolution and then subjected to simulation studies. A significant rise in the output torque of the turbine was not observed with the various indices of revolution, even as the probability of finding a section at every azimuthal position is likely to rise. Gavasheli's solidity ratio formula was used to formulate an expression for the output power. The output power as per analytical formulation is 1.11 W, which is of the order of output power obtained through simulation (0.951 W). The studies suggest that 0.25 remains the optimum value for the index of revolution of the helical blades. A model with 0.25 as the index of revolution was fabricated and tested at a river creek. The results were found to agree with the simulations accounting for the losses. The study results could encourage setting up hydrokinetic turbines in river creeks, thereby increasing the grid capacity of SHPs in India.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Gorlov Helical Turbines (GHT); Index of revolution; Simulation; Experimentation; Turbulence Model; Optimization; Renewable energy;

Article Metrics:

  1. Akhatova, A., Kassymov, A., Kazmaganbetova, M., & Rojas-Solórzano, L. (2015). CFD simulation of the dispersion of exhaust gases in a traffic-loaded street of Astana, Kazakhstan. Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering, 9(2), 158–166. https://doi.org/10.4090/juee.2015.v9n2.158166
  2. Al-Dabbagh, M. A., & Yuce, M. I. (2019). Numerical evaluation of helical hydrokinetic turbines with different solidities under different flow conditions. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 16(8), 4001–4012. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-018-1987-1
  3. Al-Dabbagh, Mohammad A., & Yuce, M. I. (2018). Simulation and comparison of helical and straight-bladed hydrokinetic turbines. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 8(1), 504–513. https://www.ijrer.org/ijrer/index.php/ijrer/article/view/6697
  4. Anderson, J., Stelzenmuller, N., Hughes, B., Johnson, C., Taylor, B., Sutanto, L., Mcquaide, E., & Polagye, B. (2011). Design and Manufacture of a Cross-Flow Helical Tidal Turbine. http://depts.washington.edu/pmec/docs/20110615_ME495_report_Micropower.pdf
  5. Bachant, P., & Wosnik, M. (2011). Experimental investigation of helical cross-flow axis hydrokinetic turbines, including effects of waves and turbulence. Proceedings of the ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, 1–12. https://tethys.pnnl.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Bachant-and-Wosnik-2011.pdf
  6. Bachant, P., & Wosnik, M. (2015). Performance measurements of cylindrical- and spherical-helical cross-flow marine hydrokinetic turbines, with estimates of exergy efficiency. Renewable Energy, 74, 318–325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2014.07.049
  7. Berhanu, H., Gudeta, D., Haiter Lenin, A., & Karthikeyan, B. (2020). Numerical and experimental investigation of an exhaust air energy recovery Savonius wind turbine for power production. Materials Today: Proceedings, 46(9), 4142–4152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.02.675
  8. Camocardi, M., Marañon, J., Delnero, J., & Colman, J. (2011). Experimental Study of a Naca 4412 Airfoil With Movable Gurney Flap. 47(January), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2011-1309
  9. Chakka, M. (2016). Gorlov Helical Turbine and the process of Energy Generation Under graduate project report. Shiv Nadar University, India. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.2555.8642
  10. De Oliveira, B. L., & Sundnes, J. (2016). Comparison of tetrahedral and hexahedral meshes for finite element simulation of cardiac electro-mechanics. ECCOMAS Congress 2016 - Proceedings of the 7th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering, 1(June), 164–177. https://doi.org/10.7712/100016.1801.9193
  11. Driss, Z., Mlayeh, O., Driss, D., Maaloul, M., & Abid, M. S. (2014). Numerical simulation and experimental validation of the turbulent flow around a small incurved Savonius wind rotor. Energy, 74(C), 506–517. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2014.07.016
  12. Ghiasi, P., Najafi, G., Ghobadian, B., & Jafari, A. (2021). Analytical and numerical solution for H-type darrieus wind turbine performance at the tip speed ratio of below one. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 10(2), 269–281. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijred.2021.33169
  13. Gorlov, Alexander M. (1998). Helical Turbines for the Gulf Stream: Conceptual Approach to Design of a Large-Scale Floating Power Farm. Mar Technol SNAME N 35 175–182. https://doi.org/10.5957/mt1.1998.35.3.175
  14. Gorlov, A.M. (1995). The helical turbine: A new idea for low-head hydro. Hydro Review, 14
  15. Jayaram, V., & Bavanish, B. (2018). Viability study of implementing cross flow helical turbine for micropower generation in India. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 8(1), 274–279. https://doi.org/10.20508/ijrer.v8i1.6744.g7301
  16. Jayaram, V., & Bavanish, B. (2020). A brief review on the Gorlov helical turbine and its possible impact on power generation in India. Materials Today: Proceedings, 37(Part 2), 3343–3351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.09.203
  17. Kirke, B. K. (2011). Tests on ducted and bare helical and straight blade Darrieus hydrokinetic turbines. Renewable Energy, 36(11), 3013–3022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2011.03.036
  18. Kumar, R., Singal, S. K., Dwivedi, G., & Shukla, A. K. (2020). Development of maintenance cost correlation for high head run of river small hydro power plant. International Journal of Ambient Energy, 0(0), 1–38. https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2020.1804447
  19. Letchumanan, S. M., Tajul Arifin, A. M., Taib, I., Rahim, M. Z., & Nor Salim, N. A. (2021). Simulating the Optimization of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer as a Wrapping Structure on Piping System Using SolidWorks. Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention, 21(6), 2038–2063. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-021-01287-4
  20. Moffat, R. J. (1988). Describing the uncertainties in experimental results. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 1(1), 3–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/0894-1777(88)90043-X
  21. Mosbahi, M., Ayadi, A., Chouaibi, Y., Driss, Z., & Tucciarelli, T. (2020). Experimental and numerical investigation of the leading edge sweep angle effect on the performance of a delta blades hydrokinetic turbine. Renewable Energy, 162, 1087–1103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2020.08.105
  22. Mrigua, K., Toumi, A., Zemamou, M., Ouhmmou, B., Lahlou, Y., & Aggour, M. (2020). Cfd investigation of a new elliptical-bladed multistage savonius rotors. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 9(3), 383–392. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijred.2020.30286
  23. Mwaniki, G. R., Okok, M. O., & Oromat, E. (2019). Expanding access to clean energy in developing countries: The role of off-grid mini hydro power projects in Kenya. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 9(3), 1571–1577. https://doi.org/10.20508/ijrer.v9i3.9486.g7746
  24. Pongduang, S., Kayankannavee, C., & Tiaple, Y. (2015). Experimental Investigation of Helical Tidal Turbine Characteristics with Different Twists. In Energy Procedia (Vol. 79). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.11.511
  25. Pourrajabian, A., Dehghan, M., & Rahgozar, S. (2021). Genetic algorithms for the design and optimization of horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) blades: A continuous approach or a binary one? Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 44(September 2020), 101022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2021.101022
  26. Prabhu, L., Krishnamoorthi, S., Gokul, P., Sushan, N., Hisham Harshed, P. H., & Jose, A. (2020). Aerodynamics analysis of the car using solidworks flow simulation with rear spoiler using CFD. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 993(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/993/1/012002
  27. Price, M. A., & Armstrong, C. G. (1997). Hexahedral mesh generation by medial surface subdivision: Part ii. solids with flat and concave edges. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 40(1), 111–136. https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.1620381910
  28. Putra, Y. S., Noviani, E., & Muhardi, M. (2022). Numerical Study of The Effect of Penstock Dimensions on a Micro-hydro System using a Computational Fluid Dynamics Approach. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 11(2), 491–499. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijred.2022.42343
  29. Ragoth Singh, R., & Nataraj, M. (2014). Design and analysis of pump impeller using SWFS. World Journal of Modelling and Simulation, 10(2), 152–160. http://www.worldacademicunion.com/journal/17467233WJMS/wjmsvol10no02paper08.pdf
  30. Rezaeiha, A., Kalkman, I., & Blocken, B. (2017). CFD simulation of a vertical axis wind turbine operating at a moderate tip speed ratio: Guidelines for minimum domain size and azimuthal increment. Renewable Energy, 107, 373–385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.02.006
  31. Salari, M. S., Boushehri, B. Z., & Boroushaki, M. (2018). Aerodynamic analysis of backward swept in hawt rotor blades using CFD. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 7(3), 241–249. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijred.7.3.241-249
  32. Saryazdi, S. M. E., & Boroushaki, M. (2018). 2D numerical simulation and sensitive analysis of H-darrieus wind turbine. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 7(1), 23–34. https://doi.org/10.14710/ijred.7.1.23-24
  33. Shashikumar, C.M., Honnasiddaiah, R., Hindasageri, V., & Madav, V. (2021a). Experimental and numerical investigation of novel V-shaped rotor for hydropower utilization. Ocean Engineering, 224, 108689. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.108689
  34. Shashikumar, C.M., Honnasiddaiah, R., Hindasageri, V., & Madav, V. (2021b). Studies on application of vertical axis hydro turbine for sustainable power generation in irrigation channels with different bed slopes. Renewable energy, 163(2021), 845-857. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2020.09.015
  35. Shashikumar, C.M., & Madav, V. (2021). Numerical and experimental investigation of modified V-shaped turbine blades for hydrokinetic energy generation. Renewable Energy, 177, 1170–1197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2021.05.086
  36. Shiono, M., Suzuki, K., & Kiho, S. (2002). Output Characteristics of Darrieus Water Turbine with Helical Blades for Tidal Current Generations. Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, 12, 859–864
  37. Sobachkin, A., & Dumnov, G. (2013). Numerical Basis of CAD-Embedded CFD. NAFEMS World Congress 2013, February, 1–20. https://www.solidworks.com/sw/docs/flow_basis_of_cad_embedded_cfd_whitepaper.pdf
  38. Supreeth, R., Arokkiaswamy, A., Raikar, N. J., & Prajwal, H. P. (2019). Experimental investigation of performance of a small-scale horizontal axis wind turbine rotor blade. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 9(4), 1983–1994. https://www.ijrer.org/ijrer/index.php/ijrer/article/download/9898/pdf
  39. Talukdar, P. K., Kulkarni, V., & Saha, U. K. (2018). Field-testing of model helical-bladed hydrokinetic turbines for small-scale power generation. Renewable Energy, 127, 158–167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.04.052
  40. Yagmur, S., Kose, F., & Dogan, S. (2021). A study on performance and flow characteristics of single and double H-type Darrieus turbine for a hydro farm application. Energy Conversion and Management, 245, 114599. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2021.114599
  41. Yun, Z., Kun, G. Y., Xiang, Z. L., Mao, X. T., & Kui, D. H. (2010). Torque model of hydro turbine with inner energy loss characteristics. Science China Technological Sciences, 53(10), 2826–2832. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-010-4098-x
  42. Zanette, J., Imbault, D., & Tourabi, A. (2010). A design methodology for cross flow water turbines. Renewable Energy, 35(5), 997–1009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2009.09.014
  43. Zhang, A., Liu, S., Ma, Y., Hu, C., & Li, Z. (2022). Field tests on model efficiency of twin vertical axis helical hydrokinetic turbines. Energy, 247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2022.123376

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.