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Effects of Injection Strategies on Mixture Formation and Combustion in a Spark-Ignition Engine Fueled with Syngas-Biogas-Hydrogen

1Faculty of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology-The University of Danang, Danang, Viet Nam

2Faculty of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, University of Science and Technology-The University of Danang, Danang, Viet Nam

Received: 15 Jul 2022; Revised: 20 Sep 2022; Accepted: 25 Oct 2022; Available online: 9 Nov 2022; Published: 1 Jan 2023.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

The paper presents the effects of blend injection and dual injection strategies on mixture formation and combustion of syngas-biogas-hydrogen fueling engine working in the solar-biomass hybrid renewable energy system. The research was performed by simulation method on a retrofitted Honda GX200 spark-ignition engine. The results show that at the end of the compression process, in the case of blend injection of 50% syngas-50% biogas, the fuel-rich zone was positioned on the top of the combustion chamber, whereas in the case of dual injection, this zone was found on the top of the piston. In the case of 50% syngas-50% hydrogen supplied, at the end of the compression process, the fuel-rich area observed on the top of the piston with slightly deflected towards the inlet port in both cases of blend and dual injection. When shifting from blend injection mode to dual injection mode, in the case of 50% syngas-50% biogas fueling engine, the mean temperature of the exhaust gas decreased from 1208 K to 1161 K and the NOx concentration decreased from 1919 ppm to 1288 ppm. In the case of a 50% syngas-50% hydrogen fueling engine, the mean exhaust gas temperature decreases from 1283 K to 1187 K leading to a decrease in NOx concentration from 3268 ppm to 2231 ppm. The dual injection has the advantage of lower NOx emission, whereas the blend injection has the advantage of higher efficiency

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Keywords: Hybrid renewable energy system; Biogas; Syngas; Hydrogen; Gaseous SI engine

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