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The Various Designs of Storage Solar Collectors: A Review

1Unit of Renewable Energy, Northern Technical University, Iraq

2College of Technical Engineer, Al-Kitab University, Iraq

3Al-Hawija Agriculture Office, Ministry of Agriculture, Iraq

4 Computer System Techniques, Technical institute-Kirkuk, Northern Technical University, Iraq

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Received: 26 Apr 2022; Revised: 16 Oct 2022; Accepted: 4 Dec 2022; Available online: 10 Dec 2022; Published: 1 Jan 2023.
Editor(s): Grigorios Kyriakopoulos
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

The use of solar energy to heat water is the more critical application of solar energy. Researchers are trying to develop different methods to improve the efficiency of solar water heaters to meet the increasing demand for hot water due to global population growth. To reduce the cost and increase the efficiency of solar heaters, the solar collector and the storage tank are combined into one part, and this system is called solar storage collector. It can be defined as geometric shapes filled with water, painted black, and placed under the influence of sunlight to gain the largest amount of solar energy. This article presents the various designs of solar storage collector. This review showed that design variables and design shape significantly affect the efficiency of the solar heating system. Climate and operational factors also have a strong influence on the performance of solar heating. Furthermore, scientists and researchers have also used nanotechnology, solar cells, and mirrors to improve other stored solar collectors' performance. Finally, recently published articles indicate an increase in interest in improving the efficiency of solar storage collector by creating new designs that enhance the economic and practical viability.

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Keywords: Designs; Storage solar collectors; Solar energy; Solar heating system

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