skip to main content

Comparative analysis of filterability behavior of B30 and B40 biodiesel blends on various porosity and dimension of fuel filter

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, 16424 Depok, West Java, Indonesia

2Department of Product Application Technology, Research and Development Centre for Oil and Gas Technology (LEMIGAS), 12230 South Jakarta, Indonesia

Received: 1 Mar 2023; Revised: 30 May 2023; Accepted: 20 Jun 2023; Available online: 2 Jul 2023; Published: 15 Jul 2023.
Editor(s): Rock Keey Liew
Open Access Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:

This report is focused on comparative analysis of the impact of using biodiesel blends containing more than 30% biodiesel in diesel engine filtration systems. The objective of this study is to support the sustainability of the mandatory biodiesel utilization program by more than 30%. To evaluate filterability behavior of high-percentage biodiesel blends, namely B30 and B40 (30 and 40%-vol biodiesel on diesel fuel), the study employed the ASTM D 2068 Filter Blocking Tendency (FBT). After filter rig test, fuel filter pressure was also evaluated using the JIS 1617 standard method. It is important to note that fuel filter plays an important role in removing contaminants from fuel, and, hence, the effect of the difference in filter porosity needs to be observed with pressure difference across fuel filter monitored at the flow rate (0.03 m3/h and fuel temperature (15 ⁰C and 25 ⁰C). Furthermore, the effect of changes in temperature and surface morphology on the characteristics of filter was observed in this study. Based on FBT analysis, a polynomial regression (R2 > 0.98) was used to describe the relationship between FBT value and the effect of biodiesel blends on filterability. It was concluded that the temperature, monoglyceride content, and FAME concentration in the diesel fuel influenced their FBT. However, the rise in waxy particles at 15oC (near Cloud Point) could result in a more significant average pressure drop than at 25C (ambient temperature). It was also found that a higher biodiesel mixture potentially results in a higher-pressure difference due to the lower fuel temperature and the formation of waxy contaminants that can clog filter.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Filterability Study; B40 Biodiesel Blends; Filter Blocking Tendency; Filter Rig Test; Pressure Drop

Article Metrics:

  1. Alleman, T. L., McCormick, R. L., Christensen, E. D., Fioroni, G., Moriarty, K., & Yanowitz, J. (2016). Biodiesel handling and use guide (No. NREL/BK-5400-66521; DOE/GO-102016-4875). National Renewable Energy Lab.(NREL), Golden, CO (United States).
  2. Cardeño, F., Lapuerta, M., Rios, L., & Agudelo, J. R. (2020). Reconsideration of regulated contamination limits to improve filterability of biodiesel and blends with diesel fuels. Renewable Energy, 159, 1243-1251.
  3. Chupka, G. M., Fouts, L., & McCormick, R. L. (2012). Effect of low-level impurities on low-temperature performance properties of biodiesel. Energy & Environmental Science, 5(9), 8734-8742.
  4. Dey, S., Reang, N. M., Das, P. K., & Deb, M. (2021). A comprehensive study on prospects of economy, environment, and efficiency of palm oil biodiesel as a renewable fuel. Journal of cleaner production, 286, 124981.
  5. Doan, Q. B., Nguyen, X. P., Dong, T. M. H., Pham, M. T., & Le, T. S. (2022). Performance and emission characteristics of diesel engine using ether additives: A review. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 11(1), 255-274
  7. Fathurrahman, N. A., Nasikin, M., Yulizar, Y., & Khalil, M. (2022). Thermodynamic study on the prevention of B30 biodiesel wax crystallization by γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles and sorbitan monooleate. Fuel, 314, 123144.
  8. Fathurrahman, N. A., Wibowo, C. S., Nasikin, M., & Khalil, M. (2021). Optimization of sorbitan monooleate and γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles as cold-flow improver in B30 biodiesel blend using response surface methodology (RSM). Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 99, 271-281.
  9. Fersner, A. S., & Galante-Fox, J. M. (2014). Biodiesel feedstock and contaminant contributions to diesel fuel filter blocking. SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 7(3), 783-791.
  10. Ghaizani, M. A., Abdurrosyid, I., Paryanto, I., & Gozan, M. (2018). Monostearin effects on the formation of precipitate in palm oil biodiesel and petroleum diesel blends with various storage temperature. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 52, p. 00026). EDP Sciences.
  11. Gopalan, K., Chuck, C. J., Roy-Smith, C., & Bannister, C. D. (2019). Assessing the impact of FAME and diesel fuel composition on stability and vehicle filter blocking. SAE International Journal of Advances and Current Practices in Mobility, 1(2019-01-0049), 284-290."
  12. Hoekman, S. K., Broch, A., Robbins, C., Ceniceros, E., & Natarajan, M. (2012). Review of biodiesel composition, properties, and specifications. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, 16(1), 143-169.
  13. Joshi, R. M., & Pegg, M. J. (2007). Flow properties of biodiesel fuel blends at low temperatures. Fuel, 86(1-2), 143-151.
  14. Kharina, A., Malins, C., & Searle, S. (2016). Biofuels policy in Indonesia: Overview and status report. Washington DC, USA: International Council on Clean Transportation.
  15. Kim, K., Xiao, K., Kittelson, D. B., & Pui, D. Y. (2014). Pressure drop hysteresis effect on biodiesel filtration. Fuel, 115, 629-635.
  16. Komariah, L. N., Hadiah, F., Aprianjaya, F., & Nevriadi, F. (2018, September). Biodiesel effects on fuel filter; assessment of clogging characteristics. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1095, No. 1, p. 012017). IOP Publishing.
  17. Kumar, A. N., Kishore, P. S., Raju, K. B., Kasianantham, N., & Bragadeshwaran, A. (2019). Engine parameter optimization of palm oil biodiesel as alternate fuel in CI engine. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26, 6652-6676.
  18. Mejía, A., Leiva, M., Rincón-Montenegro, A., Gonzalez-Quiroga, A., & Duarte-Forero, J. (2020). Experimental assessment of emissions maps of a single-cylinder compression ignition engine powered by diesel and palm oil biodiesel-diesel fuel blends. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 19, 100613.
  19. Nguyen, X. P., & Vu, H. N. (2019). Corrosion of the metal parts of diesel engines in biodiesel-based fuels. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 8(2), 119.
  20. Norrman, J., Solberg, A., Sjoblom, J., & Paso, K. (2016). Nanoparticles for waxy crudes: effect of polymer coverage and the effect on wax crystallization. Energy & Fuels, 30(6), 5108-5114.
  21. Paryanto, I., Budianta, I. A., Alifia, K. C. H., Hidayatullah, I. M., Darmawan, M. A., Judistira, & Gozan, M. (2022). Modelling of Fuel Filter Clogging of B20 Fuel Based on the Precipitate Measurement and Filter Blocking Test. ChemEngineering, 6(6), 84.
  22. Paryanto, I., Prakoso, T., Suyono, E. A., & Gozan, M. (2019). Determination of the upper limit of monoglyceride content in biodiesel for B30 implementation based on the measurement of the precipitate in a Biodiesel–Petrodiesel fuel blend (BXX). Fuel, 258, 116104.
  23. Plata, V., Gauthier-Maradei, P., Romero-Bohórquez, A. R., Kafarov, V., & Castillo, E. (2015). Characterization of insoluble material isolated from Colombian palm oil biodiesel. Biomass and Bioenergy, 74, 6-14.
  24. Reif, K. (2014). Diesel engine management. Berlin: Springer Vieweg.
  25. Stępień, Z. (2019). The influence of particulate contamination in diesel fuel on the damage to fuel injection systems. Combustion Engines, 58.
  26. Su, B., Wang, L., Xue, Y., Yan, J., Dong, Z., Lin, H., & Han, S. (2021). Effect of Pour Point Depressants Combined with Dispersants on the Cold Flow Properties of Biodiesel‐Diesel Blends. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 98(2), 163-172.
  27. Tang, H., Salley, S. O., & Ng, K. S. (2008). Fuel properties and precipitate formation at low temperature in soy-, cottonseed-, and poultry fat-based biodiesel blends. Fuel, 87(13-14), 3006-3017.
  28. Thangamani, S., Sundaresan, S. N., Barawkar, V. T., & Jeyaseelan, T. (2021). Impact of biodiesel and diesel blends on the fuel filter: A combined experimental and simulation study. Energy, 227, 120526.
  29. Tran, V. D., Le, A. T., & Hoang, A. T. (2021). An experimental study on the performance characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with ULSD-biodiesel blends. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 10(2), 183.
  30. Van Gerpen, J. (2015). Cold soak filtration test. Biodiesel TechNotes are published by the National Biodiesel Education Program at the University of Idaho, Issue TN, 19.
  31. Van Hoed, V., Zyaykina, N., De Greyt, W., Maes, J., Verhé, R., & Demeestere, K. (2008). Identification and occurrence of steryl glucosides in palm and soy biodiesel. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 85(8), 701.
  32. Verma, P., Sharma, M. P., & Dwivedi, G. (2016). Evaluation and enhancement of cold flow properties of palm oil and its biodiesel. Energy Reports, 2, 8-13.
  33. Vora, R., Kadam, V., & Thangaraja, J. (2020). Experimental investigation on the filtration characteristics of a commercial diesel filter operated with raw and processed karanja-diesel blends. Sādhanā, 45, 1-8.
  34. Yang, F., Paso, K., Norrman, J., Li, C., Oschmann, H., & Sjoblom, J. (2015). Hydrophilic nanoparticles facilitate wax inhibition. Energy & Fuels, 29(3), 1368-1374.

Last update:

  1. Role of Green Logistics in the Construction of Sustainable Supply Chains

    Nguyen Dang Khoa Pham, Gia Huy Dinh, Hoang Thai Pham, Janusz Kozak, Hoang Phuong Nguyen. Polish Maritime Research, 30 (3), 2023. doi: 10.2478/pomr-2023-0052

Last update: 2023-11-29 21:19:36

No citation recorded.