skip to main content

Synthesis of Trimethylolpropane Esters of Calophyllum Methyl Esters : Effect of Temperature and Molar Ratio

1Department of Chemical Engineering , Indonesia

2Jayabaya University, Indonesia

3Departemen of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agriculture Engineering and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia, Indonesia

Published: 15 Oct 2014.

Citation Format:

Trimethylolpropane esters were synthesized by transesterification of calophyllum methyl esters and trimethylolpropane using a calcium oxide as the catalyst. The results showed that the optimal reaction conditions (temperature: 130 0C, reaction time: 5 h, reactant molar ratio: 3.9:1, catalyst amount 3%w/w, and formed  trimethylolpropane ester of 79.0% were obtained. The basic physicochemical properties of the trimethylolpropane esters were the following : kinematic viscosities of 56.40 cSt and 8.8 cSt at 40 0C and 100 0C,  viscosity index 193, flash point 218 0C and pour point -3 0C. So Methyl esters of fatty acids of would callophylum  methyl ester is good raw material for the synthesis of lubricating oils.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: callophylum methyl ester, transesterification; calcium oxide; trimethylolpropane esters

Article Metrics:

  1. Castro, W., Perez, J.M., Erhan, S.Z., Caputo, F. (2006) A study of the oxidation and wear properties of vegetable oils: soybean oil without additives. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 83, 47–52
  2. Doll, K.M., Sharma, B.K., Erhan, S.Z. (2007) Synthesis of branched methyl hydroxyl strearates including an ester from bio-based levulinic acid. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 46, 3513–3519
  3. Lathi, S.P. & Mattiason, B. (2006) Green Approach for the Preparation of Biodegradable Lubricant Base Stock from Epoxidized Vegetable Oil. Journal of Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 69: 207-212
  4. Leung, D.Y.C., Wu, X., Leung, M.K.H. (2010) A review of biodiesel production usingcatalyzed transesterification. Appl. Energy 87, 1083–1095
  5. Gryglewicz, S., Piechocki, W., Gryglewicz, G. (2003) Preparation of polyol esters based on vegetable and animal fats. Bioresour. Technol. 87, 35–39
  6. Phani K. Sripada, Rajesh V. Sharma, Ajay K. Dalai. (2013) Comparative study of tribological properties oftrimethylolpropane-based biolubricants derived frommethyl oleate and canola biodiesel, Journal Industrial Crops and Products 50, 95– 103
  7. Salimon J, N. Salih, E. Yousif (2010) Improvement of pour point and oxidative stability of synthetic ester basestocks for biolubricant applications, Arab. J. Chem. 5, 193–200
  8. Metzger, J.O. (2009) Fats and oils as renewable feedstock for chemistry. Eur. Lipid Sci. Technol. 111, 865–876
  9. Nagendramma, P., Kaul, S. (2012) Development of ecofriendly/biodegradable lubri-cants: an overview. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 16, 764–774
  10. Uosukainen, E., Linko, Y.-Y., Lamsa, M., Tervakangas, T., Linko, P. (1998) Transesterifi-cation of trimethylolpropane and rapeseed oil methyl ester to environmentallyacceptable lubricants. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 75, 1557–1563
  11. Willing A. (2001) Lubricants based on renewable resources – an environmentally compatible alternative to mineral oil products. Chemosphere ;43:89–98
  12. Robiah, Y., Fakhru’l-Razi, A., Ooi, T.L., Iyuke, S.E dan Idris, A. 2003a. Development of Optimum Synthesis Method for Transesterification of Palm Oil Methyl Esters and Trimethylolpropane to Environmentally Acceptable Palm Oil- Based Lubricant. Journal of Oil Palm Research 15 (2): 35-41
  13. Robiah, Y., Fakhru’l-Razi, A., Ooi, T.L., Iyuke, S.E dan Idris, A. 2003b. Preparation and Characterization of Trimethylolpropane Esters from Palm Kernel Methyl Esters. Journal of Oil Palm Research 15 (2): 42-49

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.