Estimasi Emisi Partikulat (PM10) akibat Ragam Aktivitas Urban di Kota Surakarta

*Prabang Setyono  -  Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
Widhi Himawan  -  Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
Natasha Nancy  -  Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
Received: 9 Oct 2020; Published: 30 Nov 2020.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jil.18.3.556-564 View
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Abstract

Pelaksanaan inventarisasi emisi PM10 di Surakarta bertujuan mengetahui nilai emisi tahunan PM10 dan sebaran kontributornya pada aktivitas masyarakat. Metode pengumpulan data dilakukan secara bottom up pada tahun 2014 terhadap tiga sumber utama emisi yaitu : sumber area, sumber titik dan sumber bergerak serta top down pada tahun 2019. Perhitungan emisi menggunakan formula baku emisi dengan faktor emisi berdasarkan EMEP/EEA Corinair. Khusus untuk transportasi pada ruas jalan utama, data bottom up dianalisis menggunakan software Mobilev 3.0. Hasil inventarisasi emisi PM10 menemukan nilai emisi total di Surakarta sebesar 220,20 ton/tahun. Nilai tersebut mayoritas dikontribusikan oleh sumber bergerak senilai 122,25 ton/tahun (55%), diikuti oleh sumber area (39%) dan sumber titik (6%). Nilai tersebut menurun menjadi 182,61 ton/tahun pada inventarisasi berbasis data top down tahun 2019. Transportasi menjadi kontributor utama emisi PM10 di wilayah administratif Surakarta pada inventarisasi tahun 2014 maupun 2019. Penelitian ini menunjukkan nilai penting penggunaan data bottom up untuk menurunkan ketidakpastian pada estimasi sekaligus meningkatkan validitas dan reliabilitas mitigasi. Penggunaan data bottom up menyediakan akses ke sumber emisi penting yang kerap tidak terdokumentasi oleh data sekunder seperti konsumsi bahan bakar kayu dan arang untuk industri dan kuliner jalan raya.

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Keywords: Emisi, Urban, Partikulat (PM10), Surakarta

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