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Peran Ekokardiografi dalam Intensive Care Unit

1SMF Kardiologi dan Kedokteran Vaskuler, Rumah Sakit Pusat Pertamina Jakarta, Indonesia

2Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof Dr Hamka Tangerang Banten, Indonesia

3Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Indonesia

Published: 31 Jul 2022.

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Abstract

Critical care echocardiography (CCE) adalah alat pencitraan non-invasif samping tempat tidur yang dapat memberikan manfaat pada perawatan intensif karena portabilitas, ketersediaan luas, dan kemampuan diagnostik yang cepat. Dokter yang telah mendapatkan pelatihan dasar ekokardiografi, baik dokter unit perawatan intensif atau unit gawat darurat, dapat menilai fungsi ventrikel kiri dengan akurasi yang baik. CCE dapat digunakan untuk mengevaluasi fungsi jantung karena dapat mengenali kelainan dinding regional secara instan. Pengenalan cepat seperti ini dapat mendorong kecepatan intervensi yang berpotensi mengurangi angka kematian. Pasien dengan kelainan pada ekokardiografi memiliki kecenderungan gangguan yang signifikan dalam kelangsungan hidup di ICU. Ekokardiografi transtorakal dan transesofageal adalah pemeriksaan penting di unit perawatan intensif (ICU). Alat ini dapat digunakan untuk mendiagnosis patologi jantung akut dan menilai status hemodinamik. Tinjauan pustaka ini bertujuan untuk menyoroti peran penting CCE dalam pengambilan keputusan klinis.

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Keywords: diagnosis; ekokardiografi; perawatan kritis; perawatan intensif; monitoring

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