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Blok Parasternal pada Koreksi Tetrallogy of Fallot

1Laboratorium Anestesiologi dan Terapi Intensif, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Mulawarman Samarinda, Indonesia

2SMF Anestesi dan Perawatan Intensif Pascabedah, Rumah Sakit Jantung dan Pembuluh Darah Harapan Kita Jakarta, Indonesia

Published: 31 Jul 2022.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Opioid dosis tinggi selama pembedahan jantung berhubungan dengan waktu intubasi yang memanjang dan mengakibatkan peningkatan lama perawatan, mobiditas dan tingkat mortalitas. Anestesi regional dan neuraxial telah digunakan untuk tatalaksana nyeri untuk mengurangi dosis opioid. Teknik terbaru seperti blok parasternal, pectoral dan erector spinae telah dikembangkan untuk meminimalisir komplikasi dari anestesi regional.

Kasus: Kami melakukan blok parasternal pada gadis berusia 10 tahun yang menjalani prosedur koreksi tetrallogy of fallot. Hasil laboratorium dalam batas normal. Status fisik ASA adalah 4 dengan penyakit jantung bawaan sianotik. Opioid hanya digunakan saat induksi. Injeksi bilateral dari bupivacaine 0,25% ditambah epinephrine 1:200000 dengan total volume 40 ml diberikan masing-masing 20 ml pra insisi.

Pembahasan: Hemodinamik pasien stabil selama pembedahan tanpa tanda-tanda respons terhadap nyeri. Tidak ada penambahan dosis opioid selama pembedahan. Pasien di ekstubasi pada saat pembedahan selesai.

Kesimpulan: Blok parasternal efektif sebagai adjuvan pembiusan umum pada pembedahan jantung. Teknik ini memfasilitasi penurunan dosis opioid yang membantu pasien untuk bisa di ekstubasi lebih dini.

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