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Double Whammy Cases of Severe Mitral Stenosis in Peripartum: A Survival Case Series

1Department of Cardiology and Vascular, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro/Dr. Kariadi General Hospital, Semarang, Indonesia

2Department of Obstetrics-gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro/Dr. Kariadi General Hospital, Semarang, Indonesia

Received: 27 Aug 2023; Revised: 30 Nov 2023; Accepted: 30 Nov 2023; Available online: 30 Nov 2023; Published: 30 Nov 2023.

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Background: Valvular heart disease in pregnancy is still not widely studied. The combination of mitral stenosis and the physiology of pregnancy for both mother and fetus often result in poor hemodynamics, and management during labor and peripartum period greatly determines the prognosis of both lives.

Case: A 42 years old G3P2A0 (Case A) and A 33 years old G3P1A1 (Case B) both had a history of previous SC labor, presented worsening shortness of breath since 2nd trimester, coughing and swelling in both legs, also unable to rest in a flat position. especially, case B was frequent re-hospitalized with prolonged LOS during 2nd – the 3rd trimester due to acute lung edema. We found a mid-diastolic murmur grade II/IV at the apex. Electrocardiography (ECG) of case A: sinus rhythm, left atrial enlargement (LAE), while case B: AF rapid response. The echocardiography of case A revealed severe MS, while case B revealed severe MS, moderate tricuspid regurgitation and, a high probability for PH. Those findings support the diagnosis of severe mitral stenosis and rheumatic heart disease in pregnancy, then they were programmed to do balloon mitral valvuloplasty (BMV) in 3rd trimester.

Discussion: The BMV was performed, and succeeded in case A reducing the mitral valve pressure gradient (MV PG) from 24.7mmHg to 12.1mmHg by using local anesthesia along the procedure, while in case B specifically done BMV with general anesthesia due to supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and pulmonal congestive during procedure, reducing the MV PG from 17.7mmHg to 8.6mmHg, as well as improvement in symptoms, up to pregnancy was terminated as obstetric indication by SC on 36-37 weeks' gestation in both cases. The baby born was healthy with weights of each case 2340gr and 2630gr.

Conclusion: Mitral stenosis in the peripartum needs to be managed by interprofessional collaboration properly, to decrease the risk of morbidity and mortality for the mother and fetus.

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Keywords: anesthesia agent; balloon mitral valvuloplasty; mitral stenosis; peripartum; pregnancy

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