Hubungan jenis kelamin, status gizi, konsumsi susu dan olahannya dengan kadar asam urat pada lansia

*Anugrah Novianti -  Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Esa Unggul, Indonesia
Eriliyabuduni Ulfi -  Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Esa Unggul, Indonesia
Lilik Sri Hartati -  Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Esa Unggul, Indonesia
Received: 1 Mar 2019; Published: 14 Jun 2019.
Open Access
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Language: EN
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Abstract

Background: The prevalence of gout increased based on age, highest at age 70-79 years 9.3%, age 60-69 years 8%, age 50-59 years 3.7%, and age 40-49 years 3.3%. Meanwhile, based on gender, the prevalence of gout diagnosed with health workers was higher in women at 13.4% compared to men 10.3%. Overweight and obesity can trigger an increase in uric acid levels, so it is one of a risk factor for hyperuricemia. Various high protein and purine foods have long been considered a risk factor for gout. Similarly, the possibility that consumption of dairy products especially cow's milk has a role in protecting the risk of gout based on the results of metabolic studies.

Objective: To determined the relationship of sex, body mass index (BMI), dairy products consumption and uric acid levels of the elderly in Cipondoh Sub-District Tangerang.

Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design. Research participants were collected by using purposive sampling. Primary data consisted of respondent characteristics, dairy products consumption, BMI, and uric acid levels.

Results: The results of this research have shown there was a correlation between BMI and uric acid level p = 0.007, dairy products consumption and uric acid level p = 0.0001, but there was no correlation between sex and uric acid level p = 0.204 in the elderly at Cipondoh Sub-District Tangerang.

Conclusion: There was a correlation between BMI, dairy products consumption with uric acid levels of the elderly in Cipondoh Sub-District Tangerang.

Keywords
uric acid; nutritional status; dairy product; elderly

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