skip to main content

Associations of Individual Characteristics and Nutritional Status with Hypertension in Adults

*Hoirun Nisa orcid scopus  -  Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medical Science, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Indonesia
Safira Hani Pratiwi  -  Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Medical Science, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Indonesia
Erlina Nasution  -  Poltekkes Kemenkes Medan, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a significant health problem and a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The prevalence of hypertension in adults continues to increase at a global and national level. Information regarding determinants of hypertension is critical for preventive measures, especially in adults. This study examined the associations of individual characteristics and nutritional status with hypertension in adults in East Ciputat, South Tangerang.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted to 400 adults aged ≥35 years old. Data on their blood pressure and nutritional status (body mass index) were obtained by measurement, and data on individual characteristics, food consumption, and lifestyle were collected through an interview using a structured questionnaire. A multivariate analysis was performed using a logistic regression test.

Results: The proportion of hypertension was 54%. The multivariate analysis results showed that older age, low education level, a family history of hypertension, overweight/obese status, and consumption of sweet foods for >3 times/week increased the risk of hypertension (Odds Ratio 2.37-11.28). In conclusion, people aged ≥65 years were at the greatest risk of hypertension. This study highlights the importance of increasing health promotion on the modifiable risk factors of hypertension such as food consumption patterns, weight control, and knowledge about hypertension.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Hypertension; Determinants; Nutritional status; Adults.

Article Metrics:

  1. WHO. Hypertension. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension-. Published 2019. Accessed September 30, 2019
  2. Kemenkes RI. Laporan Nasional Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) Indonesia Tahun 2018. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan RI; 2019
  3. Kemenkes RI. RISKESDAS 2013 Provinsi Banten. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2013
  4. Kemenkes RI. Laporan Riskesdas 2018 Provinsi Banten. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (LPB) Kementrian Kesehatan RI; 2019
  5. Singh S, Shankar R, Singh GP. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Hypertension: A Cross-Sectional Study in Urban Varanasi. Int J Hypertens. 2017;2017. doi: 10.1155/2017/5491838
  6. Shukuri A, Tewelde T, Shaweno T. Prevalence of old age hypertension and associated factors among older adults in rural Ethiopia. Integr Blood Press Control. 2019;12:23-31. doi: 10.2147/ibpc.s212821
  7. Pradono J, Indrawati L, Murnawan T. Permasalahan Dan Faktor Risiko Yang Berhubungan Dengan Terjadinya Hipertensi Di Kabupaten Bogor Prov. Jawa Barat. Bul Penelit Kesehat. 2013;41(2):61-71
  8. Iswahyuni S. Hubungan Antara Aktifitas Fisik Dan Hipertensi Pada Lansia. Profesi (Profesional Islam Media Publ Penelit. 2017;14(2):1. doi: 10.26576/profesi.155
  9. Lelong H, Galan P, Kesse-Guyot E, Fezeu L, Hercberg S, Blacher J. Relationship between nutrition and blood pressure: A cross-sectional analysis from the Nutrinet-santé study, a French web-based cohort study. Am J Hypertens. 2015;28(3):362-371. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpu164
  10. Cherfan M, Vallée A, Kab S, et al. Unhealthy behavior and risk of hypertension: The CONSTANCES population-based cohort. J Hypertens. 2019;37(11):2180-2189. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000002157
  11. Zhang H, Zhao X, Li Y, Mao Z, Huo W, Jiang J. Night Sleep Duration and Sleep Initiation Time with Hypertension in Chinese Rural Population : The Henan Rural Cohort. Eur J Public Health. 2019;0(0):1-7. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckz142
  12. Wang H, Zee P, Reid K, et al. Gender-Specific Association of Sleep Duration with Blood Pressure in Rural Chinese Adults. Sleep Med. 2011;12(7):693-699. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2010.12.019
  13. BPS Tangsel. Kota Tangerang Selatan Dalam Angka 2019. Tangerang Selatan: Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Tangerang Selatan; 2019
  14. Nisa H. Sosial Jetlag Pada Orang Dewasa Dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Kejadian Sindrom Metabolik. Laporan Hasil Penelitian Terapan dan Pengembangan Nasional Tahun 2019. Pusat Penelitian dan Penerbitan (Puslitpen) LP2M UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta; 2019
  15. World Health Organization. WHO STEPS Instrument (Core and Expanded). https://www.who.int/ncds/surveillance/steps/instrument/STEPS_Instrument_V3.1.pdf
  16. US Department of Health and Human Service. JNC 7 Express: Seventh Report of The Joint National Comittee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. NIH Publication; 2003
  17. Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjöström M, et al. International Physical Activity Questionnaire: 12-Country Reliability and Validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(8):1381-1395. doi: 10.1249/01.MSS.0000078924.61453.FB
  18. Social and Economical Well-Being. The Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS). RAND. https://www.rand.org/well-being/social-and-behavioral-policy/data/FLS/IFLS.html. Accessed November 23, 2020
  19. IPAQ. International Physical Activity Questionnare (IPAQ) Scoring Protocol. https://sites.google.com/site/theipaq/scoring-protocol. Published 2005
  20. Kemenkes RI. Klasifikasi Obesitas setelah Pengukuran IMT. http://p2ptm.kemkes.go.id/infographic-p2ptm/obesitas/klasifikasi-obesitas-setelah-pengukuran-imt. Published 2018. Accessed October 13, 2019
  21. Susi, Hiswani, Jemadi. Faktor Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Hipertensi Pada Lansia Usia Pertengahan Di Desa Belang Malum Kecamatan Sidikalang Kabupeten Dairi Tahun 2014. J Gizi, Kesehat Reproduksi dan Epidemiol. 2015;1(1)
  22. Siringoringo M, Hiswani, Jemadi. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Hipertensi Pada Lansia Di Desa Sigaol Simbolon Kabupaten Samosir Tahun 2013. J Gizi, Kesehat Reproduksi dan Epidemiol. 2013;2(6)
  23. Pinto E. Blood Pressure and Ageing. Postgr Med J. 2007;83:109-114. doi: 10.1136/pgmj.2006.048371
  24. Shen Y, Chang C, Zhang J, Jiang Y, Ni B, Wang Y. Prevalence and risk factors associated with hypertension and prehypertension in a working population at high altitude in China: A cross-sectional study. Environ Health Prev Med. 2017;22(1). doi: 10.1186/s12199-017-0634-7
  25. Dhungana RR, Pandey AR, Bista B, Joshi S, Devkota S. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Hypertension: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study in Municipalities of Kathmandu, Nepal. Int J Hypertens. 2016;2016. doi: 10.1155/2016/1656938
  26. Oshio T, Kan M. Educational Level as a Predictor of the Incidences of Non-Communicable Diseases Among Middle-Aged Japanese: A Hazards-Model Analysis. BMC Public Health. 2019;19(1):1-11. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7182-6
  27. Igarashi R, Fujihara K, Heianza Y, et al. Impact of individual components and their combinations within a family history of hypertension on the incidence of hypertension. Med (United States). 2016;95(38). doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000004564
  28. Mehta V. Addictive salt may not be solely responsible for causing hypertension: A sweet and fatty hypothesis. Hipertens y Riesgo Vasc. 2017;(xx):6-11. doi: 10.1016/j.hipert.2017.08.002
  29. Yerlikaya A, Dagel T, King C, et al. Dietary and commercialized fructose: Sweet or sour? Int Urol Nephrol. 2017:1-10. doi: 10.1007/s11255-017-1544-8
  30. Siregar PA, Fatimah S, Simanjuntak S, et al. Analisis Faktor Risiko Kejadian Hipertensi Masyarakat Pesisir Kota Medan (Aspek Sosial Budaya Masyarakat Pesisir). J Pembang Perkota. 2020;8(1):1-8
  31. Agustina R, Raharjo BB. Faktor Risiko Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Hipertensi Usia Produktif (25-54 Tahun). Unnes J Public Heal. 2015;4(4):146-158. doi: https://doi.org/10.15294/ujph.v4i4.9690
  32. Kartika LA, Afifah E, Suryani I. Asupan Lemak dan Aktivitas Fisik Serta Hubungannya dengan Kejadian Hipertensi Pada Pasien Rawat Jalan. J Gizi dan Diet Indones (Indonesian J Nutr Diet. 2016;4(3):139-146. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21927/ijnd.2016
  33. Tee SR, Teoh XY, Abdul W, et al. The Prevalence Of Hypertension And Its Associated Risk Factors In Two Rural Communities In Penang, Malaysia. Int e-Journal Sci Med Educ. 2010;4(2):27-40
  34. Diaz KM, Booth JN, Seals SR, et al. Physical Activity and Incident Hypertension in African Americans: The Jackson Heart Study. Hypertension. 2017;69(3):421-427. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.116.08398
  35. Van Den Berg JF, Tulen JHM, Neven AK, et al. Sleep Duration and Hypertension Are Not Associated In The Elderly. Hypertension. 2007;50(3):585-589. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.107.092585
  36. Kemenkes RI. Petunjuk Teknis Pos Pembinaan Terpadu Penyakit Tidak Menular (Posbindu PTM). Jakarta: Ditjen Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan, Direktorat Pengendalian Penyakit Tidak Menular. Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2012

Last update:

  1. Individual Characteristics, Adherence, and Barriers to Medication Adherence of Hypertensive Patients at the Indonesia - Timor Leste Border

    Pius Almindu Leki Berek, Bambang Budi Siswanto, Dewi Irawati, Wisnu Jatmiko. Nurse Media Journal of Nursing, 12 (3), 2022. doi: 10.14710/nmjn.v12i3.46219

Last update: 2024-05-27 02:06:40

No citation recorded.