Konferensi Inter-Indonesia Tahun 1949: Wujud Konsensus Nasional antara Republik Indonesia dengan Bijeenkomst voor Federaal Overleg

*Widhi Setyo Putro  -  Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia, Indonesia
Received: 24 Jan 2018; Published: 31 Mar 2018.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Articles
Language: EN
Full Text:
Statistics: 1154 9321
Abstract
This article discusses the national consensus between the Republic of Indonesia (RI) and the Bijeenkomst voor Federaal Overleg (BFO) which embodied in the 1949 Inter-Indonesia Conference. Using conflict and consensus theory of Ralf Dahrendorf, this article seeks to understand the conflicts of interest background and the process towards a consensus between RI and BFO. The conflict between RI and BFO motivated by the Dutch aimed to control Indonesia. One of his efforts was to divide the Indonesian nation by forming states, which led to a conflict between the Republicans (Republicans) who supported the united state, and the federalists (BFO) in favor of the federal state. The study found that the Dutch federal policy was not entirely a success because the federalists which incorporated in BFO was not affected. The conflict between the Republican and federalists subsided with the implementation of the Goodwill Mission and the sending of the BFO Liaison Commission to meet Indonesian leaders detained after the Dutch Military Aggression II. The summit was a national consensus between RI and BFO, it embodied in the Inter-Indonesia Conference in 1949 which took placed at Yogyakarta and Jakarta. They reached a consensus by agreeing on fundamental issues as the identity of a sovereign state, such as the name of the country, Merah Putih as the official flag, Bahasa Indonesia as the official language, and the Indonesia Raya as the national anthem.
Keywords
Inter-Indonesia Conference; Consensus; Republicans; Federalists; BFO

Article Metrics:

  1. Agung, Ide Anak Agung Gde (1985). Dari Negara Indonesia Timur ke Republik Indonesia Serikat. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
  2. Agung, Ide Anak Agung Gde (1991). Renville. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.
  3. Agung, Ide Anak Agung Gde (1994). Pernyataan Rum-Van Roijen: 7 Mei 1949. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama.
  4. ANRI, “Arsip Kementerian Penerangan 1945-1949”, No. 232.
  5. ANRI, “Arsip Moh. Yamin”, No. 70.
  6. ANRI, “Arsip Sekretariat Negara 1945-1949”, No. 850, 855, 1035.
  7. Kahin, George McTurnan (1995). Nasionalisme dan Revolusi di Indonesia: Refleksi Pergumulan Lahirnya Republik. Surakarta: Sebelas Maret University Press.
  8. Lapian, A.B. dan P. J. Drooglever (ed.) (1992). Menelusuri Jalur Linggarjati: Diplomasi dalam Perspektif Sejarah. Jakarta: Pustaka Utama Grafiti.
  9. Leirissa, R. Z. (1985). Terwujudnya Suatu Gagasan: Sejarah Masyarakat Indonesia 1900-1950. Jakarta: Akademika Pressindo.
  10. Leirissa, R. Z. (2006). Kekuatan Ketiga Dalam Perjuangan Kemerdekaan Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Sejarah.
  11. Merdeka, 18 Juli 1949.
  12. Merdeka, 3 Agustus 1949.
  13. Mimbar Indonesia, 12 Maret 1949.
  14. Notosusanto, Nugroho (1978). Masalah Penelitian Sejarah Kontemporer. Jakarta: Idaya.
  15. Poesponegoro, Marwati Djoened dan N. Notosusanto (1993). Sejarah Nasional Indonesia Jilid VI. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.
  16. Ritzer, George dan D. J. Goodman (2008). Teori Sosiologi Modern. Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana.
  17. Roem, M. (1977). Suka Duka Berunding dengan Belanda. Jakarta: Yayasan Idayu.
  18. Sekretariat Negara RI (1981). 30 Tahun Indonesia Merdeka 1945-1975. Jakarta: Departemen Penerangan.
  19. Sekretariat Umum KMB (1949). Konperensi Medja Bundar: Kenyataan-Kenyataan dan Dokumen-Dokumen. s-Gravenhage.
  20. Soemarsono, S. (1978). Mohamad Roem 70 Tahun, Pejuang Perundingan. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.
  21. Tobing, K. M. L. (1986). Perjuangan Politik Bangsa Indonesia Renville. Jakarta: Gunung Agung.
  22. Vickers, A. (2013). History of Modern Indonesia. New York: Cambridge University Press.