skip to main content

Teknologi Garam Palung sebagai Warisan Sejarah Masyarakat Pesisir di Bali

*Yety Rochwulaningsih, M.Si. orcid scopus  -  Departemen Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Mahendra Pudji Utama  -  Departemen Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Singgih Tri Sulistiyono  -  Departemen Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Abstract
This article aims to discuss the existence of palung salt technology as a variant of traditional solar evaporation-based salt production technology. This technology is very typical and has been used for generations by salt farmers in Bali, especially at Amed in Karangasem, Tejakula in Buleleng, and Kusamba in Klungkung. Historical and sociological method is used in this research. Palung salt technology is a historical inheritance that still functions as a cultural memory and therefore becomes a pattern for the actions of salt farmers in the three petasikan until recent time. However, since the beginning of the 21st century the preservation of palung salt technology have been faced a serious threat as a result of the inclusion of new technologies in the salt production process and especially by the growing tourism industry in palung salt production area. But, there is the awareness of stakeholders who need to preserve the technology by conducting various activities. Although carried out in a fragmentary method, efforts to preserve palung salt technology have become a shared awareness among stakeholders in the salt economy in Bali.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Palung Salt; Historical Heritage; Tourism; Bali.

Article Metrics:

  1. Bogdan, Robert C. & Biklen Sari Knopp (1982). Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc
  2. Consuelo G. Sevilla et al. (1993). Pengantar Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia
  3. David Kaplan & Albert A. Manners (2000). Teori Budaya, terjemahan Landung Simatupang. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar
  4. Direktorat Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pesisir dan Pengembangan Usaha Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia (2011). Pemberdayaan Usaha Garam Rakyat. Jakarta: Direktorat Pember-dayaan Masyarakat Pesisir dan Pengem-bangan Usaha Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia
  5. Direktorat Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pesisir dan Pengembangan Usaha Direktorat Jenderal Kelautan, Pesisir dan Pulau-pulau kecil (KP3K) Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia (2012). “PUGAR Merenda Asa”. Semarang: Pusat Studi Asia Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro
  6. Gilmore, Harlan W. (1955). “Cultural Diffusion Via Salt”, American Anthropologist, Vol. 57 (5):1011-1015
  7. Kaplan, David dan Albert A. Maners (2000). Teori Budaya, terjemahan Landung Simatupang. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar
  8. Kurnianingsih, A. (2008). Simulacra Bali: Ambiguitas Tradisionalisasi Orang Bali. Yogyakarta: Insist Press
  9. Labadi, Sophia. 2013. UNESCO, Cultural Heritage, and Outstanding Universal Value: Value-based Analyses of the World Heritage and Intangible Cultural Heritage Conventions. Lanham: AltaMira Press
  10. Putra-Agung, Anak Agung Gde (2001). Peralihan Sistem Birokrasi dari Tradisional ke Kolonial. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar
  11. Rochwulalningsih, Yety (2012). Marjinalisasi Petani Garam Indonesia. Semarang: Madina Press
  12. Rochwulaningsih, Yety dan Mahendra P. Utama (2013). Tipologi Sosiokultural Petambak Garam di Indonesia, Jilid I. Semarang: Undip Press
  13. Rochwulaningsih, Yety (2013). Ekspansi Ekonomi Global pada Garam Rakyat. Semarang: Undip Press
  14. Rochwulaningsih, Yety (2017). Membongkar Ketidakadilan Struktural dalam Usaha Garam Rakyat melalui Perspektif Sosiologi Sejarah Guna Mewujudkan Kesejahteraan Petambak Garam dan Swasembada Garam Nasional. Semarang: Undip Press
  15. Rochwulaningsih, Yety (2018). Salt Production Business Potential in Aceh as Capital for the Coastal Communities Welfare. Journal of Maritime Studies and National Integration, Vol. 2 (1): 23-30
  16. Rodriguez, Jeanette & Ted Fortier (2007). Cultural Memory: Resistance, Faith, and Identity. Austin: University of Texas Press
  17. Rose, F. P. (1952). “Primitive Salt Works”, The Arkansas Historical Quarterly, Vol. 11 (4): 315-326
  18. Surpha, I Wayan (2004). Eksistensi Desa Adat dan Desa Dinas di Bali. Denpasar: Pustaka Bali Post
  19. Tim Study Tour Garam Amed Bali (2014). “Laporan Study Tour Bali Amed Salt to Guérande (France) for Decision Makers to Strengthening the Amed Salt GI Suplly Chain Indonesia-Swiss Intelectual Property Project (ISIP) Nantes, Perancis, 8-12 September 2014”. Tidak diterbitkan
  20. Windia, Wayan P. (2008). Bali Mawacara: Kesatuan Awig-awig, Hukum dan Pemerintahan di Bali. Denpasar: Udayana University Press
  21. Yogana, I Putu Bagus, I Gede Setiawan Adi Putra, dan Nyoman Parining (2016). “Potensi dan Proses Pemberdayaan Petani Garam di Desa Kusamba Kecamatan Dawan Kabupaten Klungkung”, Agribisnis dan Agrowisata 5(3): 588-596
  22. “Digempur Investor Pariwisata, Lahan Petani Garam di Karangasem Kian Terkikis”, Tribun Bali, 11 Agustus 2017
  23. “Dokumen Pelaksanaan BLM PUGAR TA. 2011 di Satker 220530 Kabupaten Karangasem-Bali”. Dinas Peternakan, Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Karangasem
  24. “Duplikat Prasasti Pura Mbudan Toya. Dokumen Desa Adat Culik
  25. “History of Salt”, http://www.saltinstitute.org /38.html, diakses pada 22 Desember 2017
  26. “Karangasem the Spirit of Bali”. Brosur wisata. Dinas Pariwisata Kabupaten Karangasem
  27. “Kegiatan Pemberdayaan Usaha Garam Rakyat (PUGAR) TA. 2011”. Dinas Peternakan, Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Karangasem
  28. “Laporan Kegiatan PUGAR Kabupaten Karangasem TA 2014”. Dinas Peternakan, Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Karangasem
  29. “Pemunder Desa Adat Culik” (Bhisama Desa Adat Culik) Translit Berbahasa Indonesia. Dokumen Desa Adat Culik
  30. “Produksi Menumpuk Petani Garam di Klungku-ng Mengeluh”, http://industri. bisnis. com /read/20151215/99 /501989/produksi-menumpuk-petani-garam-di-klung-kung-mengeluh, dikunjungi pada 2018
  31. “Tasik”, http://dictionary.basabali.org/Tasik, di kunjungi pada 10 Februari 2019

Last update:

  1. Struggle of salt farmers on Amed coast in Bali during COVID-19 pandemic

    Mahendra Pudji Utama, Singgih Tri Sulistiyono, Yety Rochwulaningsih, Mujiburrahman Mujiburrahman. THE 6TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT, EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFORMATION SYSTEM (ICENIS) 2021: Topic of Energy, Environment, Epidemiology, and Information System, 2683 , 2023. doi: 10.1063/5.0132887
  2. Coastal Environmental Change and the Salt Farmer Marginalization in Kusamba, Bali

    Mujiburrahman, Yety Rochwulaningsih, Singgih Tri Sulistiyono, Mahendra Pudji Utama, B. Warsito, Sudarno, T. Triadi Putranto. E3S Web of Conferences, 202 , 2020. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/202020207046
  3. Traditional knowledge system in palung salt-making in Bali Island

    Yety Rochwulaningsih, Singgih Tri Sulistiyono, Mahendra Pudji Utama, Noor Naelil Masruroh, Siti Rukayah, Makhfud Efendy, Misri Gozan. Journal of Ethnic Foods, 6 (1), 2019. doi: 10.1186/s42779-019-0018-2

Last update: 2024-04-14 09:26:54

  1. Coastal Environmental Change and the Salt Farmer Marginalization in Kusamba, Bali

    Mujiburrahman, Yety Rochwulaningsih, Singgih Tri Sulistiyono, Mahendra Pudji Utama, B. Warsito, Sudarno, T. Triadi Putranto. E3S Web of Conferences, 202 , 2020. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/202020207046