Biolubrication Synthesis Made from Used Cooking Oil and Bayah Natural Zeolite Catalyst

*Agus Rochmat -  Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa Cilegon, Banten, Indonesia
Athia Hasna Nurhanifah -  Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa Cilegon, Banten, Indonesia
Yunita Parviana -  Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa Cilegon, Banten, Indonesia
Suaedah Suaedah -  Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa Cilegon, Banten, Indonesia
Received: 5 Jul 2018; Revised: 19 Jul 2018; Accepted: 21 Jul 2018; Published: 31 Jul 2018; Available online: 28 Jul 2018.
Open Access Copyright 2018 Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi

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Sintesis Biolubrikan Berbahan Dasar Minyak Goreng Bekas dan berbantu Katalis Zeoilth Alam Bayah
Subject Biolubricant, minyak goreng bekas, transesterifikasi dan zeolit alam bayah
Type Research Materials
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Abstract
Automotive growth in Indonesia continues to increase, thus the needed of material that supported such as lubricants have also increased. To support environment to have a sustainable development, the world needs biodegradable lubricant or biolubricant. Biolubricant can match the characteristics and replace the function of petroleum-based lubricants. The biolubricant base material at the moment was the vegetable oil through a series of physically and chemically modified. This research synthesizes used cooking oil into biolubricant using natural zeolite catalyst, which in its production included esterification process of used cooking oil, synthesis of methyl ester and biolubricant synthesis. Biolubicant synthesis was conducted by variation of methyl ester mole ratio with ethylene glycol of 1:13-40 and catalyst mass range of 0.5%-3%. The results of the study showed that the highest yield was 83.46%, density 0.8994 g/mL, viscosity 40°C 52.90 cSt and at 100°C 8.74 cSt, the pour point 6°C and the flash point 278°C.

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Keywords
Biolubricant; used cooking oil; transesterification; natural zeolite; Bayah

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