skip to main content

Pembuatan Recycle Screen Printed Carbon Electrode dan Aplikasinya untuk Deteksi Asam Galat dengan Teknik Voltammetri

Fabrication of Recycle Screen Printed Carbon Electrode and Its Application for Voltammetric Detection of Gallic Acid

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, IPB University, Indonesia

Received: 25 Apr 2019; Revised: 19 Aug 2019; Accepted: 20 Aug 2019; Published: 30 Sep 2019.
Open Access Copyright 2019 Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Abstract

Gallic acid is phenolic compound found in tea and act as antiradical agent. This compound is electrochemically active and could be detected using voltammetric technique. This study aims to obtain recycle screen printed carbon electrode (rSPCE) and applied it for voltammetric detection of gallic acid. rSPCE was prepared by modification of used SPCE working electrode using a mixture of graphite:polystyrene at ratio of 95:5, 90:10, and 85:15 (w/w). Graphite:polystyrene was suspended in chloroform and deposited on SPCE by drop casting method. Phosphate buffer 0.1 M at pH of 2.5, 3.5, and 7 were used as electrolyte solution in voltammetric detection of gallic acid. The optimum condition of gallic acid detection was obtained when phosphate buffer 0,1 M at pH of 2.5 and rSPCE in composition of graphite:polystyrene (95:5) used as electrolyte and working electrode, respectively. Gallic acid has 2 oxidation peaks at potential of 0.26 V and 0.63 V vs Ag/AgCl, respectively. At concentration of 1 – 5 mM, gallic acid and oxidation currents provide linear regression with the coefficient determination of 0.9947 and 0.9864, consecutively for peak number 1 and 2. Measurement of gallic acid at rSPCE 95:5 shows good precision with %RSD < 5%. rSPCE was successfully applied for voltammetric detection of gallic acid in standard solution with accuracy > 96%, however further development is needed before its application for gallic acid measurement in real sample such as tea extract.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Gallic acid; electrode, graphite; polystyrene; voltammetry

Article Metrics:

  1. Marian Naczk, Fereidoon Shahidi, Phenolics in cereals, fruits and vegetables: Occurrence, extraction and analysis, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 41, 5, (2006) 1523-1542 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2006.04.002
  2. Bharti Badhani, Neha Sharma, Rita Kakkar, Gallic acid: a versatile antioxidant with promising therapeutic and industrial applications, RSC Advances, 5, 35, (2015) 27540-27557 http://doi.org/10.1039/C5RA01911G
  3. S. Gunckel, P. Santander, G. Cordano, J. Ferreira, S. Munoz, L. J. Nunez-Vergara, J. A. Squella, Antioxidant activity of gallates: an electrochemical study in aqueous media, Chemico-Biological Interactions, 114, 1, (1998) 45-59 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2797(98)00041-6
  4. Jiří Barek, Arnold G. Fogg, Alexandr Muck, Jiří Zima, Polarography and Voltammetry at Mercury Electrodes, Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry, 31, 4, (2001) 291-309 http://doi.org/10.1080/20014091076776
  5. Richard L. McCreery, Advanced Carbon Electrode Materials for Molecular Electrochemistry, Chemical Reviews, 108, 7, (2008) 2646-2687 http://doi.org/10.1021/cr068076m
  6. Jacqueline Marques Petroni, Bruno Gabriel Lucca, Valdir Souza Ferreira, Simple approach for the fabrication of screen-printed carbon-based electrode for amperometric detection on microchip electrophoresis, Analytica Chimica Acta, 954, (2017) 88-96 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2016.12.027
  7. Wei Zhang, Shuyun Zhu, Rafael Luque, Shuang Han, Lianzhe Hu, Guobao Xu, Recent development of carbon electrode materials and their bioanalytical and environmental applications, Chemical Society Reviews, 45, 3, (2016) 715-752 http://doi.org/10.1039/C5CS00297D
  8. Hyuncheol Kim, H. Thomas Hahn, Lisa M. Viculis, Scott Gilje, Richard B. Kaner, Electrical conductivity of graphite/polystyrene composites made from potassium intercalated graphite, Carbon, 45, 7, (2007) 1578-1582 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2007.02.035
  9. D. D. L. Chung, Review Graphite, Journal of Materials Science, 37, 8, (2002) 1475-1489 http://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014915307738
  10. Jingjing Xu, Haiying Zhang, Gang Chen, Carbon nanotube/polystyrene composite electrode for microchip electrophoretic determination of rutin and quercetin in Flos Sophorae Immaturus, Talanta, 73, 5, (2007) 932-937 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.05.019
  11. Min Xiao, Luyi Sun, Jingjing Liu, Yun Li, Kecheng Gong, Synthesis and properties of polystyrene/graphite nanocomposites, Polymer, 43, 8, (2002) 2245-2248 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-3861(02)00022-8
  12. Refat Abdel-Hamid, Emad F. Newair, Adsorptive stripping voltammetric determination of gallic acid using an electrochemical sensor based on polyepinephrine/glassy carbon electrode and its determination in black tea sample, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 704, (2013) 32-37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2013.06.006
  13. Lismery P. Souza, Francyelle Calegari, Aldo J. G. Zarbin, Luiz Humberto Marcolino-Júnior, Márcio F. Bergamini, Voltammetric Determination of the Antioxidant Capacity in Wine Samples Using a Carbon Nanotube Modified Electrode, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59, 14, (2011) 7620-7625 http://doi.org/10.1021/jf2005589 Ya-Ling Su, Shu-Hua Cheng, Sensitive and selective determination of gallic acid in green tea samples based on an electrochemical platform of poly(melamine) film, Analytica Chimica Acta, 901, (2015) 41-50
  14. Aoac International Guideline Working, AOAC Guidelines for Single Laboratory Validation of Chemical Methods for Dietary Supplements and Botanicals, in: J AOAC Int, 2002
  15. Felipe Hugo Alencar Fernandes, Hérida Regina Nunes Salgado, Gallic Acid: Review of the Methods of Determination and Quantification, Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry, 46, 3, (2016) 257-265 http://doi.org/10.1080/10408347.2015.1095064
  16. Meifeng Chen, Huiping Lv, Xia Li, Zhilong Tian, Xinying Ma, Determination of Gallic Acid in Tea by a Graphene Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode, International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 14, (2019) 4852 – 4860 http://doi.org/10.20964/2019.05.23
  17. Sheida Sarafraz, Hossain-Ali Rafiee-Pour, Maryam Khayatkashani, Asa Ebrahimi, Electrochemical determination of gallic acid in Camellia sinensis, Viola odorata, Commiphora mukul, and Vitex agnus-castus by MWCNTs-COOH modified CPE, Journal of Nanostructures, 9, 2, (2019) 384-395
  18. Nelly Medina-Torres, Teresa Ayora-Talavera, Hugo Espinosa-Andrews, Angeles Sánchez-Contreras, Neith Pacheco, Ultrasound Assisted Extraction for the Recovery of Phenolic Compounds from Vegetable Sources, Agronomy, 7, 3, (2017) https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy7030047
  19. Brijesh K. Tiwari, Ultrasound: A clean, green extraction technology, TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 71, (2015) 100-109 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2015.04.013

Last update: 2021-07-28 01:14:15

  1. Uric Acid Sensor Based on PEDOT:PSS Modified Screen-Printed Carbon Electrode Fabricated with a Simple Painting Technique

    Wulan Tri Wahyuni, Rudi Heryanto, Eti Rohaeti, Achmad Fauzi, Budi Riza Putra. Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 24 (2), 2021. doi: 10.14710/jksa.24.2.43-50

Last update: 2021-07-28 01:14:15

No citation recorded.