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Electrocoating Polypyrrole on Gold-Wire Electrode as Potential Mediator Membrane Candidate for Anionic Surfactant Electrode Sensor

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Halu Oleo University, Indonesia

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia

Received: 6 Feb 2020; Revised: 6 May 2020; Accepted: 7 May 2020; Published: 31 May 2020.
Open Access Copyright 2020 Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract

The development of polypyrrole as a potential mediator membrane candidate for sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) sensor electrode has been investigated. The polypyrrole membrane was synthesized electrochemically from the pyrrole and coated at the surface of a 1.0 mm diameter of the gold-wire electrode. Electropolymerization of pyrrole and coating of the polypyrrole produced was performed by cyclic voltammetry technique in the electrochemical cell containing supporting electrolyte of 0.01 M NaClO4 with an optimum potential range of -0.9 V–1.0 V, the scanning rate of 100 mV/s, an electric current of 2 mA, and running of potential scanning of 10 cycles. By using the similar optimal parameters of cyclic voltammetry, electropolymerization of 0.01 M pyrrole solution containing 0.001 M SDS also produces a polypyrrole membrane coated at the gold-wire electrode surface. These coated electrodes have the potential response-ability toward DS- anions in the concentration range of 10-7 M–10-5 M with a limit of detection of 10-7 M and sensitivity of electrode of 9.9 mV/decade. This finding shows that the SDS solution’s role is as supporting electrolyte and also as a source of DS- dopant during the pyrrole electropolymerization processes. Dopants are trapped in the polymer membrane during the electrochemical formation of polypyrrole and role as ionophores for DS- anion in the analyte solution. A potential response to the electrode phenomena is excellent basic scientific information for further synthesis of conducting polymer and development of conducting polymer-coated wire electrode model, especially in the construction of ion-selective electrode (ISE) for the determination of anionic surfactants with those models.

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Keywords: polypyrrole; electropolymerization; coated wire electrode; anionic surfactant ISE
Funding: Halu Oleo University

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