skip to main content

Stability Improvement of Humic Acid as Sorbent through Magnetite and Chitin Modification

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

Received: 31 Dec 2019; Revised: 20 Apr 2020; Accepted: 2 May 2020; Published: 31 May 2020.
Open Access Copyright 2020 Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

Citation Format:
Cover Image
Abstract
Stability improvement of humic acid (HA) through modification of HA by chitin (HA-chitin) followed by a coating of HA-chitin on magnetite has been successfully performed. The coated magnetite (magnetite/HA-chitin) was conducted by the co-precipitation method, and the synthesized magnetite/HA-chitin was characterized by FT-IR, XRD, SEM-EDX, and VSM. The successful coated-magnetite by HA-chitin was proved by the appearance of a new band at 1627 cm-1 (FT-IR), the formation of a crystalline phase with characteristic 2θ of magnetite: 30.259° [220]; 35.64° [311]; 42.590° [400]; 57.280° [511]; and 62.896° [440] (XRD), an increasing of carbon content in magnetite/HA-chitin (SEM-EDX), and the ease of magnetite/HA-chitin being attracted to external magnetic fields with magnetic saturation strength 29.3 emu/g (VSM). Stability tests at pH 2.0 - 10.0 prove that magnetite/HA-chitin remains stable as a solid sorbent on average above 80%. Its application to Hg (II) sorption occurred optimum at pH 7.0, where 75.89% Hg (II) is sorbed on 0.1 g of sorbent and agreed well to the pseudo-second-order kinetics model of Ho.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: HA stabilization; HA modification; magnetite/HA-chitin; Hg(II)
Funding: Gadjah Mada University

Article Metrics:

  1. Mansi Rastogi, Meenakshi Nandal and Lata Nain, Additive effect of cow dung slurry and cellulolytic bacterial inoculation on humic fractions during composting of municipal solid waste, International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, 8, 3, (2019), 325-332 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40093-019-0277-3
  2. N. S. Barot and H. K. Bagla, Extraction of humic acid from biological matrix – dry cow dung powder, Green Chemistry Letters and Reviews, 2, 4, (2009), 217-221 https://doi.org/10.1080/17518250903334290
  3. NB Singh, Garima Nagpal and Sonal Agrawal, Water purification by using adsorbents: a review, Environmental technology & innovation, 11, (2018), 187-240 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2018.05.006
  4. Arnelli Arnelli, Ulya Hanifah Henrika Putri, Fandi Nasrun Cholis and Yayuk Astuti, Use of Microwave Radiation for Activating Carbon from Rice Husk Using ZnCl2 Activator, Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 22, 6, (2019), 282-291 https://doi.org/10.14710/jksa.22.6.282-291
  5. Aseel M Aljeboree, Abbas N Alshirifi and Ayad F Alkaim, Kinetics and equilibrium study for the adsorption of textile dyes on coconut shell activated carbon, Arabian journal of chemistry, 10, (2017), S3381-S3393 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2014.01.020
  6. Wei Mo, Qiuzhi He, Xiujuan Su, Shaojian Ma, Jinpeng Feng and Zhenli He, Preparation and characterization of a granular bentonite composite adsorbent and its application for Pb2+ adsorption, Applied Clay Science, 159, (2018), 68-73 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2017.12.001
  7. Esperanza Durán, Salvador Bueno, M Carmen Hermosín, Lucía Cox and Beatriz Gámiz, Optimizing a low added value bentonite as adsorbent material to remove pesticides from water, Science of The Total Environment, 672, (2019), 743-751 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.014
  8. Guillaume B Baur, Igor Yuranov and Lioubov Kiwi-Minsker, Activated carbon fibers modified by metal oxide as effective structured adsorbents for acetaldehyde, Catalysis Today, 249, (2015), 252-258 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2014.11.021
  9. Xue Zhang, Qin Lei, Xingzhang Wang, Jianhao Liang, Chong Chen, Hong Luo, Hongmei Mou, Qiulin Deng, Tinghong Zhang and Jinlong Jiang, Removal of Cr (III) Using Humic Acid–Modified Attapulgite, Journal of Environmental Engineering, 145, 6, (2019), 04019028 https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0001541
  10. Sri Sudiono, Mustika Yuniarti, Dwi Siswanta, Eko Sri Kunarti, Triyono Triyono and Sri Juari Santosa, The Role of Carboxyl and Hydroxyl Groups of Humic Acid in Removing AuCl4- from Aqueous Solution, Indonesian Journal of Chemistry, 17, 1, (2017), 95-104 https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.23620
  11. Nadezhda A Samoilova and Maria A Krayukhina, Synthesis of magnetic chitin–adsorbent for specific proteins, Carbohydrate polymers, 216, (2019), 107-112 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.03.048
  12. F.J. Stevenson, Humus Chemistry: Genesis, Composition, Reactions, 2nd ed., Wiley, 1994
  13. Hong K. No, Samuel P. Meyers and Keun S. Lee, Isolation and characterization of chitin from crawfish shell waste, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 37, 3, (1989), 575-579 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a001
  14. Jing-fu Liu, Zong-shan Zhao and Gui-bin Jiang, Coating Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticles with Humic Acid for High Efficient Removal of Heavy Metals in Water, Environmental Science & Technology, 42, 18, (2008), 6949-6954 https://doi.org/10.1021/es800924c
  15. Ales Hanc, Vojtech Enev, Tereza Hrebeckova, Martina Klucakova and Miloslav Pekar, Characterization of humic acids in a continuous-feeding vermicomposting system with horse manure, Waste Management, 99, (2019), 1-11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.08.032
  16. Ngadiwiyana Ngadiwiyana, Enny Fachriyah, Purbowatiningrum Ria Sarjono, Nor Basid Adiwibawa Prasetya, Ismiyarto Ismiyarto and Agus Subagio, Synthesis of Nano Chitosan as Carrier Material of Cinnamon’s Active Component, Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 21, 2, (2018), 92-97 https://doi.org/10.14710/jksa.21.2.92-97
  17. V Enev, L Doskočil, L Kubíková and M Klučáková, The medium-term effect of natural compost on the spectroscopic properties of humic acids of Czech soils, The Journal of Agricultural Science, 156, 7, (2018), 877-887 https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859618000874
  18. Mohamed Traoré, Joeri Kaal and Antonio Martínez Cortizas, Application of FTIR spectroscopy to the characterization of archeological wood, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 153, (2016), 63-70 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2015.07.108
  19. Ricka Prasdiantika, Susanto Susanto and Yustika Kusumawardani, Synthesis and Characterization of Triamine modified coated Iron Sand Hybrid Nanomaterials originating from Kendal Coast, Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 23, 3, (2020), 68-74 https://doi.org/10.14710/jksa.23.3.68-74
  20. Erzsébet Illés and Etelka Tombácz, The effect of humic acid adsorption on pH-dependent surface charging and aggregation of magnetite nanoparticles, Journal of colloid and interface science, 295, 1, (2006), 115-123 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2005.08.003
  21. Monireh Zarghani and Batool Akhlaghinia, Magnetically separable Fe3O4@chitin as an eco-friendly nanocatalyst with high efficiency for green synthesis of 5-substituted-1H-tetrazoles under solvent-free conditions, RSC Advances, 6, 38, (2016), 31850-31860 https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA07252F
  22. Yana Bagbi, Ankur Sarswat, Dinesh Mohan, Arvind Pandey and Pratima R. Solanki, Lead and Chromium Adsorption from Water using L-Cysteine Functionalized Magnetite (Fe3O4) Nanoparticles, Scientific Reports, 7, 1, (2017), 7672 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-03380-x
  23. Nia Siskawati, Didik Setiyo Widodo, Wasino Hadi Rahmanto and Linda Suyati, Electrosynthesis of α-Fe2O3 in a Fe(s)|KCl(aq)||H2O(aq)|C(s) System, Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 21, 4, (2018), 182-186 https://doi.org/10.14710/jksa.21.4.182-186
  24. Philip Anggo Krisbiantoro, Sri Juari Santosa and Eko Sri Kunarti, Synthesis of Fulvic Acid-Coated Magnetite (Fe3O4–FA) and Its Application for the Reductive Adsorption of [AuCl4]–, Indonesian Journal of Chemistry, 17, 3, (2017), 453-460 https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.24828
  25. Erzsébet Illés and Etelka Tombácz, The role of variable surface charge and surface complexation in the adsorption of humic acid on magnetite, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 230, 1-3, (2003), 99-109 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2003.09.017
  26. Soerja Koesnarpadi, Sri Juari Santosa, Dwi Siswanta and Bambang Rusdiarso, Humic Acid Coated Fe3O4 Nanoparticle for Phenol Sorption, Indonesian Journal of Chemistry, 17, 2, (2017), 274-283 https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.22545
  27. Soerja Koesnarpadi, Sri Juari Santosa, Dwi Siswanta and Bambang Rusdiarso, Synthesis and characterizatation of magnetite nanoparticle coated humic acid (Fe3O4/HA), Procedia Environmental Sciences, 30, (2015), 103-108 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2015.10.018
  28. Liang Peng, Pufeng Qin, Ming Lei, Qingru Zeng, Huijuan Song, Jiao Yang, Jihai Shao, Bohan Liao and Jidong Gu, Modifying Fe3O4 nanoparticles with humic acid for removal of Rhodamine B in water, Journal of hazardous materials, 209, (2012), 193-198 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.01.011
  29. Hongyun Niu, Di Zhang, Shengxiao Zhang, Xiaole Zhang, Zhaofu Meng and Yaqi Cai, Humic acid coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles as highly efficient Fenton-like catalyst for complete mineralization of sulfathiazole, Journal of hazardous materials, 190, 1-3, (2011), 559-565 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.03.086
  30. Emil Zacky Effendi, Yudhi Christian Hariady, Muhammad Daffa Salaahuddin, Chairul Irawan and Iryanti Fatyasari Nata, Utilization of Rice Husk Cellulose as a Magnetic Nanoparticle Biocomposite Fiber Source for the Absorption of Manganese (Mn2+) Ions in Peat Water, Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 22, 6, (2019), 220-226 https://doi.org/10.14710/jksa.22.6.220-226
  31. S Lagergren, Kungliga svenska vetenskapsakademiens, Handlingar, 24, 4, (1898), 1-39
  32. Yuh-Shan Ho, Review of second-order models for adsorption systems, Journal of hazardous materials, 136, 3, (2006), 681-689 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.12.043
  33. Zhuoxing Wang, Jiang Xu, Yunjun Hu, Heng Zhao, Junliang Zhou, Yu Liu, Zimo Lou and Xinhua Xu, Functional nanomaterials: Study on aqueous Hg (II) adsorption by magnetic Fe3O4@SiO2-SH nanoparticles, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 60, (2016), 394-402 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2015.10.041
  34. Amina Rezgui, Eric Guibal and Taoufik Boubakera, Sorption of Hg(II) and Zn(II) ions using lignocellulosic sorbent (date pits), The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 95, 4, (2017), 775-782 https://doi.org/10.1002/cjce.22728
  35. Necmettin Caner, Ahmet Sarı and Mustafa Tüzen, Adsorption Characteristics of Mercury(II) Ions from Aqueous Solution onto Chitosan-Coated Diatomite, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 54, 30, (2015), 7524-7533 https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.5b01293

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.