skip to main content

Removal Efficiency of Chemical Oxygen Demand on Greywater using Multi Soil Layering (MSL) Technology

*Syafrudin Syafrudin  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Mochtar Hadiwidodo  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Irawan Wisnu Wardhana  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Tika Ayu Kusuma Wardani  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Indah Sekar Arumdani  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Sudarno Sudarno  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Nurandani Hardyanti  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Citation Format:

Greywater is household waste sourced from kitchens and bathrooms, except for toilets. Around 58%-85% of greywater can be generated from the total volume of household wastewater per house. It is necessary to treat wastewater before it is discharged into water bodies to prevent the adverse effects of contaminants on the environment and human health while reducing the demand for clean water. However, due to environmentally friendly, socially sustainable, and economical treatment costs, considering that greywater is produced every day and continuously, Multi Soil Layering (MSL) technology can be an alternative to remove contaminants in water. Thus, this study aims to determine the migration of COD in greywater using MSL technology. Other parameters tested were pH and temperature by taking samples of wastewater in residential areas of Semarang City. In this study, there are two stages, namely the preliminary stage and the running stage. The MSL system will use three reactors with andosol soil, apus bamboo, and coconut shell activated charcoal as mixed soil blocks (SMB). Reactor A (activated charcoal and andosol soil), reactor B (bamboo apus and andosol soil), reactor C (andosol soil, bamboo apus, activated charcoal). The results of domestic wastewater treatment using the MSL method in each of the three reactors could remove COD by 75%, 74%, and 76%. Reactor C obtained the highest COD removal efficiency compared to other reactors.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: chemical oxygen demand; domestic wastewater; multi soil layering system

Article Metrics:

  1. An, C., Mcbean, E., Huang, G., Yao, Y., Zhang, P., Chen, X. & Li, Y. 2016. Multi-soil-layering systems for wastewater treatment in small and remote communities. Journal of Environmental Informatics, 27, 131-144
  2. Anonymous. 2019. Peraturan Kementerian Dalam Negeri (Permendagri) tentang Perubahan Atas Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 137 Tahun 2017 Tentang Kode Dan Data Wilayah Administrasi Pemerintahan. In: NEGERI, K. D. (ed.)
  3. Asano, T., Burton, F. & Leverenz, H. 2007. Water reuse: issues, technologies, and applications, McGraw-Hill Education
  4. Eriksson, E., Auffarth, K., Henze, M. & Ledin, A. 2002. Characteristics of grey wastewater. Urban water, 4, 85-104
  5. Guan, Y.-D., Xu, D.-F., Chen, X., Luo, A.-C., Fang, H. & Song, Y.-Z. 2014. Flow patterns of multi-soil-layering systems. Desalination and Water Treatment, 52, 4165-4169
  6. Hartemink, A. 2012. Handbook of Soil Sciences. Wiley Online Library
  7. Ho, C.-C. & Wang, P.-H. 2015. Efficiency of a multi-soil-layering system on wastewater treatment using environment-friendly filter materials. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12, 3362-3380
  8. Noutsopoulos, C., Andreadakis, A., Kouris, N., Charchousi, D., Mendrinou, P., Galani, A., Mantziaras, I. & Koumaki, E. 2018. Greywater characterization and loadings–physicochemical treatment to promote onsite reuse. Journal of Environmental Management, 216, 337-346
  9. Pawestri, D. S., Budiono, Z. & Abdullah, S. 2020. Efisiensi multi soil layering (MSL) dalam menurunkan kadar chromium heksavalen (cr6+) pada limbah cair sablon di Kaos Ngapak Kabupaten Banyumas Tahun 2020. Buletin Keslingmas, 39, 131-137
  10. Rahajeng, E. M., Sumiyati, S. & Samudro, G. 2015. Pengaruh konsentrasi Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) dan pH terhadap kinerja Granular Activated Carbon Dual Chamber Microbial Fuel Cells (GAC-DCMFCs). Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan, 4, 1-8
  11. Santoso, S. 2014. Limbah cair domestik: Permasalahan dan dampaknya terhadap lingkungan. Materi Penyuluhan Kepada Masyarakat Desa Pasinggangan, Kec. Banyumas
  12. Sato, K., Iwashima, N., Wakatsuki, T. & Masunaga, T. 2011. Quantitative evaluation of treatment processes and mechanisms of organic matter, phosphorus, and nitrogen removal in a multi-soil-layering system. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 57, 475-486
  13. Song, P., Huang, G., An, C., Shen, J., Zhang, P., Chen, X., Shen, J., Yao, Y., Zheng, R. & Sun, C. 2018. Treatment of rural domestic wastewater using multi-soil-layering systems: Performance evaluation, factorial analysis and numerical modeling. Science of the Total Environment, 644, 536-546
  14. Suci, S. 2017. Aplikasi Zeolit dari Blotong dan Lempung untuk Mengadsorpsi Logam Berat Kromium (Cr). Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar
  15. Tchobanoglus, G., Burton, F. & Stensel, H. D. 2003. Wastewater engineering: Treatment and reuse. American Water Works Association. Journal, 95, 201
  16. Vymazal, J. & Březinová, T. 2016. Accumulation of heavy metals in aboveground biomass of Phragmites australis in horizontal flow constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment: a review. Chemical Engineering Journal, 290, 232-242
  17. Wei, C.-J. & Wu, W.-Z. 2018. Performance of single-pass and by-pass multi-step multi-soil-layering systems for low-(C/N)-ratio polluted river water treatment. Chemosphere, 206, 579-586
  18. Wu, Z., An, Y., Wang, Z., Yang, S., Chen, H., Zhou, Z. & Mai, S. 2008. Study on zeolite enhanced contact–adsorption regeneration–stabilization process for nitrogen removal. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 156, 317-326
  19. Ying, G., Xing, Y., Li, Z., Pan, J. & Kuang, X. 2010. Advantages of psychrophiles in improving bio‐treatment efficiency of small size constructed wetlands during cold weather. Environmental progress & sustainable energy, 29, 25-33
  20. Zaman, B. & Oktiawan, W. 2020. Efficiency of multi soil layering (MSL) system in a household-scale wastewater treatment using environmentally friendly materials. Sustinere: Journal of Environment and Sustainability, 4, 33-42
  21. Zhang, P., Huang, G., An, C., Fu, H., Gao, P., Yao, Y. & Chen, X. 2019. An integrated gravity-driven ecological bed for wastewater treatment in subtropical regions: process design, performance analysis, and greenhouse gas emissions assessment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 212, 1143-1153

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2024-03-01 04:26:16

No citation recorded.